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Table 3 Computer-controlled simulated digestibility of two DDGS before and after fermentation (dry matter basis)

From: Solid-state fermentation of distilled dried grain with solubles with probiotics for degrading lignocellulose and upgrading nutrient utilization

Item,  % CDDGS RDDGS
Unfermented Fermented Unfermented Fermented
Dry matter 48.17 ± 2.05b 52.24 ± 1.46a 64.48 ± 2.02 68.84 ± 2.80
Crude protein 66.80 ± 2.51b 74.34 ± 3.36a 70.05 ± 1.29b 78.72 ± 1.89a
Gross energy 54.04 ± 1.06b 60.37 ± 1.72a 66.73 ± 1.98b 73.37 ± 1.49a
Indispensable AA  
 Arg 55.02 ± 2.65b 66.43 ± 3.63a 50.38 ± 3.78 62.39 ± 1.49
 His 61.12 ± 2.04 51.66 ± 2.01 57.51 ± 1.96 57.72 ± 1.60
 Ile 48.13 ± 2.60b 62.00 ± 3.07a 48.78 ± 3.53b 64.52 ± 4.04a
 Leu 39.52 ± 2.54b 48.78 ± 1.93a 43.68 ± 3.10b 56.00 ± 2.36a
 Lys 44.78 ± 2.19b 66.34 ± 2.05a 57.35 ± 3.81b 70.27 ± 2.49a
 Met 60.52 ± 2.43 60.12 ± 1.40 56.36 ± 1.33b 60.36 ± 2.07a
 Phe 42.36 ± 1.27b 53.88 ± 1.06a 39.43 ± 3.70b 60.14 ± 2.08a
 Thr 46.59 ± 1.62b 57.46 ± 1.46a 48.78 ± 3.56b 63.53 ± 4.00a
 Val 50.00 ± 2.42b 57.98 ± 1.40a 47.27 ± 3.97b 59.16 ± 3.10a
 Average 49.71 ± 1.26b 58.81 ± 0.44a 49.95 ± 0.81b 61.57 ± 0.67a
Dispensable AA  
 Asp 38.69 ± 3.95b 48.65 ± 4.01a 49.06 ± 3.13b 61.11 ± 4.99a
 Ser 49.49 ± 2.60b 57.51 ± 1.70a 47.12 ± 3.12b 58.70 ± 1.98a
 Glu 46.90 ± 1.61 51.26 ± 2.33 49.25 ± 3.08 55.43 ± 2.76
 Gly 43.00 ± 2.04b 52.87 ± 3.20a 46.20 ± 1.56 47.05 ± 1.57
 Ala 44.85 ± 1.24b 54.12 ± 1.62a 54.96 ± 2.40b 64.80 ± 2.10a
 Cys 53.44 ± 4.34 46.67 ± 3.03 48.83 ± 3.56 43.36 ± 2.42
 Tyr 56.81 ± 1.46 59.70 ± 2.58 27.60 ± 2.78b 42.27 ± 3.90a
 Pro 36.91 ± 2.71 41.81 ± 3.57 49.50 ± 2.07 51.31 ± 2.30
 Average 46.26 ± 1.37b 51.58 ± 1.76a 46.56 ± 0.97b 52.97 ± 1.62a
Total AA 46.68 ± 1.84b 53.24 ± 1.40a 49.98 ± 3.0b 60.54 ± 3.07a
  1. Values are means of three replicates per treatment. Means in a row without common superscript differ significantly (P < 0.05)