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Table 1 Developmental parameters of P. aduncum during inoculation by AMFs

From: Effects of inoculation by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on the composition of the essential oil, plant growth, and lipoxygenase activity of Piper aduncum L.

dpi Treatments Evaluation parametersa
Basal stem (mm) Leaves Node Height (cm) Root (cm) Fresh weight (leaves) Fresh weight (root)
30 Control 3.9 ± 0.0 4.7 ± 0.6 4.3 ± 0.6 21.0 ± 1.7 37.7 ± 1.2 4.9 ± 0.9 4.3 ± 0.7
AMF 3.8 ± 0.2 5.3 ± 0.6 5.3 ± 0.6 30.5 ± 2.2* 44.0 ± 1.7 6.9 ± 1.1 7.5 ± 0.9*
60 Control 5.5 ± 0.9 7.3 ± 0.6 7.0 ± 1.0 37.7 ± 2.5 36.4 ± 1.1 2.2 ± 0.8 3.8 ± 0.9
AMF 6.3 ± 0.4 6.7 ± 0.6 6.7 ± 0.6 41.3 ± 1.5 30.1 ± 7.0 4.5 ± 0.2 5.2 ± 1.2
90 Control 6.1 ± 0.9 15.0 ± 1.0 16.0 ± 0.8 53.8 ± 0.9 53.3 ± 0.5 14.5 ± 1.9 7.8 ± 0.8
AMF 7.2 ± 0.7 16.3 ± 2.1 18.3 ± 0.6* 61.1 ± 4.3* 57.0 ± 1.0 17.2 ± 1.5 8.8 ± 0.4
  1. dpi: Days post inoculation; Control: P. aduncum non-inoculated with AMF; AMF: P. aduncum inoculated with AMF
  2. * Statistical difference according to Bonferroni-test (p < 0.05)
  3. aMean ± standard deviation (n = 3)