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  1. Content type: Original article

    Cholesterol oxidase is a bacterial flavoenzyme which catalyzes oxidation and isomerization of cholesterol. This enzyme has a great commercial value because of its wide applications in cholesterol analysis of c...

    Authors: Aliakbar Fazaeli, Abolfazl Golestani, Mostafa Lakzaei, Samaneh Sadat Rasi Varaei and Mahdi Aminian

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:183

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  2. Content type: Original article

    Selection of optimal primer pairs in 16S rRNA gene sequencing is a pivotal issue in microorganism diversity analysis. However, limited effort has been put into investigation of specific primer sets for analysi...

    Authors: Fan Wang, Xiao Men, Ge Zhang, Kaichao Liang, Yuhua Xin, Juan Wang, Aijun Li, Haibo Zhang, Haobao Liu and Lijun Wu

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:182

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  3. Content type: Original article

    The most common method for controlling plant diseases is the application of chemical pesticides and sometimes use of resistant cultivars. Due to the effects of chemical pesticides on human and environmental he...

    Authors: Mojtaba Mamarabadi, Abbas Tanhaeian and Younes Ramezany

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:180

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  4. Content type: Original article

    The current study evaluated the anti-inflammatory and anxiolytic activities of Euphorbia hirta extract in neonatal asthmatic rats. Rats were assigned to the following groups: group I, sham (normal rats); group II...

    Authors: Mingyue Xia, Ling Liu, Ruiqin Qiu, Mingli Li, Wei Huang, Gaowei Ren and Jinghui Zhang

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:179

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  5. Content type: Original article

    The glycoprotein APA (Alanine- and Proline-rich Antigen, a 45/47 kDa antigen complex, Rv1860) is considered as a major immunodominant antigen secreted by M. tuberculosis. This antigen has proved to be highly immu...

    Authors: Diego G. Módolo, Cynthia S. Horn, José S. M. Soares, José A. Yunes, Leila M. Lima, Sylvia M. de Sousa and Marcelo Menossi

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:178

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  6. Content type: Original article

    Porphyromonas gingivalis is a pathogenic Gram-negative anaerobic bacterium that colonizes the subgingival region of gums. These bacteria can invade periodontal tissues, form plaques, and produce volatile sulfur c...

    Authors: Wu Qiao, Fang Wang, Xiaochen Xu, Shujun Wang, Joe Mac Regenstein, Bin Bao and Ming Ma

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:176

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  7. Content type: Original article

    The light-harvesting protein complexes (Lhc) play key roles in the processes of light absorption and protection in diatoms. However, different Lhc protein carries out distinct function in photosynthesis. For n...

    Authors: Ting-Bin Hao, Tao Jiang, Hong-Po Dong, Lin-jian Ou, Xiang He and Yu-Feng Yang

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:174

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  8. Content type: Original article

    A cellulase producing fungus Schizophyllum commune NAIMCC-F-03379 was isolated from decomposed leaf sample of Lantana camera. The nutritional components (wheat bran, magnesium sulphate and calcium chloride concen...

    Authors: Bikash Kumar, Nisha Bhardwaj, Ansar Alam, Komal Agrawal, Himanshu Prasad and Pradeep Verma

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:173

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  9. Content type: Original article

    Enhanced treatment of ceramic-tile industry wastewater was investigated by modified coagulation–flocculation process using combination of poly-aluminum chloride (PAC) with anionic (A300), cationic polymer (C270) ...

    Authors: Tahereh Zarei Mahmudabadi, Ali Asghar Ebrahimi, Hadi Eslami, Mehdi Mokhtari, Mohammad Hossein Salmani, Mohammad Taghi Ghaneian, Morteza Mohamadzadeh and Mohsen Pakdaman

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:172

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  10. Content type: Original article

    Lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs) are copper dependent enzymes that carry out oxidative cleavage of cellulose and other polysaccharides. Aspergillus nidulans, an ascomycete fungus that contains multiple...

    Authors: Guru Jagadeeswaran, Lawrie Gainey and Andrew J. Mort

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:171

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  11. Content type: Original article

    Baculovirus is a promising vaccine deliver vector due to its biosafety profiles, gene transfer efficiency, ability to display small foreign antigens on its surface, strong adjuvant activities, etc. A dual vect...

    Authors: Irisa Trianti, Saengchai Akeprathumchai, Phenjun Mekvichitsaeng, Sansanalak Rachdawong and Kanokwan Poomputsa

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:170

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  12. Content type: Original article

    Fatty acid desaturases play a key role in producing polyunsaturated fatty acids by converting single bonds to double bonds. In the present study, a total of 13, 12, 8 and 8 candidate fatty acid desaturases gen...

    Authors: Wen Tang, Changsheng Ouyang, Lanlan Liu, Haoran Li, Chuanhui Zeng, Jie Wang, Lijun Fu, Qinqin Wu, Bin Zeng and Bin He

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:169

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  13. Content type: Original article

    The harnessing of biocatalysts from extreme environment hot spring niche for biomass conversion is significant and promising owing to the special characteristics of extremozymes attributed by intriguing biogeo...

    Authors: Sugitha Thankappan, Sujatha Kandasamy, Beslin Joshi, Ksenia N. Sorokina, Oxana P. Taran and Sivakumar Uthandi

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:168

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  14. Content type: Original article

    Cyanobacteria photosynthetically produce long-chain hydrocarbons, which are considered as infrastructure-compatible biofuels. However, native cyanobacteria do not produce these hydrocarbons at sufficient rates...

    Authors: Jaimie Gibbons, Liping Gu, Huilan Zhu, William Gibbons and Ruanbao Zhou

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:167

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  15. Content type: Original article

    The fermentation process is widely used in the industry for bioethanol production. Even though it is widely used, microbial contamination is unpredictable and difficult to control. The problem of reduced produ...

    Authors: Natália Manuela Strohmayer Lourencetti, Ivan Rodrigo Wolf, Maria Priscila Franco Lacerda, Guilherme Targino Valente, Cleslei Fernando Zanelli, Mariana Marchi Santoni, Maria José Soares Mendes-Giannini, Francisco Javier Enguita and Ana Marisa Fusco-Almeida

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:166

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  16. Content type: Original article

    Biosurfactants emulsify lipids, facilitating their exposure to microorganisms in water. Secretion of biosurfactant together with lipase can enhance oil assimilation by microorganisms. In this study, we show th...

    Authors: Xingcui Hu, Tao Cheng and Jianhua Liu

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:165

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  17. Content type: Original article

    Trace elements are essential nutrients for the growth of microorganisms and play an important role in their proliferation. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to explore the optimal C and N sources for large-s...

    Authors: Yugang Gao, Jing Liang, Ruxue Xiao, Pu Zang, Yan Zhao and Lianxue Zhang

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:164

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  18. Content type: Original article

    Fermented pork fat (sa-um) is traditionally and extensively consumed in Northeast Indian region for several decades. However, no scientific reports are available regarding its nutritional value as well as its pot...

    Authors: Surajit De Mandal, Sambanduram Samarjit Singh, Rajendra Bose Muthukumaran, Kawl Thanzami, Vinod Kumar and Nachimuthu Senthil Kumar

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:163

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  19. Content type: Original article

    Microbes have a wide range of metabolic capabilities available that makes them industrially useful organisms. Monitoring these metabolic processes is a crucial component in efficient industrial application. Un...

    Authors: Ariane L. Martin, Pongsarun Satjaritanun, Sirivatch Shimpalee, Blake A. Devivo, John Weidner, Scott Greenway, J. Michael Henson and Charles E. Turick

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:162

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  20. Content type: Original article

    The effects of inlet VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds) shifts on microbial community structure in a biofiltration system were investigated. A lab-scale biofilter was set up to treat eight VOCs sequentially. Sh...

    Authors: Lichao Lu, Guangchun Wang, Marvin Yeung, Jinying Xi and Hong-Ying Hu

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:160

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  21. Content type: Original article

    Ruminal thiamine deficiencies occur when dairy cows are overfed with high-concentrate diet, and thiamine supplementation has been proved to attenuate high-concentrate diet induced SARA. However, there is limit...

    Authors: Fuguang Xue, Xuemei Nan, Fuyu Sun, Xiaohua Pan, Yuming Guo, Linshu Jiang and Benhai Xiong

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:159

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  22. Content type: Original article

    Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) has been documented to be implicated in the pathogenesis of liver injury in the experimental models of hepatitis. However, the underlying mechanism of SEB-induced acute liver...

    Authors: Jiying Du, Xiaohua Ding, Xiaoqin Zhang, Xinyu Zhao, Huidong Shan and Fanping Wang

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:158

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  23. Content type: Original article

    Methylotrophic yeasts have widely been used as model organisms for understanding cellular functions and biochemical activities in lower eukaryotes. The gene encoding an aspartic protease (MCAP) from Mucor circine...

    Authors: Martin Kangwa, Jose Antonio Gama Salgado and Hector Marcelo Fernandez-Lahore

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:157

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  24. Content type: Original article

    Bacterial community dynamics of the ANAMMOX reactor of an integrated “UASB + SHARON + ANAMMOX” system for treating piggery wastewater were investigated using the Illumina MiSeq method with samples obtained at ...

    Authors: Qiang Huang, Wei-Li Du, Li-Li Miao, Ying Liu and Zhi-Pei Liu

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:156

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  25. Content type: Original article

    Cronobacter species previously known as Enterobacter sakazakii poses high risks to neonates and infants. In this work a rapid detection method was developed which combined loop-mediated isothermal amplification w...

    Authors: Shiqian Fu, Yujun Jiang, Xia Jiang, Yueming Zhao, Sihan Chen, Xinyan Yang and Chaoxin Man

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:155

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  26. Content type: Original article

    This study aimed to purify and characterize amyloglucosidase (AMG) from Leohumicola incrustata. AMG was purified to homogeneity from cell-free culture filtrate of an ERM fungus grown in a modified Melin–Norkrans ...

    Authors: O. R. Adeoyo, B. I. Pletschke and J. F. Dames

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:154

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  27. Content type: Original article

    In the last years, the use of probiotics, including Lactobacillus species, has received much attention to prevent and treat vaginal disorders. These species have been described as having the ability to colonize t...

    Authors: C. Gaspar, G. G. Donders, R. Palmeira-de-Oliveira, J. A. Queiroz, C. Tomaz, J. Martinez-de-Oliveira and A. Palmeira-de-Oliveira

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:153

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  28. Content type: Original article

    Enhancing lipid productivity and reducing oxidative damage is essential for lipid overproduction in microalgae. In this study, addition of 20 mg/L fulvic acid (FA) resulted a 34.4% increase of lipid yield in Schi...

    Authors: Xiao-Man Sun, Lu-Jing Ren, Xiao-Jun Ji and He Huang

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:150

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  29. Content type: Original article

    Despite their key role in numerous natural compounds, β-amino acids have rarely been studied as substrates for microbial degradation. Fermentation of the newly isolated Paraburkholderia strain BS115 and the type ...

    Authors: Oliver Buß, Sarah-Marie Dold, Pascal Obermeier, Dennis Litty, Delphine Muller, Jens Grüninger and Jens Rudat

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:149

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  30. Content type: Original article

    Identification of fungal species based on morphological characteristics is tedious, complex, prone to errors, and thus cannot be completely relied upon. In this study, internal transcribed spacers (ITS 1 and 4...

    Authors: Mobolaji Adeniyi, Yinka Titilawo, Anthonia Oluduro, Olu Odeyemi, Motebang Nakin and Anthony Ifeanyi Okoh

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:148

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  31. Content type: Original article

    Tannases can catalyze the hydrolysis of galloyl ester and depside bonds of hydrolysable tannins to release gallic acid and glucose, but tannases from different species have different substrate specificities. O...

    Authors: Dan Wang, Yao Liu, Die Lv, Xueli Hu, Qiumei Zhong, Ye Zhao and Mingbo Wu

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:147

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    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in AMB Express 2019 9:52

  32. Content type: Mini-Review

    Mushroom supplementation is an agronomic process which consists of the application of nutritional amendments to the substrates employed for mushroom cultivation. Different nitrogen and carbohydrate rich supple...

    Authors: Jaime Carrasco, Diego C. Zied, Jose E. Pardo, Gail M. Preston and Arturo Pardo-Giménez

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:146

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  33. Content type: Original article

    Most of the medicinal compounds are entered no change into municipal wastewater and more than 90% of it remains in the wastewater. Mesoporous silica is known as thermally stable materials with controllable por...

    Authors: Mohammad Hossien Salmani, Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush, Mehdi Mokhtari and Bahar Eftekhar

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:145

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  34. Content type: Original article

    With the developments in taxonomy, the classically used highly conserved 16S rRNA molecular marker has shown some disadvantages among closely related species. For further taxonomic studies of the prokaryotes, ...

    Authors: Yang Hu, Fengxian Sun and Weiying Liu

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:144

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  35. Content type: Original article

    Quinoa is a pseudocereal that contains high quality protein, minerals, vitamins, polyphenols, and phytosterols. In this study, quinoa was fermented by Rhizopus oligosporus (R. oligosporus) up to 5 days and the fu...

    Authors: Jaewon Hur, Thi Thanh Hanh Nguyen, Namhyeon Park, Jeesoo Kim and Doman Kim

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:143

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  36. Content type: Original article

    Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) is a bacterial polymer of great commercial importance due to its properties similar to polypropylene. With an aim to develop a recombinant system for economical polymer production...

    Authors: Aneesh Balakrishna Pillai, Arjun Jaya Kumar and Harikrishnan Kumarapillai

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:142

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  37. Content type: Original article

    In the present study, conditions for Bacillus mucilaginous fermentation using Agaricus bisporus wastewater as culture medium were optimized. We analyzed the total number of living B. mucilaginous in the fermentat...

    Authors: Jiafu Huang, Yixin Ou, Danfeng Zhang, Guoguang Zhang and Yutian Pan

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:141

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  38. Content type: Original article

    The discovery of aerobic and anammox bacteria capable of generating methane in bio-filters in freshwater aquaculture systems is generating interest in studies to understand the activity, diversity, distributio...

    Authors: Barry Kamira, Lei Lei Shi, Li Min Fan, Cong Zhang, Yao Zheng, Chao Song, Shun Long Meng, Geng Dong Hu, Xu Wen Bing, Zhang Jia Chen and Pao Xu

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:140

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  39. Content type: Original article

    The pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) plays an important role in the synthesis of ribonucleotides and aromatic amino acids. During bioethanol production from cellulosic biomass composed mainly of d-glucose and d-xy...

    Authors: Yosuke Kobayashi, Takehiko Sahara, Satoru Ohgiya, Yoichi Kamagata and Kazuhiro E. Fujimori

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:139

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  40. Content type: Original article

    l-Carnitine is an essential compound that shuttles long chain fatty acids into mitochondria. The objective of this study was to produce l-carnitine enriched oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) using common buck...

    Authors: Tae-kyung Lee, Thi Thanh Hanh Nguyen, Namhyeon Park, So-Hyung Kwak, Jeesoo Kim, Shina Jin, Gyu-Min Son, Jaewon Hur, Jong-In Choi and Doman Kim

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:138

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  41. Content type: Original article

    Vanillin is an aromatic aldehyde found as a component of lignocellulosic material, and in the cured pods of orchidaceae plants. Like other phenolic substances, vanillin has antimicrobial activity and can be extra...

    Authors: Jonas Rönnander, Joel Ljunggren, Erik Hedenström and Sandra Ann Ingela Wright

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:137

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  42. Content type: Original article

    Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Gram-negative bacterium found in soil and the causative agent of a severe disease in humans and animals known as melioidosis. It is intrinsically resistant to many antibiotics and h...

    Authors: Chotima Potisap, Md Abdul Wadud Khan, Atcha Boonmee, Jorge L. M. Rodrigues, Surasakdi Wongratanacheewin and Rasana W. Sermswan

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:136

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  43. Content type: Original article

    High yield recombinant protein production is highly desirable for biotechnological purposes. In the design of recombinant expression conditions, a number of essential central elements such as expression strain...

    Authors: Nasser Nassiri Koopaei, Parissa Khadiv-Parsi, Mohammad Reza Khoshayand, Mohammad Ali Mazlomi, Abbas Kebriaeezadeh, Hamid Moloudian, Roya Solhi and Mahdi Aminian

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:135

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  44. Content type: Original article

    Laccases have been reported for their ability to eliminate hazardous phenolic compounds by oxidative polymerization. The exploitation of the oxidative behavior of different laccase forms, namely free/native, f...

    Authors: Jing Su, Jennifer Noro, Jiajia Fu, Qiang Wang, Carla Silva and Artur Cavaco-Paulo

    Citation: AMB Express 2018 8:134

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