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Table 1 Chemical composition (on % DM basis) of the basal diet and milk fed to Murrah buffalo calves

From: Host-specific probiotics feeding influence growth, gut microbiota, and fecal biomarkers in buffalo calves

Nutrients Calf starter (concentrate mixture) Green fodder
Maize Sorghum
DM 90.16 26.18 25.18
OM 92.80 89.62 92.59
CP 23.33 9.43 8.32
EE 4.59 2.71 1.56
NDFom 26.89 65.36 63.81
ADFom 16.73 31.55 33.38
  1. Premix provided per kilogram of concentrate: vitamin A, 15,000 IU; vitamin D, 5000 IU; vitamin E, 50 mg; Fe, 90 mg; Cu, 12.5 mg; Mn, 30 mg; Zn, 90 mg; Se, 0.3 mg; I, 1.0 mg
  2. DM dry matter, OM organic matter, CP crude matter, EE ether extract, NDFom neutral detergent fibre corrected for ash, ADFom acid detergent fibre corrected for ash
  3. *Milk composition: Whole milk (16.48% DM, 7.84% fat, 9.4% SNF), Skim milk powder (94.3% DM, 1.19% fat)
  4. Ingredients proportions (%): 29 maize, 16 soybean meal, 14 wheat bran, 14 mustard oil cake, 10 rice polish, 9 ground nut cake, 5 bajra, 2 vitamin and mineral premix, 1 salt