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Table 3 Effects of dietary ROD polyphenol extract supplementation on VFA concentration and pH of ileal digesta in finished pigs (μmol/g)

From: Dietary supplementation of red-osier dogwood polyphenol extract changes the ileal microbiota structure and increases Lactobacillus in a pig model

  Control ROD group SEM P value
Acetate 94.81 65.82 19.47 0.312
Propionate 3.99 11.59 2.65 0.045
Butyrate 12.91 9.30 3.91 0.567
Valerate 0.40 1.03 0.43 0.405
Isovalerate 1.63 1.51 0.48 0.863
Total VFA 113.76 89.47 24.29 0.486
pH 6.78 6.66 0.13 0.582
  1. VFA, volatile fatty acid
  2. SEM, standard error of the mean