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  1. Fungal chitinase have tremendous applications in biotech industries, with this approach we focused on extracellular chitinase from Rhizopus stolonifer NCIM 880 for the formation of fungal protoplasts. The maximum...

    Authors: Kailas D. Sonawane, Narayan R. Dandagal, Akibjaved G. Naikwadi, Piyush T. Gurav, Samar V. Anapat, Naiem H. Nadaf, Deepak B. Jadhav and Shailesh R. Waghmare
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:114
  2. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) measures and validates the biological cleanliness of spacecraft surfaces by counting endospores using the NASA standard assay (NSA). NASA has also appro...

    Authors: James N. Benardini and Kasthuri Venkateswaran
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:113
  3. Ginsenosides are the principal compounds responsible for the pharmacological effects and health benefits of Panax ginseng root. Among protopanaxadiol (PPD)-type ginsenosides, minor ginsenosides such as ginsenosid...

    Authors: Jitendra Upadhyaya, Min-Sun Yoon, Min-Ji Kim, Nam-Soo Ryu, Young-Eun Song, Young-Hoi Kim and Myung-Kon Kim
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:112
  4. Bacterial and archaeal diversity of two alkaline Indian hot springs, Jakrem (Meghalaya) and Yumthang (Sikkim), were studied. Thirteen major bacterial phyla were identified of which Firmicutes, Chloroflexi and The...

    Authors: Amrita Kumari Panda, Satpal Singh Bisht, Surajit De Mandal and Nachimuthu Senthil Kumar
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:111
  5. Lysozyme is one kind of antimicrobial proteins and often used as feed additive which can defend against pathogenic bacteria and enhance immune function of animals. In this study, we have injected the lentivira...

    Authors: Hai Wang, Hongping Wu, Kejun Wang, Zhichen Cao, Kun Yu, Ling Lian and Zhengxing Lian
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:110
  6. Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is an opportunistic fungal infection predominantly caused by Candida albicans affecting a significant number of women of reproductive age. The Chinese medicine, the Baofukang suppos...

    Authors: Ting Li, Xiaoxi Niu, Xu Zhang, Suxia Wang and Zhaohui Liu
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:109
  7. Endo-1,4-β-d-glucanase (EG), as a key constituent of cellulase taking the responsibility of cutting β-1,4 glycosidic bonds, plays the essential role in the process of degrading cellulose by cellulase. Cloning and...

    Authors: Rong Zeng, Qiao Hu, Xiao-Yan Yin, Hao Huang, Jia-Bao Yan, Zhi-Wei Gong and Zhong-Hua Yang
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:108
  8. High-temperature ethanol fermentation has several benefits including a reduction in cooling cost, minimizing risk of bacterial contamination, and enabling simultaneous saccharification and fermentation. To ach...

    Authors: Yasin Kitichantaropas, Chuenchit Boonchird, Minetaka Sugiyama, Yoshinobu Kaneko, Satoshi Harashima and Choowong Auesukaree
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:107
  9. Alternaria sp. MG1, an endophytic fungus isolated from Vitis vinifera, can independently produce resveratrol, indicating that this species contains the key genes for resveratrol biosynthe...

    Authors: Jin-xin Che, Jun-ling Shi, Yao Lu and Yan-lin Liu
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:106
  10. Wine yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae D8) and non-Saccharomyces wine yeasts (Hanseniaspora uvarum S6 and Issatchenkia orientalis KMBL5774) were studied using air-blast drying instead of the conventional drying met...

    Authors: Sae-Byuk Lee, Won-Seok Choi, Hyun-Jung Jo, Soo-Hwan Yeo and Heui-Dong Park
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:105
  11. Biomass is abundant, renewable and useful for biofuel production as well as chemical priming for plastics and composites. Deconstruction of biomass by enzymes is perceived as recalcitrant while an inclusive br...

    Authors: Hévila Brognaro dos Santos, Thaís Milena Souza Bezerra, José G. C. Pradella, Priscila Delabona, Deise Lima, Eleni Gomes, Steve D. Hartson, Janet Rogers, Brian Couger and Rolf Prade
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:103
  12. Marine organism-derived secondary metabolites are promising potential sources for discovering environmentally safe antifouling agents. In present study, 55 marine secondary metabolites and their synthesized de...

    Authors: Chao-Yi Wang, Kai-Ling Wang, Pei-Yuan Qian, Ying Xu, Min Chen, Juan-Juan Zheng, Min Liu, Chang-Lun Shao and Chang-Yun Wang
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:102
  13. The increased threat of drug resistance has challenged the existence of several conventional and non-conventional antibiotics in the recent times. Daptomycin is a novel cyclic-lipopeptide antibiotic produced by S...

    Authors: Ipsita Chakravarty and Subir Kundu
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:101
  14. Antibiotics have been widely used for the prevention and the treatment of diseases to humans and animals, and they have fed additives for agricultural animals to promote growth. However, there is a growing con...

    Authors: Fuqin Zou, Dong Zeng, Bin Wen, Hao Sun, Yi Zhou, Mingyue Yang, Zhirong Peng, Shuai Xu, Hesong Wang, Xiangchao Fu, Dan Du, Yan Zeng, Hui Zhu, Kangcheng Pan, Bo Jing, Ping Wang…
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:100
  15. Ecotoxicological implications of mercury (Hg) pollution of hydrosphere require effective Hg-removal strategies as antidote to the environmental problems. Mercury-tolerant yeasts, Yarrowia spp. Idd1 and Idd2 strai...

    Authors: Ganiyu Oladunjoye Oyetibo, Keisuke Miyauchi, Hitoshi Suzuki and Ginro Endo
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:99
  16. The composition of mammalian intestinal microflora is related to many environmental and geographical factors, and it plays an important role in many aspects such as growth and development. Sequencing data of t...

    Authors: Yu Guan, Honghai Zhang, Xiaodong Gao, Shuai Shang, Xiaoyang Wu, Jun Chen, Wei Zhang, Weihua Zhang, Mingsheng Jiang, Baohong Zhang and Peng Chen
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:98
  17. Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) [P(3HB-co-4HB)] is one of the polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) copolymers which can be degraded by lipases. In this study, the depolymerizing activity of different known com...

    Authors: Pei-Shze Mok, Diana Hooi-Ean Ch’ng, Soo-Peng Ong, Keiji Numata and Kumar Sudesh
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:97
  18. A solubility diagram was employed to understand growth promotion of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis by steelmaking slag (SMS). The growth promotion effect of 112 % of freshwater microalga A. platensis was obtai...

    Authors: Reijiro Nogami, Haruo Nishida, Dang Diem Hong and Minato Wakisaka
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:96
  19. Trace metals are required in many cellular processes in bacteria but also induce toxic effects to cells when present in excess. As such, various forms of adaptive responses towards extracellular trace metal io...

    Authors: Teik Min Chong, Wai-Fong Yin, Jian-Woon Chen, Samuel Mondy, Catherine Grandclément, Denis Faure, Yves Dessaux and Kok-Gan Chan
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:95
  20. Pyruvate plays an essential role in the central carbon metabolism of multiple organisms and is used as a raw material in the chemical, biochemical and pharmaceutical industries. To meet demand, large amounts o...

    Authors: Hironaga Akita, Nobutaka Nakashima and Tamotsu Hoshino
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:94
  21. This research was conducted to extend the knowledge on the differential regulation of laccase genes in response to dyes. In order to accomplish this, we analyzed both, the expression of five laccase genes by r...

    Authors: Verónica Garrido-Bazán, Maura Téllez-Téllez, Alfredo Herrera-Estrella, Gerardo Díaz-Godínez, Soley Nava-Galicia, Miguel Ángel Villalobos-López, Analilia Arroyo-Becerra and Martha Bibbins-Martínez
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:93
  22. The cell free extracts of Candida parapsilosis ATCC 7330 are more efficient than the whole resting cells of the yeast in the synthesis of directly usable gold nanoparticles as revealed by this systematic study. C...

    Authors: Saravanan Krishnan, Shoba Narayan and Anju Chadha
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:92
  23. Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is a life-threatening infection in immunocompromised patients, rapid and sensitive detection of Aspergillus from clinical samples has been a major challenge in the early diagnosis of I...

    Authors: Li Du, Yun Xia, Yunyan He, Qingquan Pu, Ruoyi Hua and Wenyao Wu
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:91
  24. A novel analytical system was developed to rapidly and accurately quantify total volatile organic compound (VOC) production from microbial reactor systems using a platinum catalyst and a sensitive CO2 detector. T...

    Authors: Heidi R. Schoen, Brent M. Peyton and W. Berk Knighton
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:90
  25. Mushroom cultivation is reported as an economically viable bio-technology process for conversion of various lignocellulosic wastes. Given the lack of technology know-how on the cultivation of mushroom, this st...

    Authors: Zenebe Girmay, Weldesemayat Gorems, Getachew Birhanu and Solomon Zewdie
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:87
  26. Among industrial fiber crops, jute is ranked second to cotton in terms of yield and planting area worldwide. The traditional water retting and chemical semi-degumming methods restrict the development of the ju...

    Authors: Shengwen Duan, Xiangyuan Feng, Lifeng Cheng, Yuande Peng, Ke Zheng and Zhengchu Liu
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:86
  27. Disruption of Pseudomonas putida KT2440 by high-pressure homogenization in a French press is discussed for the release of arginine deiminase (ADI). The enzyme release response of the disruption process was modell...

    Authors: Mahesh D. Patil, Gopal Patel, Balaji Surywanshi, Naeem Shaikh, Prabha Garg, Yusuf Chisti and Uttam Chand Banerjee
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:84
  28. This article reviews the varied sources of oligosaccharides available in nature as silent health promoting, integral ingredients of plants as well as animal products like honey and milk. The article focuses on...

    Authors: Seema A. Belorkar and A. K. Gupta
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:82
  29. The inactivation mechanism of photocatalytic disinfectants on bacteria is well known. In contrast, the potential inactivation of fungal spores by visible-light induced photocatalysis has been recognized, but t...

    Authors: Yilin Du, Houfeng Xiong, Shuangshi Dong, Jun Zhang, Dongmei Ma and Dandan Zhou
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:81
  30. To clarify the relative importance of pH and substrate starch level in fermentation characteristics and regulatory mechanism of Streptococcus bovis S1 in rumen acidosis, an in vitro fermentation of three levels o...

    Authors: Lianmin Chen, Shimin Liu, Hongrong Wang, Mengzhi Wang and Lihuai Yu
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:80
  31. A two-step ultrafiltration and liquid chromatography-electronic spray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC–ESI–MS/MS) were applied to investigate the nature of lipopeptides in the methanol extract harvested...

    Authors: Yunxiao Ma, Qing Kong, Chong Qin, Yulin Chen, Yujie Chen, Ruihuan Lv and Guanghui Zhou
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:79
  32. Oleaginous microorganisms can produce high amounts of oil (>20 % of their biomass) under suitable cultivation conditions. In this research work 200 samples were collected from soil, plant surfaces (leaves, flo...

    Authors: Tamene Milkessa Jiru, Dawit Abate, Nicholas Kiggundu, Carolina Pohl and Marizeth Groenewald
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:78
  33. The lytic phage ST79 of Burkholderia pseudomallei can lyse a broad range of its host including antibiotic resistant isolates from within using a set of proteins, holin, lysB, lysC and endolysin, a peptidoglycan (...

    Authors: Nittaya Khakhum, Umaporn Yordpratum, Atcha Boonmee, Unchalee Tattawasart, Jorge L. M. Rodrigues and Rasana W. Sermswan
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:77
  34. Optimization of running parameters in a bioreactor requires detailed understanding of microbial community dynamics during the startup and running periods. Using a novel piggery wastewater treatment system term...

    Authors: Wei-Li Du, Qiang Huang, Li-Li Miao, Ying Liu and Zhi-Pei Liu
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:76
  35. The increasing incidence of fungal infections and damages due to drug-resistant fungi urges the development of new antifungal strategies. The cysteine-rich antifungal proteins from filamentous ascomycetes prov...

    Authors: Liliána Tóth, Zoltán Kele, Attila Borics, László G. Nagy, Györgyi Váradi, Máté Virágh, Miklós Takó, Csaba Vágvölgyi and László Galgóczy
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:75
  36. This paper reports on the production of β-xylosidase from an unexplored yeast, Pseudozyma hubeinsis. The expression of this enzyme could be induced by beech wood xylan when the yeast was grown at 27 °C. The enzym...

    Authors: Nutan Mhetras, Susan Liddell and Digambar Gokhale
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:73
  37. The variable regions of the camel heavy chain antibody, also known as nanobody is the smallest antibody with antigen-binding efficiency. CTGF is considered important during extracellular matrix deposition whic...

    Authors: Xiulei Xue, Xiaobo Fan, Qingrong Qu and Guoqiu Wu
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:72
  38. Floridoside is a compatible solute synthesized by red algae that has attracted considerable attention due to its promising antifouling and therapeutic properties. However, research on industrial applications o...

    Authors: Marta Martinez-Garcia and Marc J. E. C. van der Maarel
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:71
  39. Callisto®, containing the active ingredient mesotrione (2-[4-methylsulfonyl-2-nitrobenzoyl]1,3-cyclohenanedione), is a selective herbicide that controls weeds in corn crops and is a potential environmental contam...

    Authors: Lilian P. Prione, Luiz R. Olchanheski, Leandro D. Tullio, Bruno C. E. Santo, Péricles M. Reche, Paula F. Martins, Giselle Carvalho, Ivo M. Demiate, Sônia A. V. Pileggi, Manuella N. Dourado, Rosilene A. Prestes, Michael J. Sadowsky, Ricardo A. Azevedo and Marcos Pileggi
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:70
  40. Elevated seawater temperature has altered the coupling between coastal primary production and heterotrophic bacterioplankton respiration. This shift, in turn, could influence the feedback of ocean ecosystem to...

    Authors: Jinbo Xiong, Shangling Xiong, Peng Qian, Demin Zhang, Lian Liu and Yuejun Fei
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:68
  41. The demand for button mushrooms of high quality is increasing. Superior button mushroom varieties require the combination of multiple traits to maximize productivity and quality. Very often these traits are co...

    Authors: Wei Gao, Johan J. P. Baars, Chris Maliepaard, Richard G. F. Visser, Jinxia Zhang and Anton S. M. Sonnenberg
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:67
  42. Mycolata form a group of Gram-positive bacteria with unique cell envelope structures that are known for their high tolerance against antibiotics and both aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons. An important part ...

    Authors: Carla C. C. R. de Carvalho, Martin A. Fischer, Sandra Kirsten, Birgit Würz, Lukas Y. Wick and Hermann J. Heipieper
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:66
  43. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are a group of important beneficial microorganisms for human, but their growth is restricted to the habitats with rich nutrients. In order to develop a simple, low-cost and efficient...

    Authors: Yancun Zhao, Ying Wang, Zhiwei Song, Chengjun Shan, Runjie Zhu and Fengquan Liu
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:65

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