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  1. As a consequence of Covid-19 pandemic, the basic lab consumables are in shortage, especially in the low-income countries. Thus, the main objective of the present study is to develop and evaluate homemade solut...

    Authors: Mohamed A. Elnagar, Mohamed F. Ibrahim, Magdy Albert, Maya M.Talal, Mahmoud M. Abdelfattah, Ehab El-Dabaa and Reham Helwa
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:137
  2. A novel endoglucanase (BcelFp) was identified from Fervidobaterium pennivorans DSM9078 which had biotransformation activity for protopanaxadiol (PPD)-type ginsenosides. Sequence analysis of BcelFp revealed that i...

    Authors: Fei Zheng, Huanxi Zhao, Nan Wang, Peng Zhong, Kailu Zhou and Shanshan Yu
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:136
  3. The enzymatic recycling of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) can be a promising approach to tackle the problem of plastic waste. The thermostability and activity of PET-hydrolyzing enzymes are still insufficien...

    Authors: Fusako Kawai, Yoshitomo Furushima, Norihiro Mochizuki, Naoki Muraki, Mitsuaki Yamashita, Akira Iida, Rie Mamoto, Takehiko Tosha, Ryo Iizuka and Sakihito Kitajima
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:134
  4. Bacillus is a genus of microorganisms (bacteria) and contains many important commercial species used in industry, agriculture and healthcare. Many different Bacilli are relatively well understood at the single-ce...

    Authors: Yan Liu, Polonca Štefanič, Youzhi Miao, Yansheng Xue, Weibing Xun, Nan Zhang, Qirong Shen, Ruifu Zhang, Zhihui Xu and Ines Mandic-Mulec
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:133
  5. Various PCR-based genome-walking methods have been developed to acquire unknown flanking DNA sequences. However, the specificity and efficacy levels, and the operational processes, of the available methods are...

    Authors: Tianyi Sun, Mengya Jia, Lingqin Wang, Zhaoqin Li, Zhiyu Lin, Cheng Wei, Jinfeng Pei and Haixing Li
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:131
  6. Alkaline pectate lyase has developmental prospects in the textile, pulp, paper, and food industries. In this study, we selected BacPelA, the pectin lyase with the highest expression activity from Bacillus clausii

    Authors: Pi-Wu Li, Jun Ma, Xiao-Feng Wei, Zi-Yang Zhang, Rui-Ming Wang, Jing Xiao and Jun-Qing Wang
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:130
  7. Dendrobium nobile Lindl. has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine for a long time, in which the most important compound is dendrobine functioning in a variety of pharmacological activities. Farnesyl diphos...

    Authors: Daoyong Gong, Bin Wu, Hongting Qin, Dezhao Fu, Shunxing Guo, Bochu Wang and Biao Li
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:129
  8. The gastrointestinal tract is one of the most complex microbiological niches containing beneficial and non-pathogenic bacterial strains of which some may evolve into virulent under specific conditions. Lactobacil...

    Authors: Pamela Hindieh, Joseph Yaghi, André El Khoury, Ali Chokr, Ali Atoui, Nicolas Louka and Jean Claude Assaf
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:128
  9. Influenza B virus circulates yearly with lower activity than that of influenza A virus in China. During winter 2017 to 2018, a sharp surge of influenza activity dominated by type B/Yamagata lineage virus cause...

    Authors: Yao Yao, Lingling Chen, Dong Zhu, Runqing Li, Zhipeng Zhao, Wenqi Song, Xiuying Zhao and Kun Qin
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:127
  10. Carbon catabolite repression (CCR) enables preferential utilization of easily metabolizable carbon sources, implying the presence of mechanisms to ensure discriminatory gene repression depending on the ambient...

    Authors: Emi Kunitake, Ryota Uchida, Keisuke Asano, Kyoko Kanamaru, Makoto Kimura, Tetsuya Kimura and Tetsuo Kobayashi
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:126
  11. A growing body of evidence has confirmed that inflammatory mechanisms are involved in the formation and treatment of coronary atherosclerotic disease (CAD). An increase in circulatory levels of inflammatory cy...

    Authors: Zhenyang Fu, Xiaolei Song, Anna Shen and Tao Zhou
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:125
  12. Design of experiment (DOE) is a statistical approach for designing, performing, and interpreting a large set of data with the minimum number of tests. In our previous study, we developed a novel Hsp27 SILEX sy...

    Authors: Fatemeh Sadat Shariati, Malihe Keramati and Reza Ahangari Cohan
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:124
  13. Anaerobic fungus–methanogen co-cultures from rumen liquids and faeces can degrade lignocellulose efficiently. In this study, 31 fungus–methanogen co-cultures were first obtained from the rumen of yaks grazing ...

    Authors: Yaqin Wei, Hui Yang, Zhiye Wang, Jiang Zhao, Hongshan Qi, Chuan Wang, Jingrong Zhang and Tao Yang
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:123
  14. Infectious bacteria in biofilm mode are involved in many persistent infections. Owing to its importance in clinical settings, many in vitro and in vivo studies are being conducted to study the structural and f...

    Authors: Sudarshan Singh Rathore, Lalitha Cheepurupalli, Jaya Gangwar, Thiagarajan Raman and Jayapradha Ramakrishnan
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:122
  15. Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infections are growing worldwide especially in immunocompromised individuals. Since treatment of NTM infections is species-specific, the precise identification of NTM to spec...

    Authors: Azar Dokht Khosravi, Mohammad Hashemzadeh and Parisa Rokhfirooz
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:121
  16. The search and discovery of new natural products with antifeedant and larvicidal potentials to mitigate harmful insects are scientific pressing issues in the modern agriculture. In this paper, the antifeedant ...

    Authors: Magdia A. Hazaa, Magdy M. Shebl, El-Sayed R. El-Sayed, Samar R. Mahmoud, Abeer A. Khattab and Mahmoud M. Amer
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:120
  17. The high cost of cellulase is one of the main obstacles hindering the large-scale biorefining of lignocellulosic biomass. Therefore, developing efficient method for preparation of cellulase is promising. In th...

    Authors: Cha Cao, Zuohua Zhu, Chao Xu, Wenbing Gong, Yingjun Zhou, Li Yan, Zhenxiu Hu, Chunliang Xie and Yuande Peng
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:119
  18. The current study is aimed to evaluate the effect of host-specific probiotics on the gut microbiome, performance, and select fecal biomarkers of gut health in preruminant buffalo calves. Eight Murrah buffalo c...

    Authors: Vinay Venkatesh Varada, Sachin Kumar, Supriya Chhotaray and Amrish Kumar Tyagi
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:118
  19. Contaminated surfaces are vehicles for the spread of infectious disease-causing microorganisms. A strategy to prevent their spread is applying antimicrobial coatings to surfaces. Both nanostructured anatase ru...

    Authors: Alibe Wasa, Jack Aitken, Hyunwoo Jun, Catherine Bishop, Susan Krumdieck, William Godsoe and Jack A. Heinemann
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:117
  20. In this paper, gamma-irradiation was successfully used to intensify the yield of Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) produced by the fungus Alternaria tenuissima as a sustainable and green process. The obtained dat...

    Authors: Mervat M. Anwar, Sanaa S. H. Aly, Essam H. Nasr and El-Sayed R. El-Sayed
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:116
  21. β-1,3/1,6-glucan as a prebiotic improves immune performance in animals. These functions are closely related to the effect of β-1,3/1,6-glucan on gut microbiota structure. However, the effect of β-1,3/1,6-gluca...

    Authors: Jingge Wang, Zibin Zheng, Hua Yang, Jie Chen, Yingping Xiao, Xiaofeng Ji, Zhenming Zhang, Hailian He, Baoan Ding and Biao Tang
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:115
  22. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-induced gastric inflammation in the gastric mucosa and significantly increases the risk of developing gastritis and peptic ulcer disease (PUD). The objective of this research is to...

    Authors: Ghorbanali Rahimian, Milad Shahini Shams Abadi, Yousef Mirzaei, Ali Hussein Mer, Reza Ahmadi and Fatemeh Azadegan-Dehkordi
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:113
  23. COVID-19 currently is the main cause of the severe acute respiratory disease and fatal outcomes in human beings worldwide. Several genes are used as targets for the detection of SARS-CoV-2, including the RDRP,...

    Authors: Reza Valadan, Soheila Golchin, Reza Alizadeh-Navaei, Mohammadreza Haghshenas, Mehryar Zargari, Tahoora Mousavi and Mohammad Ghamati
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:112
  24. Fewer studies in recent years have been conducted on the nutritional potential and fermentation quality of silage prepared from pomegranate leaves (PL). So, we investigated the nutritional-fermentation quality...

    Authors: Mohsen Kazemi, Reza Valizadeh and Elias Ibrahimi Khoram Abadi
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:111
  25. Natural soil has the ability to suppress the soil-borne pathogen to a certain extent, and the assemblage of soil microbiome plays a crucial role in maintaining such ability. Long-term monoculture accelerates t...

    Authors: Xiaojiao Liu, Liehua Liu, Jie Gong, Lixin Zhang, Qipeng Jiang, Kuo Huang and Wei Ding
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:110
  26. Hazelnut is one of the most important nut plants recently suggested as a sustainable source for paclitaxel. In the present study, the effect of the concentration and combination of PGRs, different basal medium...

    Authors: Roghayyeh Hazrati, Nasser Zare, Rasool Asghari-Zakaria, Parisa Sheikhzadeh and Mohammad Johari-Ahar
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:109
  27. Antimicrobial alternatives such as nanoparticles are critically required to tackle bacterial infections, especially with the emerging threat of antibiotic resistance. Therefore, this study aimed to biosynthesi...

    Authors: Nouran Rezk, Abdallah S. Abdelsattar, Salsabil Makky, Assmaa H. Hussein, Azza G. Kamel and Ayman El-Shibiny
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:108
  28. Determination of the viability, ratio of dead and live cell populations, of Sulfolobus acidocaldarius is still being done by tedious and material-intensive plating assays that can only provide time-lagged results...

    Authors: Kerstin Rastädter, Andrea Tramontano, David J. Wurm, Oliver Spadiut and Julian Quehenberger
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:107
  29. Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2), a key regulator of osteogenesis, induces the differentiation of mesenchymal cells into cartilage or bone tissues. Early orthopedic and dental studies o...

    Authors: Nam-Hyun Kim, Seon-Kyong Jung, Juno Lee, Pahn-Shick Chang and Seung-Hoon Kang
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:106
  30. Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is a highly demanded pharmaceutical steroid widely used in medicine. An ascomycete Gibberella zeae VKM F-2600 is capable of producing UDCA by 7β-hydroxylation of lithocholic acid (LCA)...

    Authors: Vyacheslav Kollerov and Marina Donova
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:105
  31. Acinetobacter baumannii is an important opportunistic pathogen, and the cause of nosocomial infections worldwide in recent decades. Efflux pumps are considered as the important causes of multidrug resistance of A...

    Authors: Ebrahim Rafiei, Milad Shahini Shams Abadi, Behnam Zamanzad and Abolfazl Gholipour
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:103
  32. This study aims to produce, characterize, and assess the antimicrobial activity and cytotoxicity of polymer blends based on chitosan (CT) and fish collagen (COL) produced by different precipitation methods. Po...

    Authors: Andressa Coelho Ferreira, Maria Rosa Quaresma Bomfim, Carlos Henrique de Barros da Costa Sobrinho, Daniela Talissa Lobo Boaz, Railane Da Silva Lira, Valéria Costa Fontes, Mariana Oliveira Arruda, Patrícia Maria Wiziack Zago, Carlos Alberto Alves Dias Filho, Carlos José Moraes Dias, Marilene Oliveira da Rocha Borges, Rachel Melo Ribeiro, Cícero Wellington Brito Bezerra and Rosiane Silva Penha
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:102
  33. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria are a type of beneficial bacteria which inhabit in the rhizosphere and possess the abilities to promote plant growth. Pseudomonas putida LWPZF is a plant growth-promoting bact...

    Authors: Tingting Jin, Jiahong Ren, Yunling Li, Bianxia Bai, Ruixiang Liu and Ying Wang
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:101
  34. The Gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium Serratia marcescens is an opportunistic pathogen of many organisms, including insects. We report the identification and optimal in vitro chitinase production conditions of a...

    Authors: Aili Tao, Tan Wang, Fahu Pang, Xueling Zheng, Camilo Ayra-Pardo, Siliang Huang, Ruxin Xu, Fengqin Liu, Jiakang Li, Yibin Wei, Zhiqing Wang, Qiuhong Niu and Dandan Li
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:100
  35. Macroalgal surface constitutes a peculiar ecological niche and an advantageous substratum for microorganisms able to degrade the wide diversity of algal glycans. The degrading enzymatic activities of macroalga...

    Authors: Marta Barbato, Violetta Vacchini, Aschwin H. Engelen, Giovanni Patania, Francesca Mapelli, Sara Borin and Elena Crotti
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:98
  36. As a group of green biocatalysts, fungal laccases have aroused great interest in diverse biotechnological fields. Therein, yellow laccase has advantages over blue laccase in catalytic performance, but it is no...

    Authors: Qingjing Cen, Xiaodan Wu, Leipeng Cao, Yanjuan Lu, Xuan Lu, Jianwen Chen, Guiming Fu, Yuhuan Liu and Roger Ruan
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:96
  37. Recombinant production of mussel foot proteins among marine-inspired proteinaceous adhesive materials has been attracted high attention for medical applications, due to their exceptional versatility potential ...

    Authors: Keyvan Shahryarimorad, Atefeh Alipour, Yousof Saeedi Honar, Behrouz Abtahi, Mohammad Ali Shokrgozar and Hosein Shahsavarani
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:94
  38. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) can attenuate the adverse effects of water deficit on plant growth. Since drought stress tolerance of bacteria has earlier been associated to biofilm formation, we a...

    Authors: Esmaeil Karimi, Nasser Aliasgharzad, Ezatollah Esfandiari, Mohammad Bagher Hassanpouraghdam, Thomas R. Neu, François Buscot, Thomas Reitz, Claudia Breitkreuz and Mika T. Tarkka
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:93
  39. Vegetative insecticidal proteins 3A (Vip3A) were important insecticidal proteins for control of lepidopteran pests. Previous study demonstrated that Vip3Aa and Vip3Ad showed significant difference in insectici...

    Authors: Bai-Wen Fu, Lian Xu, Mei-Xia Zheng, Qing-Xi Chen, Yan Shi and Yu-Jing Zhu
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:92
  40. Trichosporon asahii is a pathogenic fungus that causes deep-seated fungal infections in immunocompromised patients. Established methods for generating gene-deficient T. asahii mutants exist, but the frequency of ...

    Authors: Yasuhiko Matsumoto, Tae Nagamachi, Asami Yoshikawa, Tsuyoshi Yamada and Takashi Sugita
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:91
  41. Mucic acid, a diacid with potential use in the food, cosmetic, chemical and pharmaceutical industries, can be produced by microbial conversion of D-galacturonic acid, which is abundant in pectin. Using the ambr®2...

    Authors: Anu Tamminen, Rosaliina Turunen, Dorothee Barth, Virve Vidgren and Marilyn G. Wiebe
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:90
  42. Klebsiella pneumoniae infection and antimicrobial resistance among children are major concerns. The occurrence of hypervirulent K. pneumoniae (hvKp) infections is gradually increasing worldwide, and disinfectant ...

    Authors: Zhengjiang Jin, Zhenhui Wang, Lin Gong, Lu Yi, Nian Liu, Lan Luo and Wenting Gong
    Citation: AMB Express 2022 12:89

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