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  1. In the present study, two phyto-compounds phenyl aldehyde (cinnamaldehyde) and propanoid (eugenol) were selected to explore their modes of action against Candida albicans. Electron microscopy, flow cytometry and ...

    Authors: Mohd Sajjad Ahmad Khan, Iqbal Ahmad and Swaranjit Singh Cameotra
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:54
  2. There is increasing recognition that the healthcare environment acts as an important reservoir for transmission of healthcare acquired infections (HCAI). One method of reducing environmental contamination woul...

    Authors: Sajnu Varghese, Souad O ElFakhri, David W Sheel, Paul Sheel, Frederick J Eric Bolton and Howard A Foster
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:53
  3. The bacterial merE gene derived from the Tn21 mer operon encodes a broad-spectrum mercury transporter that governs the transport of methylmercury and mercuric ions across bacterial cytoplasmic membranes, and this...

    Authors: Yuka Sone, Ryosuke Nakamura, Hidemitsu Pan-Hou, Masa H Sato, Tomoo Itoh and Masako Kiyono
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:52
  4. Laccases are diphenol oxidases that have numerous applications to biotechnological processes. In this study, the laccase was produced from the thermophilic actinomycetes, Thermobifida fusca BCRC 19214. After 36 h...

    Authors: Cheng-Yu Chen, Yu-Chun Huang, Chien-Mei Wei, Menghsiao Meng, Wen-Hsiung Liu and Chao-Hsun Yang
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:49
  5. Abundant Jatropha waste is a promising renewable feedstock for the production of sugars and 2,3-butanediol fermentation. To obtain high yield of water-soluble products and high concentration of reducing-sugars, i...

    Authors: Li-qun Jiang, Zhen Fang, Xing-Kang Li and Jia Luo
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:48
  6. Soil bacterial composition, as influenced by biological soil disinfestation (BSD) associated with biomass incorporation was investigated to observe the effects of the treatment on the changes and recovery of t...

    Authors: Subrata Mowlick, Takashi Inoue, Toshiaki Takehara, Nobuo Kaku, Katsuji Ueki and Atsuko Ueki
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:46
  7. Antibacterial factor 2 (ABF-2) is a 67-residue antimicrobial peptide derived from the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Although it has been reported that ABF-2 exerts in vitro microbicidal activity against a rang...

    Authors: Satoshi Tomisawa, Eri Hojo, Yoshitaka Umetsu, Shinya Ohki, Yusuke Kato, Mitsuhiro Miyazawa, Mineyuki Mizuguchi, Masakatsu Kamiya, Yasuhiro Kumaki, Takashi Kikukawa, Keiichi Kawano, Makoto Demura and Tomoyasu Aizawa
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:45
  8. The anti-corrosion effect and the antimicrobial activity of lemongrass essential oil (LEO) against the planktonic and sessile growth of a sulfate reducing bacterium (SRB) were evaluated. Minimum inhibitory con...

    Authors: Elisa Korenblum, Fátima Regina de Vasconcelos Goulart, Igor de Almeida Rodrigues, Fernanda Abreu, Ulysses Lins, Péricles Barreto Alves, Arie Fitzgerald Blank, Érika Valoni, Gina V Sebastián, Daniela Sales Alviano, Celuta Sales Alviano and Lucy Seldin
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:44
  9. Proteins with putative erythrose reductase activity have been identified in the filamentous fungi Trichoderma reesei, Aspergillus niger, and Fusarium graminearum by in silico analysis. The proteins found in T. re...

    Authors: Birgit Jovanović, Robert L Mach and Astrid R Mach-Aigner
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:43
  10. Sugarcane bagasse is a potential feedstock for cellulosic ethanol production, rich in both glucan and xylan. This stresses the importance of utilizing both C6 and C5 sugars for conversion into ethanol in order to...

    Authors: Rajib Biswas, Hinrich Uellendahl and Birgitte K Ahring
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:42
  11. We report the complete nucleotide sequence of plasmid pMR68, isolated from Pseudomonas strain K-62, two plasmids contribute to broad-spectrum mercury resistance and that the mer operon from one of them (pMR26) ha...

    Authors: Yuka Sone, Yusuke Mochizuki, Keita Koizawa, Ryosuke Nakamura, Hidemitsu Pan-Hou, Tomoo Itoh and Masako Kiyono
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:41
  12. A genetically engineered strain of Pichia pastoris expressing S-adenosylmethionine synthetase gene from Saccharomyces cerevisiae under the control of AOX 1 promoter was developed. Induction of recombinant strain ...

    Authors: Venu Kamarthapu, Srinivas Ragampeta, Khareedu Venkateswara Rao and Vudem Dashavantha Reddy
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:40
  13. Recombinant protein production in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms was a key enabling technology for the rapid development of industrial and molecular biotechnology. However, despite all progress the impro...

    Authors: Felix Jakob, Christian Lehmann, Ronny Martinez and Ulrich Schwaneberg
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:39
  14. The refinement of biodiesel or renewable diesel from bacterial lipids has a great potential to make a contribution for energy production in the future. This study provides new data concerning suitable nutrient...

    Authors: Helge Jans Janßen, Mohammad H A Ibrahim, Daniel Bröker and Alexander Steinbüchel
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:38
  15. Propionibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus aureus are cutaneous pathogens that have become increasingly resistant to antibiotics. We sought to determine if chitosan, a polymer of deacetylated chitin, could be us...

    Authors: Jackson Champer, Julie Patel, Nathalie Fernando, Elaheh Salehi, Victoria Wong and Jenny Kim
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:37
  16. It is common practice to freeze dry probiotic bacteria to improve their shelf life. However, the freeze drying process itself can be detrimental to their viability. The viability of probiotics could be maintai...

    Authors: Aditya R Bhat, Victor U Irorere, Terry Bartlett, David Hill, Gopal Kedia, Mark R Morris, Dimitris Charalampopoulos and Iza Radecka
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:36
  17. The present study aims to investigate coelomocytes, immune mediators cells in the echinoderm Holothuria tubulosa, as an unusual source of antimicrobial and antibiofilm agents. The activity of the 5kDa peptide fra...

    Authors: Domenico Schillaci, Maria Grazia Cusimano, Vincenzo Cunsolo, Rosaria Saletti, Debora Russo, Mirella Vazzana, Maria Vitale and Vincenzo Arizza
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:35
  18. Efficient degradation of cellulosic biomass requires the synergistic action of the cellulolytic enzymes endoglucanase, cellobiohydrolase, and β-glucosidase. Although there are many reports describing consolida...

    Authors: Ryosuke Yamada, Yuki Nakatani, Chiaki Ogino and Akihiko Kondo
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:34
  19. The presence of several putative Baeyer-Villiger Monooxygenases (BVMOs) encoding genes in Aspergillus fumigatus Af293 was demonstrated for the first time. One of the identified BVMO-encoding genes was cloned and ...

    Authors: Maria Laura Mascotti, Maximiliano Juri Ayub, Hanna Dudek, Marcela Kurina Sanz and Marco W Fraaije
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:33

    The Erratum to this article has been published in AMB Express 2014 4:62

  20. A psychrotrophic marine strain of the ascomycetous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica (NCYC 789) synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in a cell-associated manner. These nanostructures were characterized by UV-Visible ...

    Authors: Mugdha Apte, Devashree Sambre, Shital Gaikawad, Swanand Joshi, Ashok Bankar, Ameeta Ravi Kumar and Smita Zinjarde
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:32
  21. Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells were immobilized in calcium alginate and chitosan-covered calcium alginate beads and studied in the fermentation of glucose and sucrose for ethanol production. The batch fermentati...

    Authors: Juliana C Duarte, J Augusto R Rodrigues, Paulo J S Moran, Gustavo P Valença and José R Nunhez
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:31
  22. Organohalide-respiring Desulfitobacterium strains are believed to play an important role in the bioremediation and natural attenuation of chlorinated aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons. However, several studies ...

    Authors: Taiki Futagami, Yuko Fukaki, Hidehiko Fujihara, Kaoru Takegawa, Masatoshi Goto and Kensuke Furukawa
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:30
  23. The potential of Lactobacillus johnsonii NCC 533 to metabolize chlorogenic acids from green coffee extract was investigated. Two enzymes, an esterase and a hydroxycinnamate decarboxylase (HCD), were involved in t...

    Authors: Rachid Bel-Rhlid, Dinesh Thapa, Karin Kraehenbuehl, Carl Erik Hansen and Lutz Fischer
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:28
  24. Current problems of filamentous fungi fermentations and their further successful developments as microbial cell factories are dependent on control fungal morphology. In this connection, this work explored new ...

    Authors: Verónica Leticia Colin, Mario Domingo Baigorí and Licia María Pera
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:27
  25. Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are considered essential omega-3 fatty acids in human nutrition. In marine microalgae EPA an...

    Authors: Peter Boelen, Roechama van Dijk, Jaap S Sinninghe Damsté, W Irene C Rijpstra and Anita GJ Buma
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:26
  26. In the last few years, synthesis of carrier-free immobilized biocatalysts by cross-linking of enzyme aggregates has appeared as a promising technique. Cross-linked enzyme aggregates (CLEAs) present several int...

    Authors: María del Pilar Guauque Torres, María Laura Foresti and María Luján Ferreira
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:25
  27. Streptomyces griseus DSM 2608 produces bafilomycin, an antifungal plecomacrolide antibiotic. We cloned and sequenced an 87.4-kb region, including a polyketide synthase (PKS) region, methoxymalonate genes, flaven...

    Authors: Jae Yoon Hwang, Hyo Sun Kim, Soo Hee Kim, Hye Ryeung Oh and Doo Hyun Nam
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:24
  28. Debaryomyces nepalensis, osmotolerant yeast isolated from rotten apple, is known to utilize both hexoses and pentoses and produce industrially important metabolites like ethanol, xylitol and arabitol. In the pre...

    Authors: Himabindu Kumdam, Shweta Narayana Murthy and Sathyanarayana N Gummadi
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:23
  29. Agricultural sustainability may represent the greatest encumbrance to increasing food production. On the other hand, as a component of sustainability, replacement of chemical fertilizers by bio-fertilizers has...

    Authors: Bettina Berquó Marks, Manuel Megías, Marco Antonio Nogueira and Mariangela Hungria
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:21
  30. To enhance the value-added use of methanol-containing raw glycerol derived from biodiesel fuel production, the effect of methanol supplementation on glyceric acid (GA) production by Gluconobacter spp. was investi...

    Authors: Shun Sato, Naoki Morita, Dai Kitamoto, Toshiharu Yakushi, Kazunobu Matsushita and Hiroshi Habe
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:20
  31. A fungal strain, Penicillium purpurogenum IAM 15392, produced the azaphilone Monascus pigment homolog when cultured in a medium composed of soluble starch, ammonium nitrate, yeast extract, and citrate buffer, pH ...

    Authors: Teppei Arai, Kasumi Koganei, Sara Umemura, Ryo Kojima, Jun Kato, Takafumi Kasumi and Jun Ogihara
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:19
  32. A cylindrical bioelectrochemical reactor (BER) containing carbon fiber textiles (CFT; BER + CFT) has characteristics of bioelectrochemical and packed-bed systems. In this study, utility of a cylindrical BER + ...

    Authors: Daisuke Sasaki, Kengo Sasaki, Atsushi Watanabe, Masahiko Morita, Yasuo Igarashi and Naoya Ohmura
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:17
  33. This report provides for the first time a novel environment friendly extracellular synthesis of stable silver nano-bioconjugates (SNBCs) at room temperature at pH 5.0 using Penicillium citrinum MTCC 9999 biomass....

    Authors: Achintya Mohan Goswami, Tuhin Subhra Sarkar and Sanjay Ghosh
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:16
  34. After steam pretreatment of lignocellulosic substrates the fermentation of the biomass derived sugars to ethanol is typically problematic because of both the generally low sugar concentrations that can be supp...

    Authors: Nuwan Sella Kapu, Maya Piddocke and Jack (John) N Saddler
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:15
  35. Peroxidases are oxidoreductase enzymes produced by most organisms. In this study, a peroxidase was purified from Hevea brasiliensis cell suspension by using anion exchange chromatography (DEAE-Sepharose), affinit...

    Authors: Thitikorn Chanwun, Nisaporn Muhamad, Nion Chirapongsatonkul and Nunta Churngchow
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:14
  36. A library of synthetic promoters of various strengths, specifically constructed for Streptomyces species, was cloned in the promoter-probe plasmid pIJ487, upstream of the promoter-less aphII gene that confers res...

    Authors: Nicolas Seghezzi, Marie-Joelle Virolle and Patrick Amar
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:13
  37. The aim of this research is to optimize the cultural conditions for the conversion of glycerol to ethanol by Enterobacter aerogenes S012. Taguchi method was used to screen the cultural conditions based on their s...

    Authors: Raymond E S Nwachukwu, Abolghasem Shahbazi, Lijun Wang, Mulumebet Worku, Salam Ibrahim and Keith Schimmel
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:12
  38. Silk-elastin-like polymers (SELPs) are protein-based polymers composed of repetitive amino acid sequence motifs found in silk fibroin (GAGAGS) and mammalian elastin (VPGVG). These polymers are of much interest...

    Authors: Raul Machado, João Azevedo-Silva, Cristina Correia, Tony Collins, Francisco Javier Arias, Jose Carlos Rodríguez-Cabello and Margarida Casal
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:11
  39. The extensive diversity of microalgae provides an opportunity to undertake bioprospecting for species possessing features suited to commercial scale cultivation. The outdoor cultivation of microalgae is subjec...

    Authors: Holly D Smith-Bädorf, Christopher J Chuck, Kirsty R Mokebo, Heather MacDonald, Matthew G Davidson and Rod J Scott
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:9
  40. 2,5-diketo-D-gluconic acid reductase (2,5-DKG reductase) catalyses the reduction of 2,5-diketo-D-gluconic acid (2,5-DKG) to 2-keto-L-gulonic acid (2-KLG), a direct precursor (lactone) of L-ascorbic acid (vitam...

    Authors: Vanja Kaswurm, Tien-Thanh Nguyen, Thomas Maischberger, Klaus D Kulbe and Herbert Michlmayr
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:7
  41. The repressor protein PhaR, which is a component of poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate] granules, functions as a repressor of the gene expression of the phasin PhaP and of PhaR itself. We used a quartz crystal microbalan...

    Authors: Miwa Yamada, Shuntaro Takahashi, Yoshio Okahata, Yoshiharu Doi and Keiji Numata
    Citation: AMB Express 2013 3:6

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