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  1. To date, the microbiological quality of river sediments and its impact on water resources are not included in the water quality monitoring assessment. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish genetic ...

    Authors: Mutshiene Deogratias Ekwanzala, Akebe Luther King Abia, Eunice Ubomba-Jaswa, Jitendra Keshri and Ndombo Benteke Maggy Momba
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:20
  2. In this study we describe the heterologous expression of the recently identified cyanobacterial pathway for long chain alkane biosynthesis, involving the reduction of fatty acyl-ACP to fatty aldehyde and the s...

    Authors: Malavika Sinha, István Weyda, Annette Sørensen, Kenneth S. Bruno and Birgitte K. Ahring
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:18
  3. Rieske non-heme iron oxygenases, which have a Rieske-type [2Fe–2S] cluster and a non-heme catalytic iron center, are an important family of oxidoreductases involved mainly in regio- and stereoselective transfo...

    Authors: Joydeep Chakraborty, Chiho Suzuki-Minakuchi, Kazunori Okada and Hideaki Nojiri
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:17
  4. Bacillus species are Gram-positive bacteria found in abundance in nature and their secondary metabolites were found to possess various potential activities, notably antimicrobial. In this...

    Authors: Patcharaporn Boottanun, Chotima Potisap, Julian G. Hurdle and Rasana W. Sermswan
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:16
  5. Stable reference genes are necessary to analyse quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) data and determine the reliability of the final results. For further studies of the valuable fungus Shira...

    Authors: Chen Zhang, Tong Li, Cheng-Lin Hou and Xiao-Ye Shen
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:14
  6. The rumen is a unique natural habitat, exhibiting an unparalleled genetic resource of fibrolytic enzymes of microbial origin that degrade plant polysaccharides. The objectives of this study were to identify th...

    Authors: V. Lyju Jose, Thulasi Appoothy, Ravi P. More and A. Sha Arun
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:13
  7. Agaricus bisporus mushrooms are commercially produced on a microbe rich compost. Here, fungal and bacterial biomass was quantified in compost with and without colonization by A. bisporus....

    Authors: Aurin M. Vos, Amber Heijboer, Henricus T. S. Boschker, Barbara Bonnet, Luis G. Lugones and Han A. B. Wösten
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:12
  8. Saxifragifolin D (SD), a traditional Chinese medicine, is a pentacyclic triterpenoid compound first isolated from Androsace umbellata. Various plant triterpenoids have been reported to exhibit antitubercular acti...

    Authors: Jia Zhou, Rui Xu, Xian-zhi Du, Xiang-dong Zhou and Qi Li
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:11
  9. Key microalgal species are currently being exploited as biomanufacturing platforms using mass cultivation systems. The opportunities to enhance productivity levels or produce non-native compounds are increasin...

    Authors: David A. Russo, Andrew P. Beckerman and Jagroop Pandhal
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:10
  10. Crude enzyme from Geotrichum candidum S12 exhibited high activity towards hexanol at pH 4.0, distinguishing it from currently known enzymes. To identify the dominant enzyme contributing to this activity, the crud...

    Authors: Jing Zhu, Kuan Lu, Xiaoguang Xu, Xinglong Wang and Junling Shi
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:9
  11. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), low-molecular-weight proteins with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, are the most promising candidates for the development of novel antimicrobials. A powerful cationic glyci...

    Authors: Md. Saifur Rahman, Yun Hee Choi, Yoon Seok Choi and Jin Cheol Yoo
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:8
  12. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are distributed ubiquitously in the environment and form metabolites toxic to most organisms. Organic amendment of PAH contaminated soil with compost and farmyard manure has pr...

    Authors: Iris K. U. Adam, Márcia Duarte, Jananan Pathmanathan, Anja Miltner, Thomas Brüls and Matthias Kästner
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:7
  13. Streptomyces kanasenisi ZX01 was found to produce a novel glycoprotein GP-1 previously, which was secreted into medium and had significant activity against tobacco mosaic virus. However, ...

    Authors: Yong Zhou, Yu-Bo Sun, Hong-Wei He, Jun-Tao Feng, Xing Zhang and Li-Rong Han
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:6
  14. Four xylanases of Cellulomonas flavigena were cloned, expressed in Escherichia coli and purified. Three enzymes (CFXyl1, CFXyl2, and CFXyl4) were from the GH10 family, while CFXyl3 was from the GH11 family. The e...

    Authors: Alexander V. Lisov, Oksana V. Belova, Zoya A. Lisova, Nataliy G. Vinokurova, Alexey S. Nagel, Zhanna I. Andreeva-Kovalevskaya, Zhanna I. Budarina, Maxim O. Nagornykh, Marina V. Zakharova, Andrey M. Shadrin, Alexander S. Solonin and Alexey A. Leontievsky
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:5
  15. (R)-3-hydroxybutyric acid can be used in industrial and health applications. The synthesis pathway comprises two enzymes, β-ketothiolase and acetoacetyl-CoA reductase which convert cytoplasmic acetyl-CoA to (R...

    Authors: Mateusz Biernacki, Jan Riechen, Urs Hähnel, Thomas Roick, Kim Baronian, Rüdiger Bode and Gotthard Kunze
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:4
  16. The concentration of total nitrogen (TN) (between 40 and 60 mg/L, mainly nitrate) in the biological and catalytic ozonation treated dyeing and finishing wastewater needs to be reduced before discharge. The pre...

    Authors: Jieting Ma, Yunlu Chen, Gang Luo, Jianxin Nie, Zhigang Guo, Yan Liu and Luming Ma
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:3
  17. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the probiotic characteristics of 15 yeast strains isolated from nectar of toddy palm. Initially, the collected samples were inoculated on yeast extract peptone dextrose...

    Authors: Banoth Srinivas, Ganapathiwar Swarupa Rani, Bhukya Kiran Kumar, Banoth Chandrasekhar, Kommalapati Vamsi Krishna, Tangutur Anjana Devi and Bhukya Bhima
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:2
  18. Clonostachys rosea is a promising biocontrol fungus active against various plant fungal pathogens. In this study, the endochitinase-encoding gene Chi67-1, the expression of which is sharp...

    Authors: Zhan-Bin Sun, Man-Hong Sun, Mo Zhou and Shi-Dong Li
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:1
  19. The study aims at revealing the comprehensive contribution of target alteration, target protection and efflux pump to the development of high level of ciprofloxacin (CIP) resistance in Enterobacteriaceae bacteria...

    Authors: Ram Prosad Chakrabarty, Munawar Sultana, Saadlee Shehreen, Selina Akter and M. Anwar Hossain
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:126
  20. The metabolic state of microflora (mixed microbial cultures) in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) is currently unclear. Metabolomic analyses were conducted of microflora growing on the anodic electrodes of MFCs oper...

    Authors: Daisuke Sasaki, Kengo Sasaki, Yota Tsuge and Akihiko Kondo
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:125
  21. Heterologous mono-rhamnolipid production by Pseudomonas putida KT2440 pSynPro8oT_rhlAB using glucose as the single carbon source was characterized in fed-batch bioreactor cultivations. For the described experimen...

    Authors: Janina Beuker, Theresa Barth, Anke Steier, Andreas Wittgens, Frank Rosenau, Marius Henkel and Rudolf Hausmann
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:124
  22. The emergence of antibiotic resistance has necessitated new therapeutic approaches to combat recalcitrant bacterial infections. Persister cells, often found in biofilms, are metabolically dormant, and thus, ar...

    Authors: Jin-Hyung Lee, Yong-Guy Kim, Giyeon Gwon, Thomas K. Wood and Jintae Lee
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:123
  23. Antimicrobial peptide has the potential to be developed as new kind of antimicrobial agents with novel action mechanism. However, the susceptibility to protease is a drawback for potential peptides to be clini...

    Authors: Yanyan Zhao, Min Zhang, Shuai Qiu, Jiayi Wang, Jinxiu Peng, Ping Zhao, Ranran Zhu, Hailin Wang, Yuan Li, Kairong Wang, Wenjin Yan and Rui Wang
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:122
  24. Biosynthesis of polysaccharide hyaluoronic acid (HA) by Streptococcus zooepidemicus is a carbon-intensive process. The carbon flux and factor(s) restricting HA yield were not well understood. Here, we investigate...

    Authors: Xuzhen Zhang, Man Wang, Tuanjie Li, Lixia Fu, Wei Cao and Hao Liu
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:121
  25. Recombinant Escherichia coli is a desirable platform for the production of many biological compounds including poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates), a class of naturally occurring biodegradable polyesters with promising bio...

    Authors: Ryan A. Scheel, Liyuan Ji, Benjamin R. Lundgren and Christopher T. Nomura
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:120
  26. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) has an N-terminal fructosyl valine on the β-chain, and this modification is caused by the non-enzymatic glycosylation of hemoglobin (Hb). The relative concentration ratio of HbA1c to total ...

    Authors: Masato Kabata, Erina Hase, Kouta Kimura, Yuka Kobayashi, Yasushi Ueno and Kazuaki Yoshimune
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:119
  27. Twelve white rot fungi (WRF) strains were screened on agar plates for their ability to bleach humic acid (HA). Four fungal strains were selected and tested in liquid media for removal of HA. Bioremediation was...

    Authors: M. Zahmatkesh, H. Spanjers, M. J. Toran, P. Blánquez and J. B. van Lier
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:118
  28. The bacterial quorum sensing signals N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) signals are able to regulate a diverse array of physiological activities, such as symbiosis, virulence and biofilm formation, depending on popu...

    Authors: Ge Ren, Anzhou Ma, Weifeng Liu, Xuliang Zhuang and Guoqiang Zhuang
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:117
  29. Phosphoketolases catalyze an energy- and redox-independent cleavage of certain sugar phosphates. Hereby, the two-carbon (C2) compound acetyl-phosphate is formed, which enzymatically can be converted into acety...

    Authors: Alexandra Bergman, Verena Siewers, Jens Nielsen and Yun Chen
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:115
  30. Fungal chitinase have tremendous applications in biotech industries, with this approach we focused on extracellular chitinase from Rhizopus stolonifer NCIM 880 for the formation of fungal protoplasts. The maximum...

    Authors: Kailas D. Sonawane, Narayan R. Dandagal, Akibjaved G. Naikwadi, Piyush T. Gurav, Samar V. Anapat, Naiem H. Nadaf, Deepak B. Jadhav and Shailesh R. Waghmare
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:114
  31. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) measures and validates the biological cleanliness of spacecraft surfaces by counting endospores using the NASA standard assay (NSA). NASA has also appro...

    Authors: James N. Benardini and Kasthuri Venkateswaran
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:113
  32. Ginsenosides are the principal compounds responsible for the pharmacological effects and health benefits of Panax ginseng root. Among protopanaxadiol (PPD)-type ginsenosides, minor ginsenosides such as ginsenosid...

    Authors: Jitendra Upadhyaya, Min-Sun Yoon, Min-Ji Kim, Nam-Soo Ryu, Young-Eun Song, Young-Hoi Kim and Myung-Kon Kim
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:112
  33. Bacterial and archaeal diversity of two alkaline Indian hot springs, Jakrem (Meghalaya) and Yumthang (Sikkim), were studied. Thirteen major bacterial phyla were identified of which Firmicutes, Chloroflexi and The...

    Authors: Amrita Kumari Panda, Satpal Singh Bisht, Surajit De Mandal and Nachimuthu Senthil Kumar
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:111
  34. Lysozyme is one kind of antimicrobial proteins and often used as feed additive which can defend against pathogenic bacteria and enhance immune function of animals. In this study, we have injected the lentivira...

    Authors: Hai Wang, Hongping Wu, Kejun Wang, Zhichen Cao, Kun Yu, Ling Lian and Zhengxing Lian
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:110
  35. Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is an opportunistic fungal infection predominantly caused by Candida albicans affecting a significant number of women of reproductive age. The Chinese medicine, the Baofukang suppos...

    Authors: Ting Li, Xiaoxi Niu, Xu Zhang, Suxia Wang and Zhaohui Liu
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:109
  36. Endo-1,4-β-d-glucanase (EG), as a key constituent of cellulase taking the responsibility of cutting β-1,4 glycosidic bonds, plays the essential role in the process of degrading cellulose by cellulase. Cloning and...

    Authors: Rong Zeng, Qiao Hu, Xiao-Yan Yin, Hao Huang, Jia-Bao Yan, Zhi-Wei Gong and Zhong-Hua Yang
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:108
  37. High-temperature ethanol fermentation has several benefits including a reduction in cooling cost, minimizing risk of bacterial contamination, and enabling simultaneous saccharification and fermentation. To ach...

    Authors: Yasin Kitichantaropas, Chuenchit Boonchird, Minetaka Sugiyama, Yoshinobu Kaneko, Satoshi Harashima and Choowong Auesukaree
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:107
  38. Alternaria sp. MG1, an endophytic fungus isolated from Vitis vinifera, can independently produce resveratrol, indicating that this species contains the key genes for resveratrol biosynthe...

    Authors: Jin-xin Che, Jun-ling Shi, Yao Lu and Yan-lin Liu
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:106
  39. Wine yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae D8) and non-Saccharomyces wine yeasts (Hanseniaspora uvarum S6 and Issatchenkia orientalis KMBL5774) were studied using air-blast drying instead of the conventional drying met...

    Authors: Sae-Byuk Lee, Won-Seok Choi, Hyun-Jung Jo, Soo-Hwan Yeo and Heui-Dong Park
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:105
  40. Biomass is abundant, renewable and useful for biofuel production as well as chemical priming for plastics and composites. Deconstruction of biomass by enzymes is perceived as recalcitrant while an inclusive br...

    Authors: Hévila Brognaro dos Santos, Thaís Milena Souza Bezerra, José G. C. Pradella, Priscila Delabona, Deise Lima, Eleni Gomes, Steve D. Hartson, Janet Rogers, Brian Couger and Rolf Prade
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:103
  41. Marine organism-derived secondary metabolites are promising potential sources for discovering environmentally safe antifouling agents. In present study, 55 marine secondary metabolites and their synthesized de...

    Authors: Chao-Yi Wang, Kai-Ling Wang, Pei-Yuan Qian, Ying Xu, Min Chen, Juan-Juan Zheng, Min Liu, Chang-Lun Shao and Chang-Yun Wang
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:102
  42. The increased threat of drug resistance has challenged the existence of several conventional and non-conventional antibiotics in the recent times. Daptomycin is a novel cyclic-lipopeptide antibiotic produced by S...

    Authors: Ipsita Chakravarty and Subir Kundu
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:101
  43. Antibiotics have been widely used for the prevention and the treatment of diseases to humans and animals, and they have fed additives for agricultural animals to promote growth. However, there is a growing con...

    Authors: Fuqin Zou, Dong Zeng, Bin Wen, Hao Sun, Yi Zhou, Mingyue Yang, Zhirong Peng, Shuai Xu, Hesong Wang, Xiangchao Fu, Dan Du, Yan Zeng, Hui Zhu, Kangcheng Pan, Bo Jing, Ping Wang…
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:100
  44. Ecotoxicological implications of mercury (Hg) pollution of hydrosphere require effective Hg-removal strategies as antidote to the environmental problems. Mercury-tolerant yeasts, Yarrowia spp. Idd1 and Idd2 strai...

    Authors: Ganiyu Oladunjoye Oyetibo, Keisuke Miyauchi, Hitoshi Suzuki and Ginro Endo
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:99
  45. The composition of mammalian intestinal microflora is related to many environmental and geographical factors, and it plays an important role in many aspects such as growth and development. Sequencing data of t...

    Authors: Yu Guan, Honghai Zhang, Xiaodong Gao, Shuai Shang, Xiaoyang Wu, Jun Chen, Wei Zhang, Weihua Zhang, Mingsheng Jiang, Baohong Zhang and Peng Chen
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:98
  46. A solubility diagram was employed to understand growth promotion of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis by steelmaking slag (SMS). The growth promotion effect of 112 % of freshwater microalga A. platensis was obtai...

    Authors: Reijiro Nogami, Haruo Nishida, Dang Diem Hong and Minato Wakisaka
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:96
  47. Trace metals are required in many cellular processes in bacteria but also induce toxic effects to cells when present in excess. As such, various forms of adaptive responses towards extracellular trace metal io...

    Authors: Teik Min Chong, Wai-Fong Yin, Jian-Woon Chen, Samuel Mondy, Catherine Grandclément, Denis Faure, Yves Dessaux and Kok-Gan Chan
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:95

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