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  1. Influenza viruses have periodically caused pandemic due to frequent mutation of viral proteins. Influenza viruses have two major membrane glycoproteins: hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA). Hemagglutinin...

    Authors: Ryosuke Nishioka, Atsushi Satomura, Junki Yamada, Kouichi Kuroda and Mitsuyoshi Ueda
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:8
  2. Cyanobacteria are potential hosts for the biosynthesis of oleochemical compounds. The metabolic precursors for such compounds are fatty acids and their derivatives, which require chemical activation to become ...

    Authors: Danuta Kaczmarzyk, Elton P. Hudson and Martin Fulda
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:7
  3. A fungus, Thelonectria discophora SANK 18292 (JCM 30947), produces nectrisine that has a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic 5-membered ring acting as a glycosidase inhibitor. Our previous study showed the possibil...

    Authors: Ryuki Miyauchi, Hidetaka Sakurai and Yoichiro Shiba
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:6
  4. Genes encoding the key transcription factors (TF) XlnR, ClrA and ClrB were deleted from Aspergillus niger and the resulting strains were assessed for growth on glucose and wheat straw, transcription of genes enc...

    Authors: Roxane Raulo, Matthew Kokolski and David B. Archer
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:5
  5. The utilization of inoculants containing Azospirillum is becoming more popular due to increasing reports of expressive gains in grain yields. However, incompatibility with pesticides used in seed treatments repre...

    Authors: Josiane Fukami, Marco Antonio Nogueira, Ricardo Silva Araujo and Mariangela Hungria
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:3
  6. Vibrio cholerae, the cause of seven noted pandemics, leads a dual lifecycle—one in the human host in its virulent form, and the other as a sessile, non-virulent bacterium in aquatic bodie...

    Authors: Om Prakash Chouhan, Divya Bandekar, Mousumi Hazra, Ashish Baghudana, Saugata Hazra and Sumit Biswas
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:2
  7. A novel substrate, 6-(4-nitrophenyl)dihydropyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione (pNO2PheDU), was chemically synthesized and analytically verified for the potential biocatalytic synthesis of enantiopure β-amino acids. The ...

    Authors: Christin Slomka, Sabilla Zhong, Anna Fellinger, Ulrike Engel, Christoph Syldatk, Stefan Bräse and Jens Rudat
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:85
  8. The term cellulase refers to any component of the enzymatic complex produced by some fungi, bacteria and protozoans which act serially or synergistically to catalyze the cleavage of cellulosic materials. Cellu...

    Authors: Juliana de Amorim Araújo, Túlio César Ferreira, Marciano Régis Rubini, Ana Gilhema Gomez Duran, Janice Lisboa De Marco, Lidia Maria Pepe de Moraes and Fernando Araripe Gonçalves Torres
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:84
  9. Mango, neem and shea kernels produce non-conventional oils whose potentials are not fully exploited. To give an added value to these oils, they were transesterified into biodiesel in a solvent-free system usin...

    Authors: Divine Bup Nde, Carlos Astete and Dorin Boldor
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:83
  10. Microorganisms produce a great variety of secondary metabolites that feature surface active and bioactive properties. Those possessing an amphiphilc molecular structure are also termed biosurfactant and are of...

    Authors: Johannes H. Kügler, Claudia Muhle-Goll, Silla H. Hansen, Annika R. Völp, Frank Kirschhöfer, Boris Kühl, Gerald Brenner-Weiss, Burkhard Luy, Christoph Syldatk and Rudolf Hausmann
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:82
  11. The basidiomycete Gloeophyllum trabeum KU-41 can degrade Japanese cedar wood efficiently. To construct a strain better suited for biofuel production from Japanese cedar wood, we developed a gene transformation sy...

    Authors: Misa Arimoto, Kenji Yamagishi, Jianqiao Wang, Kanade Tanaka, Takanori Miyoshi, Ichiro Kamei, Ryuichiro Kondo, Toshio Mori, Hirokazu Kawagishi and Hirofumi Hirai
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:81
  12. In this study, the recombinant α-l-arabinofuranosidase from the fungus Pleurotus ostreatus (rPoAbf) was subjected to site-directed mutagenesis in order to identify the catalytic nucleophile residue. Based on bioi...

    Authors: Antonella Amore, Alfonso Iadonisi, Florence Vincent and Vincenza Faraco
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:79
  13. Silver ions (Ag+) have strong bactericidal effects and Ag-coated medical devices proved their effectiveness in reducing infections in revision total joint arthroplasty. We quantitatively determined the antimicrob...

    Authors: Norbert Harrasser, Sebastian Jüssen, Ingo J. Banke, Ralf Kmeth, Ruediger von Eisenhart-Rothe, Bernd Stritzker, Hans Gollwitzer and Rainer Burgkart
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:77
  14. Binding of enzymes to the substrate is the first step in enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulose, a key process within biorefining. During this process elongated plant cells such as fibers and tracheids have be...

    Authors: Budi J. Hidayat, Carmen Weisskopf, Claus Felby, Katja S. Johansen and Lisbeth G. Thygesen
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:76
  15. The tolerance of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae to desiccation is important for the use of this microorganism in the wine industry, since active dry yeast (ADY) is routinely used as starter for must fermentat...

    Authors: Esther Gamero-Sandemetrio, Max Torrellas, María Teresa Rábena, Rocío Gómez-Pastor, Agustín Aranda and Emilia Matallana
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:75
  16. A library of microorganisms originating from various marine environments in French Polynesia was screened for polyhydroxyalkanoate producing bacteria. No significant connection was found between the geo-ecolo...

    Authors: P. Wecker, X. Moppert, C. Simon-Colin, B. Costa and V. Berteaux-Lecellier
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:74
  17. Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) produces insecticidal proteins that have been used worldwide in the control of insect-pests in crops and vectors of human diseases. However, different insect s...

    Authors: Sabino Pacheco, Emiliano Cantón, Fernando Zuñiga-Navarrete, Frédéric Pecorari, Alejandra Bravo and Mario Soberón
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:73
  18. Melanins are indolic polymers produced by many genera included among plants, animals and microorganisms and targeted mainly for their wide range of applications in cosmetics, agriculture and medicine. An appro...

    Authors: Nitya Meenakshi Raman, Pooja Harish Shah, Misha Mohan and Suganthi Ramasamy
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:72
  19. There is an increasing interest in the development and use of inoculants carrying plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) in crops of agronomic interest. The great majority of the inoculants commercialized worl...

    Authors: Bettina Berquó Marks, Manuel Megías, Francisco Javier Ollero, Marco Antonio Nogueira, Ricardo Silva Araujo and Mariangela Hungria
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:71
  20. The major platform for high level recombinant protein production is based on genetically modified microorganisms like Escherichia coli (E. coli) due to its short dividing time, ability to use inexpensive substrat...

    Authors: Martin Kangwa, Vikas Yelemane, Ayse Nur Polat, Kanaka Durga Devi Gorrepati, Mariano Grasselli and Marcelo Fernández-Lahore
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:70
  21. Noroviruses (NoVs) have high levels of genetic sequence diversities, which lead to difficulties in designing robust universal primers to efficiently amplify specific viral genomes for molecular analysis. We he...

    Authors: Yuan Hu, Huijun Yan, Mark Mammel and Haifeng Chen
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:69
  22. Glucose dehydrogenases (GluDH) from Bacillus species offer several advantages over other NAD(P)H regeneration systems including high stability, inexpensive substrate, thermodynamically favorable reaction and flex...

    Authors: Thunyarat Pongtharangkul, Pattra Chuekitkumchorn, Nhuengtida Suwanampa, Panwajee Payongsri, Kohsuke Honda and Watanalai Panbangred
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:68
  23. In the present study, the effect of potassium ions and increasing concentrations of glucose and xylose on the growth of a strain of Clostridium tyrobutyricum, adapted to wheat straw hydrolysate, was investigated....

    Authors: George Nabin Baroi, Ioannis V. Skiadas, Peter Westermann and Hariklia N. Gavala
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:67
  24. Prebiotics may be efficient for prevention of intestinal infections in humans and animals by increasing the levels of beneficial bacteria and thereby improving gut health. Using purified prebiotics may however...

    Authors: Mikael Lenz Strube, Tim Kåre Jensen, Anne Strunge Meyer and Mette Boye
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:66
  25. Lycopene is an import ant compound with an increasing industrial value. However, there is still no biotechnological process to obtain it. In this study, a semi-continuous system for lycopene extraction from re...

    Authors: Julia Gallego-Jara, Teresa de Diego, Álvaro del Real, Ana Écija-Conesa, Arturo Manjón and Manuel Cánovas
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:65
  26. Antibacterial coating of medical devices is a promising approach to reduce the risk of infection but has not yet been achieved on wear surfaces, e.g. polyethylene (PE). We quantitatively determined the antimi...

    Authors: Norbert Harrasser, Sebastian Jüssen, Ingo J. Banke, Ralf Kmeth, Ruediger von Eisenhart-Rothe, Bernd Stritzker, Hans Gollwitzer and Rainer Burgkart
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:64
  27. The edible white rot fungus Lentinula edodes possesses a variety of lignin degrading enzymes such as manganese peroxidases and laccases. Laccases belong to the multicopper oxidases, which have a wide range of cat...

    Authors: Yuichi Sakamoto, Keiko Nakade, Kentaro Yoshida, Satoshi Natsume, Kazuhiro Miyazaki, Shiho Sato, Arend F. van Peer and Naotake Konno
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:63
  28. Itaconic acid, an unsaturated C5-dicarboxylic acid, is a biobased building block for the polymer industry. The purpose of this study was to establish proof of principle for an anaerobic fermentation process fo...

    Authors: Kiira S. Vuoristo, Astrid E. Mars, Jose Vidal Sangra, Jan Springer, Gerrit Eggink, Johan P. M. Sanders and Ruud A. Weusthuis
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:61
  29. Antagonistic Streptomyces spp. AJ8 was isolated and identified from the Kovalam solar salt works in India. The antimicrobial NRPS cluster gene was characterized by PCR, sequencing and predict the secondary struct...

    Authors: John Selesteen Charles Adlin Jenifer, Mariathason Birdilla Selva Donio, Mariavincent Michaelbabu, Samuel Gnana Prakash Vincent and Thavasimuthu Citarasu
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:59
  30. Surfactin is one of the most promising biosurfactants due to its extraordinary surface activity. Commonly, the well-established Cooper medium, a glucose-based mineral salt medium, is utilized for the microbial...

    Authors: Judit Willenbacher, Wladimir Yeremchuk, Teresa Mohr, Christoph Syldatk and Rudolf Hausmann
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:57
  31. Zero liquid discharge is currently an objective in livestock manure management to minimize water pollution. This paper reports the start-up phase of a novel psychrophilic (20 °C) dry anaerobic digestion of dai...

    Authors: Noori M. Cata Saady and Daniel I. Massé
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:55
  32. Soluble arsenic (As) in acidic feed solution may inhibit the copper (Cu) bioleaching process within mine heaps. To clarify the effect of soluble arsenic on the live biomass and bioxidative activity in heaps, t...

    Authors: S Casas-Flores, E Y Gómez-Rodríguez and J V García-Meza
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:54
  33. Cordyceps militaris is a type of entomogenous fungi and has been widely used as a medicinal fungus in Asia. Cordycepin produced by C. militaris has also been found to protect the liver. M...

    Authors: Yu-Ping Hung, Jyh-Jye Wang, Bai-Luh Wei and Chun-Lin Lee
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:53
  34. The influence of internal mass transfer on productivity as well as the performance of packed bed bioreactor was determined by varying a number of parameters; chitosan coating, flow rate, glucose concentration ...

    Authors: Amir Hussain, Martin Kangwa, Nivedita Yumnam and Marcelo Fernandez-Lahore
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:51
  35. Rapid and specific detection of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing (ESBL) bacteria is crucial both for timely antibiotic therapy when treating infected patients as well as for appropriate infection contro...

    Authors: Yann Deccache, Leonid M Irenge, Jérôme Ambroise, Encho Savov, Dan Marinescu, Raphael B Chirimwami and Jean-Luc Gala
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:50
  36. The photosynthetic bacteria Rhodobacter sphaeroides has been studied as a functional food source; however, in this clinical study, we report for the first time its use as a treatment for atopic dermatitis. Topica...

    Authors: Nam Young Kim, Jeong Sub Cho and Hyeon Yong Lee
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:49
  37. Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB), the most abundant type of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) is synthesized inside a variety of microorganisms as a primary candidate for industrial PHB production. Lipophilic dyes such ...

    Authors: Ji Eun Choi, Hye Young Na, Taek Ho Yang, Sung-Keun Rhee and Jae Kwang Song
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:48
  38. Coagulase negative staphylococci are recognized as opportunistic pathogens and are widespread in the environment. It is possible to prevent and control infections due to these bacteria if their virulence facto...

    Authors: Seyed Mostafa Solati, Elahe Tajbakhsh, Faham Khamesipour and Harish C Gugnani
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:47
  39. Antimicrobial peptides are one of the most promising peptide-based drugs due to their enormous potential as novel biopharmaceuticals in both human and animal industries. In order to develop strategies to over...

    Authors: Kelly Cristina Mulder, Loiane Alves de Lima, Priscilla Santos Aguiar, Fábio Correa Carneiro, Octávio Luiz Franco, Simoni Campos Dias and Nádia Skorupa Parachin
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:46
  40. Recombinant antibodies are used with great success in many different diagnostic and therapeutic applications. A variety of protein expression systems are available, but nowadays almost all therapeutic antibodi...

    Authors: Ana Blanco-Toribio, Ana Álvarez-Cienfuegos, Noelia Sainz-Pastor, Nekane Merino, Marta Compte, Laura Sanz, Francisco J Blanco and Luis Álvarez-Vallina
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:45

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