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Table 9 Effects of sodium nitrate on microbial population in water buffaloes (log10 copies/g rumen contents)

From: Sodium nitrate has no detrimental effect on milk fatty acid profile and rumen bacterial population in water buffaloes

Species Sodium nitrate, g/kg SE P
0 0.11 0.22 0.44
Total bacteria 13.21 13.60 12.46 13.31 0.16 0.108
Protozoa 8.77 9.00 7.51 8.46 0.23 0.142
Methanogenic archaea 8.50 9.05 7.76 8.65 0.19 0.180
Fungi 7.53 7.40 7.26 7.58 0.11 0.817
B. proteoclasticus 8.75 8.77 7.92 9.21 0.17 0.087
B. fibrisolvens + Pseudobutyrivibrio spp. 7.64 7.70 7.05 8.12 0.20 0.410
Atypical Butyrivibrio 8.43ab 8.67ab 7.68a 9.27b 0.19 0.033
B. hungatei 8.05 8.33 7.21 8.40 0.19 0.154
  1. Different letters in the same row means significant differences (P < 0.05)