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Table 2 The effect of treatments on serum concentration of immunoglobulin and milk concentration of inflammation cytokine and enzyme activity

From: Impact of yeast and lactic acid bacteria on mastitis and milk microbiota composition of dairy cows

ItemsTimeTreatmentsSEMP-value
HMM + YM + LM + Y + L
IgA (ng/mL)Day08.52C8.92BC8.93BC10.31AB11.23A0.240.00
Day409.07ab9.77b8.11a9.20ab9.66b0.190.03
IgM (ng/mL)Day013.20C16.25B17.48AB19.02A18.52AB0.460.00
Day4014.04a17.34b15.04a15.94ab15.60ab0.320.01
IgG (ng/mL)Day015.64b19.48a19.82a18.39a18.98a0.470.03
Day4018.27AB20.42B16.67A15.86A16.66A0.430.00
TNF-α (pg/mL)Day085.2695.85105.39108.4796.083.170.16
Day4091.30AB117.34A82.87B87.68B80.46B3.870.01
IL-6 (pg/mL)Day080.80B97.88AB104.45AB123.08A105.37AB3.810.00
 Day4083.87AB107.90A86.30AB91.69AB59.67B4.330.00
IL-1β (pg/mL)Day0157.63b180.19ab207.53a179.76ab185.76ab4.890.02
 Day40161.612ab188.67a162.88ab160.34ab143.54b4.850.04
LDH (U/L)Day03533.73c4129.25bc6507.89a6051.62ab5130.87abc342.710.02
 Day404529.755661.564484.273954.334029.85231.520.10
ALP (U/L)Day0161.58206.63225.91227.91225.551.750.44
 Day40212.77282.17187.85170.22150.592.590.16
MPO (U/L)Day029.01b38.35ab38.89ab44.17a33.94ab1.660.04
 Day4036.38B47.06A34.11B36.67B29.50B1.650.00
NAG (U/L)Day026.21B111.13A63.48AB115.84A59.71AB8.330.00
 Day4063.72BC130.80A40.00CD84.27B27.59D8.490.00
  1. H: healthy cows without mastitis fed basal diet; M: cows with mastitis fed basal diet; M + Y: cows with mastitis fed basal diet supplemented with 8 g day−1 yeast; M + L: cows with mastitis fed basal diet supplemented with 8 g day−1 lactic acid bacteria; M + Y + L: cows with mastitis fed basal diet supplemented with 4 g day−1 yeast and 4 g day−1 lactic acid bacteria
  2. abcMeans in the same row with significant difference (P < 0.05)
  3. ABCMeans in the same row with extremely significant difference (P < 0.01)