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Table 3 Antibiofilm activity of cardamom and cinnamon essential oils and their combination on inhibition of initial bacteria cell attachment and biofilm formation (growth and development)

From: Decoding antibacterial and antibiofilm properties of cinnamon and cardamom essential oils: a combined molecular docking and experimental study

Plant EO Strain MIC value (%v/v)
Concentration
% Inhibition of bacteria attachment % Inhibition of biofilm formation
Crystal violet Crystal violet XTT
Cardamom E. coli 2.5 92 68 57
Cinnamon 0.08 100 100 99
Cardamom/Cinnamon 0.04/0.04 62 58 61
Cardamom B. subtilis 2.5 76 41 33
Cinnamon 0.63 54 55 36
Cardamom/Cinnamon 0.02/0.04 80 98 58