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Table 4 Chemical composition (%) of cinnamon and cardamom essential oils

From: Decoding antibacterial and antibiofilm properties of cinnamon and cardamom essential oils: a combined molecular docking and experimental study

Compound RIa Cinnamon Cardamom Type of compound
Styrene 907 1.08 b Other
α-Thujene 938 0.13 MH
α-Pinene 946 1.06 MH
Benzaldehyde 986 0.43 Other
Sabinene 988 3.06 MH
β-Pinene 993 0.48 MH
Myrcene 1004 1.13 MH
α-Terpinene 1033 0.29 MH
Limonene 1044 0.13 MH
1,8-cineole 1050 1.22 49.10 MO
γ-Terpinene 1075 0.55 MH
cis-Sabinene hydrate 1089 0.38 MO
Terpinolene 1101 0.20 MH
Linalool 1118 0.47 MO
trans-Sabinene hydrate 1121 0.31 MO
Terpinen-4-ol 1203 2.15 MO
α –Terpineol 1219 0.09 1.57 MO
Linalyl acetate 1265 0.33 MO
Geraniol 1271 0.92 MO
Cinnamaldehyde 1278 0.48 0.42 Other
E-Cinnamaldehyde 1321 84.23 Other
Methyl geranate 1342 0.15 MO
α -Terpinyl acetate 1370 3.51 35.54 MO
Copaene 1395 3.57 SH
Caryophyllene 1441 0.25 SH
Acetic acid, cinnamyl ester 1477 0.26 Other
α-Amorphene 1497 0.24 SH
β-Selinene 1513 0.28 SH
α-Selinene 1514 0.11 SH
α-Muurolene 1522 0.83 SH
δ-Cadinene 1541 0.90 SH
Cadine-1,4-diene 1547 0.39 SH
Nerolidol 1581 0.26 SO
α-Cadinol 1675 0.27 MO
Total identified (%)   97.99 98.77  
Monoterpenes (MT), total   5.22 97.82  
oxygenated MT   5.09 90.92  
Sesquiterpenes (ST), total   6.29 0.54  
oxygenated ST   0.26  
  1. MH monoterpene hydrocarbons, MO oxygenated monoterpenes, SH sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, SO oxygenated sesquiterpenes
  2. aKovats retention index. bBelow threshold level of < 0.01, or not detected, Levels of major compounds (≥ 2%) are marked in bold