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Table 4 Zones of inhibition displayed by the formulated pastes against tested microorganisms at 20 mg/mL

From: Antimicrobial potential of toothpaste formulated from extracts of Syzygium aromaticum, Dennettia tripetala and Jatropha curcas latex against some oral pathogenic microorganisms

Toothpaste E. coli Bacillus sp. S. aureus S. epidermidis M. luteus S. mutans C. albicans S. pyogenes L. acidophilus MRSA S. aureus (ATCC 29213) P. aeruginosa (ATCC 27853) E. coli (ATCC 35218)
DenSyzJat 13.8e ± 0.58 10.00cd ± 0.00 18.00d ± 0.0 14.00e ± 0.00 17.7g ± 0.6 17.67d ± 0.58 16.30e± 0.0 10.70c ± 0.01 18.30f ± 0.02 13.90d ± 0.58 15.00e ± 0.0 11.30cd ± 0.58 12.80d ± 0.05
DenSyz 8.00c ± 0.00 8.33c ± 0.58 14.67c ± 0.58 10.83d ± 0.06 10.00d ± 0.00 9.27b ± 0.30 10.30c ± 0.0 7.30b ± 0.0 13.30d ± 0.03 10.00c ± 0.0 11.00d ± 0.0 9.70c ± 0.04 9.00c ± 0.03
SyzJat 10.00d ± 0.00 9.00c ± 0.02 15.67c ± 0.26 10.67d ± 0.06 13.00e ± 0.02 12.00c ± 0.02 12.00d ± 0.0 9.30c ± 0.0 16.00e ± 0.0 10.00c ± 0.0 13.10e ± 0.00 10.00c ± 0.0 11.30d ± 0.56
DenJat 5.00b ± 0.01 0.00a 0.00a 8.33c ± 0.58 15.00f ± 0.00 0.00a 14.40d ± 0.0 0.0a 12.70d ± 0.01 9.80c ± 0.0 9.30c ± 0.00 0.0a 8.80c ± 0.02
Syz 6.67b,c ± 0.58 0.00a 14.00c ± 0.00 10.30d ± 0.58 0.00a 7.67b ± 0.58 6.00b ± 0.0 6.30b ± 0.0 8.40c ± 0.02 7.30b ± 0.53 0.0a 7.00b ± 0.0 8.60c ± 0.54
Den 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a 4.33b ± 0.58 0.00a 6.00b ± 0.0 0.0a 8.00c ± 0.0 0.0a 6.70b ± 0.00 0.0a 0.0a
Jat 4.00b ± 0.0 4.67b ± 0.58 7.33b ± 0.58 0.00a 8.33c ± 0.58 0.00a 8.70c ± 0.2 6.60b ± 0.0 10.00d ± 0.0 8.00b ± 0.0 0.0a 7.33b ± 0.0 6.00b ± 0.00
Com A 0.00a 0.00a 6.67b ± 0.58 6.00b ± 0.00 4.00b ± 0.00 0.00a 5.00b ± 0.0 0.0a 5.00b ± 0.0 0.0a 5.00b ± 0.02 0.0a 0.0a
Com B 0.00a 0.00a 6.67b ± 0.19 6.00b ± 0.19 4.00b ± 0.19 0.00a 4.80b ± 0.0 0.0a 5.00b ± 0.0 0.0a 4.60b ± 0.02 0.0a 5.30b ± 0.02
Com C 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a 0.0a 0.0a 0.0a 0.0a 0.0a 0.0a 0.0a
Flucloxacillina 16.00f ± 0.00 8.00c ± 0.00 14.67c ± 0.58 21.00f ± 0.00 18.00g ± 0.20 16.78d ± 0.49 21.30f ± 0.0 12.3 ± 0.02d 16.60e ± 0.0 15.1 ± 0.0d 14.00e ± 0.0 7.60b ± 0.02 10.30cd ± 0.24
Glycerin 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a 0.0a 0.0a 0.0a 0.0a 0.0a 0.0a 0.0a
Distilled water 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a 0.0a 0.0a 0.0a 0.0a 0.0a 0.0a 0.0a
  1. Values are mean ± SD of replicates (n = 3), means with different letters within a column are significantly different by Duncan (P < 0.05)
  2. DenSyzJat-(Triarotex)—Dennettia tripetala, Syzygium aromaticum, and Jatropha curcas latex
  3. DenSyz-(Triaro)—Dennettia tripetala and Syzygium aromaticum as the active ingredients
  4. SyzJat(Arotex)—Syzygium aromaticum and Jatropha curcas latex as active ingredients
  5. DenJat-(Tritex)—Dennettia tripetala and Jatropha curcas latex
  6. Syz-(Aro)—Syzygium aromaticum mixture
  7. Den-(Tri)—Dennettia tripetala
  8. Jat-(Tex)—Jatropha curcas latex
  9. Placebo-without plant extracts material
  10. Commercial fluoride toothpaste—Com A
  11. Commercial herbal toothpaste—Com B
  12. Commercial ordinary toothpaste—Com C
  13. aYeast was tested against ketoconazole