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Table 1 Aspergillus flavus genotypes used in the current study

From: Degeneration of aflatoxin gene clusters in Aspergillus flavus from Africa and North America

  Country Substrate Groupa Genotypeb VCG Culture accession/sourcec
East Africa Kenya Maize A C6-E KN00A USDA-ARS, Tucson, USA
C C8-F KN012 USDA-ARS, Tucson, USA
B E63-I KN001 USDA-ARS, Tucson, USA
B R7-H KN011 USDA-ARS, Tucson, USA
West Africa Burkina Faso Groundnut D GO18-2 BF018 IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria
A GO67-10 BF067 IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria
Maize A M011-8 BF011 IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria
D M092-15 BF092 IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria
A M102-11 BF102 IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria
A M109-2 BF109 IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria
F M110-7 BF110 IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria
A M129-5 BF129 IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria
Nigeria Maize A Ka16127 AV16127 IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria
A La3279 AV3279 IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria
A La3304 AV3304 IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria
F Og0222 AV0222 IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria
Senegal Maize A M2-7 SN002 IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria
E M21-11 SN021 IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria
A Ms14-19 SN014 IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria
Sesame A Ss19-14 SN019 IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria
North America USA Cottonseed A AF36 YV36 NRRL 18543
Maize F AT21-A TX021 USDA-ARS, Tucson, USA
F AT4-C TX004 USDA-ARS, Tucson, USA
D AT5-B TX005 USDA-ARS, Tucson, USA
A BA16-F TX016 FGSC A2220
F BA35-C IC001 FGSC A2223
A BY18-A EC11-D USDA-ARS, Tucson, USA
F BY19-D IC001 USDA-ARS, Tucson, USA
A DO107-L TX107 USDA-ARS, Tucson, USA
D DO114-A TX114 USDA-ARS, Tucson, USA
C DO38-B TX038 FGSC A2226
F DO46-G TX046 FGSC A2229
F EC19-B TX019 USDA-ARS, Tucson, USA
A EC69-E EC69-E USDA-ARS, Tucson, USA
F NRRL21882   NRRL21882
Cottonseed   AF13 YV13 ATCC 96044
  EB01 EB01 USDA-ARS, Tucson, USA
  MR2-17 MR17 USDA-ARS, Tucson, USA
  OD02 OD02 USDA-ARS, Tucson, USA
  1. aRefers to the grouping based on aflatoxin gene cluster alignment in Fig. 1 and Neighbor-Net network in Fig. 2
  2. bIsolates from Kenya were first reported in Probst et al. (2011); isolates from Nigeria were first reported in Atehnkeng et al. (2008); AF13 and AF36 were first reported in Cotty (1989); EB01 and MR2-17 were first reported in Mehl and Cotty (2013); and OD02 was first reported in Grubisha and Cotty (2009). Rest of the isolates are first reported in this manuscript
  3. cCulture collection/source designation (IITA, The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Oyo Road, Ibadan, Nigeria; NRRL, ARS Culture Collection; FGSC, Fungal Genetics Stock Center)