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  1. The aim of the study was to determine the antioxidant activity and assess the lipophilicity and skin penetration of eugenyl chloroacetate (EChA), eugenyl dichloroacetate (EDChA), and eugenyl trichloroacetate (...

    Authors: Edyta Makuch, Anna Nowak, Andrzej Günther, Robert Pełech, Łukasz Kucharski, Wiktoria Duchnik and Adam Klimowicz

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:187

    Content type: Original article

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  2. Caseous lymphadenitis (CL) is a chronic infectious disease that affects sheep and goats. Many serological tests have been developed to detect the disease; one of the most widely used is the enzyme-linked immun...

    Authors: Antonio Pedro Fróes de Farias, José Tadeu Raynal Rocha Filho, Silvana Beutinger Marchioro, Luan Santana Moreira, Andressa Souza Marques, Maria da Conceição Aquino de Sá, Antonio Anderson dos Santos Oliveira, Maria Emília Alcântara, Ricardo Barros Mariutti, Raghuvir Krishnaswamy Arni, Soraya Castro Trindade and Roberto Meyer

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:186

    Content type: Original article

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  3. In vitro eradication of the C. albicans and S. mutans mixed biofilms by eugenol alone and in combination with the antimicrobial drugs. Previously characterized strains of C. albicans (CAJ-01 and CAJ-12) and S. mu...

    Authors: Huma Jafri, Gopa Banerjee, Mohd Sajjad Ahmad Khan, Iqbal Ahmad, Hussein Hasan Abulreesh and Abdullah Safar Althubiani

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:185

    Content type: Original article

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  4. Valorisation of food residues would greatly benefit from development of robust processes that create added value compared to current feed- and biogas applications. Recent advances in membrane-bioreactor-based ...

    Authors: Gustav Sjöberg, Martin Gustavsson and Antonius J. A. van Maris

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:184

    Content type: Original article

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  5. Ethnobotanical and ethnopharmacological studies of many Centaurea species indicated their potential in folk medicine so far. However, investigations of different Centaurea calcitrapa L. extracts in terms of cytot...

    Authors: Ivica Dimkić, Marija Petrović, Milan Gavrilović, Uroš Gašić, Petar Ristivojević, Slaviša Stanković and Peđa Janaćković

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:183

    Content type: Original article

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  6. A newly identified cellulase-producing Fusarium chlamydosporum HML278 was cultivated under solid-state fermentation of sugarcane bagasse, and two new β-glucosides enzymes (BG FH1, BG FH2) were recovered from ferm...

    Authors: Yongling Qin, Qiqian Li, Fengfeng Luo, Yue Fu and Haiyan He

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:182

    Content type: Original article

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  7. With PCR becoming one of the most important and widely-used diagnostic tools for infectious diseases of poultry, an urgent need has developed for an endogenous internal control (EIC) that monitors the quality ...

    Authors: Yaoyao Wang, Jilei Zhang, Kelly Patrick, Min Li, Jiansen Gong, Bu Xu, Qiuping Shen, Yi Yang, Lanjing Wei, Yuanyuan Zhang, Daxin Peng, Jianqiang Ye, Anil Poudel and Chengming Wang

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:181

    Content type: Original article

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  8. The Pacific white shrimp, with the largest production in shrimp industry, has suffered from multiple severe viral and bacterial diseases, which calls for a more reliable and environmentally friendly system to ...

    Authors: Shenzheng Zeng, Sukontorn Khoruamkid, Warinphorn Kongpakdee, Dongdong Wei, Lingfei Yu, Hao Wang, Zhixuan Deng, Shaoping Weng, Zhijian Huang, Jianguo He and Kriengkrai Satapornvanit

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:180

    Content type: Original article

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  9. Nigella A, also named Sieboldianoside A, has been extracted from many kinds of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), such as Nigella glandulifera, Stauntonia chinensis DC., and the leaves of Acanthopanax sieboldian...

    Authors: Xingjiang Hu, Nana Xu, Xi Yang, Xi Hu, Yunliang Zheng and Qiao Zhang

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:179

    Content type: Original article

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  10. Laccases are a class of multi-copper oxidases with important industrial values. A thermotolerant laccase produced by a basidiomycete fungal strain Cerrena unicolor CGMCC 5.1011 was studied. With glycerin and pept...

    Authors: Yanhua Yao, Guimei Zhou, Yonghui Lin, Xinqi Xu and Jie Yang

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:178

    Content type: Original article

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  11. Trametes spec. laccase (EC 1.10.3.2.) mediates the oxidative coupling of 6-aminopenicillanic, 7-aminocephalosporanic, and 7-aminodesacetoxycephalosporanic acid with 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid derivatives to form n...

    Authors: Annett Mikolasch, Elke Hammer, Sabine Witt and Ulrike Lindequist

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:177

    Content type: Original article

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  12. Biogenic amines (BAs) are low molecular weight organic bases formed by natural amino acids decarboxylation and trigger an array of toxicological effects in humans and animals. Bacterial amine oxidases enzymes ...

    Authors: Hossein Sadeghi, Sareh Arjmand, Seyed Omid Ranaei Siadat, Jamshid Fooladi and Gholamhossein Ebrahimipour

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:176

    Content type: Original article

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  13. This study investigated the protective effect of desoxyrhapontigenin (DOP) against isoflurane (ISF)-induced neuronal injury in rats. Neuronal injury was induced in pups by exposing them to 0.75% ISF on postnat...

    Authors: Feng Liang, Xin Fu, Yunpengfei Li and Fanglei Han

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:175

    Content type: Original article

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  14. Bacteria mineralization is a promising biotechnological approach to apply in biomaterials development. In this investigation, we demonstrate that Bacillus subtilis 168 induces and influences CaCO3 composites prec...

    Authors: Héctor Ferral-Pérez, Mónica Galicia-García, Bonifacio Alvarado-Tenorio, Aldo Izaguirre-Pompa and Marisela Aguirre-Ramírez

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:174

    Content type: Original article

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  15. In the last years, the acidothermophilic red microalga Galdieria sulphuraria has been increasingly studied for industrial applications such as wastewater treatment, recovery of rare earth elements, production of ...

    Authors: Dora Allegra Carbone, Giuseppe Olivieri, Antonino Pollio and Michael Melkonian

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:170

    Content type: Original article

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  16. Sable (Martes zibellina), a member of family Mustelidae, order Carnivora, is primarily distributed in the cold northern zone of Eurasia. The purpose of this study was to explore the intestinal flora of the sable ...

    Authors: Jiakuo Yan, Xiaoyang Wu, Jun Chen, Yao Chen and Honghai Zhang

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:169

    Content type: Original article

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  17. In this study the aromatic nanocolloids (CANCs) are synthesized using the noble metal silver by using Citronella extract and confirmed through physio chemical analysis. The synthesised CANCs were evaluated for...

    Authors: Ranjani Soundhararajan, Salman Al Farzi Mohamed Sheik Meeran, Shruthy Priya Prakash, Waseem Mohammad, Ruckmani Kandasamy and Hemalatha Srinivasan

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:168

    Content type: Original article

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  18. The dynamics of the community structure and composition of the dairy cow fecal bacterial communities during early lactation is unclear, therefore this study was conducted to characterize the fecal bacterial co...

    Authors: Shuai Huang, Shoukun Ji, Feiran Wang, Jie Huang, Gibson Maswayi Alugongo and Shengli Li

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:167

    Content type: Original article

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  19. An increasing number of biological and epidemiological evidence suggests that c.919-2A > G and c.2168A > G variants of solute carrier family 26, member 4 (SLC26A4) gene play a critical role in the development of ...

    Authors: Chen Zhou, Xiangman Zou, Cuiying Peng, Guoqiang Gao and Zifen Guo

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:166

    Content type: Original article

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  20. We explored how tabersonine (Tab) protected against dexamethasone (Dex)-induced osteoporosis. Osteoblasts were treated with Dex (100 µM) with or without Table (5 or 10 µM). We measured cell viability, alkaline...

    Authors: Xi Sun, Lijun Gan, Nan Li, Shuyi Sun and Na Li

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:165

    Content type: Original article

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  21. Drugs targeting the fusion process of viral entry into host cells have been approved for clinical use in the treatment of AIDS. There remains a great need to improve the use of existing drugs for HIV therapy. ...

    Authors: Jiping Shao, Debin Zeng, Shuhong Tian, Gezhi Liu and Jian Fu

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:164

    Content type: Original article

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  22. Bacillus velezensis 83 was isolated from mango tree phyllosphere of orchards located in El Rosario, Sinaloa, México. The assessment of this strain as BCA (biological control agent), as well as PGPB (plant growth-...

    Authors: Karina A. Balderas-Ruíz, Patricia Bustos, Rosa I. Santamaria, Víctor González, Sergio Andrés Cristiano-Fajardo, Salvador Barrera-Ortíz, Miriam Mezo-Villalobos, Sergio Aranda-Ocampo, Ángel Arturo Guevara-García, Enrique Galindo and Leobardo Serrano-Carreón

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:163

    Content type: Original article

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  23. Plant extracts serve as reducing and coating agents and are, therefore, commonly employed for the generation of silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs). Plant extract mediated synthesis of Ag NPs is a green, environme...

    Authors: Syuzanna Hambardzumyan, Naira Sahakyan, Margarit Petrosyan, Muhammad Jawad Nasim, Claus Jacob and Armen Trchounian

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:162

    Content type: Original article

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  24. Staphylococcal protein A (SpA) is a major virulence factor of Staphylococcus aureus. S. aureus is able to escape detection by the immune system by the surface display of protein A. The SpA protein is broadly used...

    Authors: M. Vahed, F. Ramezani, V. Tafakori, V. S. Mirbagheri, A. Najafi and G. Ahmadian

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:161

    Content type: Original article

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  25. Cytotoxicity of CuO nanoparticles (NPs) are an impediment in utilizing them as an effective nanocarriers of chemotherapeutic drugs for targeted drug delivery in nasopharyngeal cancer. In our current study, we ...

    Authors: Long-Mei Guo, Xue-Mei Xu, Dong Zhao, Xun-Gong Cai and Bin Zhou

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:160

    Content type: Original article

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  26. In the era of increased antibiotic resistance and ever-stricter control on antibiotic use, it is urgent to develop green, safe, and non-residue alternatives to antibiotics applied to the poultry industry. To t...

    Authors: Hong-Tao Shi, Bai-Yu Wang, Chuan-Zhou Bian, Ying-Qian Han and Hong-Xing Qiao

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:159

    Content type: Original article

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  27. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a condition associated with severe inflammation, cartilage destruction and degeneration of joints. Rhein (Rh) is an effective anti-inflammatory drug with proven efficacy in in-vitro and ...

    Authors: Bo Hu, Feng Gao, Chunbao Li, Boqing Zhang, Mingyang An, Ming Lu, Yufeng Liu and Yujie Liu

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:158

    Content type: Original article

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  28. Propagation conditions have been shown to be of considerable importance for the fermentation ability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The limited tolerance of yeast to inhibitors present in lignocellulosic hydrolysat...

    Authors: Marlous van Dijk, Friederike Mierke, Yvonne Nygård and Lisbeth Olsson

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:157

    Content type: Original article

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  29. Long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) LINC00525 has been shown to be upregulated in several human cancers and deduced to possess caner regulatory role. The regulation of molecular mechanics of human glioma by lncRNA-LI...

    Authors: Yilv Wan, Feng Liang, Minjun Wei and Ying Liu

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:156

    Content type: Original article

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  30. A polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) copolymer, poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) [P(3HB-co-3HV)], was biosynthesized from biphenyl as the sole carbon source using Alcaligenes (currently Achromobacter) denitri...

    Authors: Taito Yajima, Mizuki Nagatomo, Aiko Wakabayashi, Michio Sato, Seiichi Taguchi and Michihisa Maeda

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:155

    Content type: Original article

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  31. This study aimed to explore the effects of artemisinin (ART) on the milk microbiome and metabolites of dairy cow. A total of 12 mid-lactation Holstein dairy cows with similar parity, days in milk were randomly...

    Authors: Kun Hou, Jinjin Tong, Hua Zhang, Shan Gao, Yuqin Guo, Hui Niu, Benhai Xiong and Linshu Jiang

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:154

    Content type: Original article

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  32. Periplasmic oligopeptide binding protein (OppA) is part of a multimeric cytoplasmic membrane protein complex, whose function is known as peptide transporters found in Gram-negative bacteria. A chaperone-like a...

    Authors: Elena Escobar Garduño, Thomas Scior, Lucia Soto Urzúa and Luis Javier Martínez Morales

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:153

    Content type: Original article

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  33. To develop a new antiviral preparation from a microbial source, the halophilic bacterium Bacillus pumilus E303035 was isolated from a soil sample collected at Qarhan Salt Lake in Qinghai, China. The inhibitory ac...

    Authors: Shuo Shen and Wei Li

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:152

    Content type: Original article

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  34. We previously reported a monoclonal antibody (mAb), 1G8, against the neuraminidase (NA) of H9N2 avian influenza virus (AIV) with significant NA inhibitory activity. To generate a recombinant chickenized mAb (R...

    Authors: Fei Wang, Yajuan Wang, Zhimin Wan, Hongxia Shao, Kun Qian, Jianqiang Ye and Aijian Qin

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:151

    Content type: Original article

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  35. The role of miR-1179 in the development of cancer has been proved by different studies. However, the expression profile and role of miR-1179 is yet to be explored in human oral cancer. Consistently, this study...

    Authors: Yanmei Gao, Hanmei Xu and Tiemin Pu

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:149

    Content type: Original article

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  36. Mukonal is an active member of carbazole alkaloids isolated from Murraya koenigii. It has been shown to possess remarkable biological and pharmacological activities including anticancer activity. Therefore, the a...

    Authors: Wenbiao Wang, Zhengui Zhou, Xiaohong Zhou, Limin Chen, Shuang Bie and Zhengjun Jing

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:148

    Content type: Original article

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  37. To develop monovalent dengue virus-like particle for serotype 3 (DENV-LP/3), we prepared and expressed two structural polyprotein constructs using silkworm and Bm5 cells: DENV-3 Capsid-premembrane-envelope (DE...

    Authors: Doddy Irawan Setyo Utomo, Sabar Pambudi, Fithriyah Sjatha, Tatsuya Kato and Enoch Y. Park

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:147

    Content type: Original article

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  38. High temperature causes ubiquitous environmental stress to microorganisms, but studies have not fully explained whether and to what extent heat shock would affect genome stability. Hence, this study explored h...

    Authors: Li Shen, Yu-Ting Wang, Xing-Xing Tang, Ke Zhang, Pin-Mei Wang, Yang Sui and Dao-Qiong Zheng

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:146

    Content type: Original article

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  39. Three new azaphilones, sassafrin E (1), sassafrin F (2), and sassafrinamine A (3), were isolated from the filamentous fungus Aspergillus neoglaber. The structures of the compounds were determined by nuclear magne...

    Authors: Thomas Isbrandt, Jens C. Frisvad, Anja Madsen and Thomas O. Larsen

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:145

    Content type: Original article

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  40. N-glycolyl chondroitin (Gc-CN) is a metabolite of N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc), a sialic acid that is commonly found in mammals, but not humans. Humans can incorporate exogenous Neu5Gc into their tissues f...

    Authors: Adeola E. Awofiranye, Sultan N. Baytas, Ke Xia, Abinaya Badri, Wenqin He, Ajit Varki, Mattheos Koffas and Robert J. Linhardt

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:144

    Content type: Original article

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  41. Microbial colonisation of the gastrointestinal tract of newly hatched chicks starts at hatch, seeded from the immediate hatching environment, and quickly results in dense colonisation. The role of ecological f...

    Authors: Sarah Haberecht, Yadav S. Bajagai, Robert J. Moore, T. T. Hao Van and Dragana Stanley

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:143

    Content type: Original article

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  42. In the present work, a remediation bioprocess based on the use of a native isolate of Chlorella vulgaris immobilized in an alginate matrix inside a polylactic acid (PLA) device is proposed. This microalga immobil...

    Authors: Patricia Laura Marconi, Andrea Trentini, Myriam Zawoznik, Carlos Nadra, Juan Manuel Mercadé, Juan Gabriel Sánchez Novoa, Daniel Orozco and María Daniela Groppa

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:142

    Content type: Original article

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  43. Miraculin, derived from the miracle fruit (Synsepalum dulcificum), is a taste-regulating protein that interacts with human sweet-taste receptors and transforms sourness into sweet taste. Since miracle fruit is cu...

    Authors: Yun-Ji Park, Jong-Eun Han, Hyoshin Lee, Yu-Jin Jung, Hosakatte Niranjana Murthy and So-Young Park

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:140

    Content type: Original article

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  44. Lactobacillus rhamnosus p75 protein with peptidoglycan hydrolase (PGH) activity is one of the key molecules exhibiting anti-apoptotic and cell-protective activity for human intestinal epithelial cells. In this st...

    Authors: Soo Ji Kang, Ji Su Jun, Jeong A Moon and Kwang Won Hong

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:139

    Content type: Original article

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  45. Quorum quenching (QQ) blocks bacterial cell-to-cell communication (i.e., quorum sensing), and is a promising antipathogenic strategy to control bacterial infection via inhibition of virulence factor expression...

    Authors: Rui Xia, Yalin Yang, Xingliang Pan, Chenchen Gao, Yuanyuan Yao, Xuewei Liu, Tsegay Teame, Fengli Zhang, Juan Hu, Chao Ran, Zhen Zhang, Jihong Liu-Clarke and Zhigang Zhou

    Citation: AMB Express 2020 10:138

    Content type: Original article

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