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  1. Silver ions (Ag+) have strong bactericidal effects and Ag-coated medical devices proved their effectiveness in reducing infections in revision total joint arthroplasty. We quantitatively determined the antimicrob...

    Authors: Norbert Harrasser, Sebastian Jüssen, Ingo J. Banke, Ralf Kmeth, Ruediger von Eisenhart-Rothe, Bernd Stritzker, Hans Gollwitzer and Rainer Burgkart
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:77
  2. Binding of enzymes to the substrate is the first step in enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulose, a key process within biorefining. During this process elongated plant cells such as fibers and tracheids have be...

    Authors: Budi J. Hidayat, Carmen Weisskopf, Claus Felby, Katja S. Johansen and Lisbeth G. Thygesen
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:76
  3. The tolerance of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae to desiccation is important for the use of this microorganism in the wine industry, since active dry yeast (ADY) is routinely used as starter for must fermentat...

    Authors: Esther Gamero-Sandemetrio, Max Torrellas, María Teresa Rábena, Rocío Gómez-Pastor, Agustín Aranda and Emilia Matallana
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:75
  4. A library of microorganisms originating from various marine environments in French Polynesia was screened for polyhydroxyalkanoate producing bacteria. No significant connection was found between the geo-ecolo...

    Authors: P. Wecker, X. Moppert, C. Simon-Colin, B. Costa and V. Berteaux-Lecellier
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:74
  5. Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) produces insecticidal proteins that have been used worldwide in the control of insect-pests in crops and vectors of human diseases. However, different insect s...

    Authors: Sabino Pacheco, Emiliano Cantón, Fernando Zuñiga-Navarrete, Frédéric Pecorari, Alejandra Bravo and Mario Soberón
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:73
  6. Melanins are indolic polymers produced by many genera included among plants, animals and microorganisms and targeted mainly for their wide range of applications in cosmetics, agriculture and medicine. An appro...

    Authors: Nitya Meenakshi Raman, Pooja Harish Shah, Misha Mohan and Suganthi Ramasamy
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:72
  7. There is an increasing interest in the development and use of inoculants carrying plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) in crops of agronomic interest. The great majority of the inoculants commercialized worl...

    Authors: Bettina Berquó Marks, Manuel Megías, Francisco Javier Ollero, Marco Antonio Nogueira, Ricardo Silva Araujo and Mariangela Hungria
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:71
  8. The major platform for high level recombinant protein production is based on genetically modified microorganisms like Escherichia coli (E. coli) due to its short dividing time, ability to use inexpensive substrat...

    Authors: Martin Kangwa, Vikas Yelemane, Ayse Nur Polat, Kanaka Durga Devi Gorrepati, Mariano Grasselli and Marcelo Fernández-Lahore
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:70
  9. Noroviruses (NoVs) have high levels of genetic sequence diversities, which lead to difficulties in designing robust universal primers to efficiently amplify specific viral genomes for molecular analysis. We he...

    Authors: Yuan Hu, Huijun Yan, Mark Mammel and Haifeng Chen
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:69
  10. Glucose dehydrogenases (GluDH) from Bacillus species offer several advantages over other NAD(P)H regeneration systems including high stability, inexpensive substrate, thermodynamically favorable reaction and flex...

    Authors: Thunyarat Pongtharangkul, Pattra Chuekitkumchorn, Nhuengtida Suwanampa, Panwajee Payongsri, Kohsuke Honda and Watanalai Panbangred
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:68
  11. In the present study, the effect of potassium ions and increasing concentrations of glucose and xylose on the growth of a strain of Clostridium tyrobutyricum, adapted to wheat straw hydrolysate, was investigated....

    Authors: George Nabin Baroi, Ioannis V. Skiadas, Peter Westermann and Hariklia N. Gavala
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:67
  12. Prebiotics may be efficient for prevention of intestinal infections in humans and animals by increasing the levels of beneficial bacteria and thereby improving gut health. Using purified prebiotics may however...

    Authors: Mikael Lenz Strube, Tim Kåre Jensen, Anne Strunge Meyer and Mette Boye
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:66
  13. Lycopene is an import ant compound with an increasing industrial value. However, there is still no biotechnological process to obtain it. In this study, a semi-continuous system for lycopene extraction from re...

    Authors: Julia Gallego-Jara, Teresa de Diego, Álvaro del Real, Ana Écija-Conesa, Arturo Manjón and Manuel Cánovas
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:65
  14. Antibacterial coating of medical devices is a promising approach to reduce the risk of infection but has not yet been achieved on wear surfaces, e.g. polyethylene (PE). We quantitatively determined the antimi...

    Authors: Norbert Harrasser, Sebastian Jüssen, Ingo J. Banke, Ralf Kmeth, Ruediger von Eisenhart-Rothe, Bernd Stritzker, Hans Gollwitzer and Rainer Burgkart
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:64
  15. The edible white rot fungus Lentinula edodes possesses a variety of lignin degrading enzymes such as manganese peroxidases and laccases. Laccases belong to the multicopper oxidases, which have a wide range of cat...

    Authors: Yuichi Sakamoto, Keiko Nakade, Kentaro Yoshida, Satoshi Natsume, Kazuhiro Miyazaki, Shiho Sato, Arend F. van Peer and Naotake Konno
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:63
  16. Itaconic acid, an unsaturated C5-dicarboxylic acid, is a biobased building block for the polymer industry. The purpose of this study was to establish proof of principle for an anaerobic fermentation process fo...

    Authors: Kiira S. Vuoristo, Astrid E. Mars, Jose Vidal Sangra, Jan Springer, Gerrit Eggink, Johan P. M. Sanders and Ruud A. Weusthuis
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:61
  17. Antagonistic Streptomyces spp. AJ8 was isolated and identified from the Kovalam solar salt works in India. The antimicrobial NRPS cluster gene was characterized by PCR, sequencing and predict the secondary struct...

    Authors: John Selesteen Charles Adlin Jenifer, Mariathason Birdilla Selva Donio, Mariavincent Michaelbabu, Samuel Gnana Prakash Vincent and Thavasimuthu Citarasu
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:59
  18. Surfactin is one of the most promising biosurfactants due to its extraordinary surface activity. Commonly, the well-established Cooper medium, a glucose-based mineral salt medium, is utilized for the microbial...

    Authors: Judit Willenbacher, Wladimir Yeremchuk, Teresa Mohr, Christoph Syldatk and Rudolf Hausmann
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:57
  19. Zero liquid discharge is currently an objective in livestock manure management to minimize water pollution. This paper reports the start-up phase of a novel psychrophilic (20 °C) dry anaerobic digestion of dai...

    Authors: Noori M. Cata Saady and Daniel I. Massé
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:55
  20. Soluble arsenic (As) in acidic feed solution may inhibit the copper (Cu) bioleaching process within mine heaps. To clarify the effect of soluble arsenic on the live biomass and bioxidative activity in heaps, t...

    Authors: S Casas-Flores, E Y Gómez-Rodríguez and J V García-Meza
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:54
  21. Cordyceps militaris is a type of entomogenous fungi and has been widely used as a medicinal fungus in Asia. Cordycepin produced by C. militaris has also been found to protect the liver. M...

    Authors: Yu-Ping Hung, Jyh-Jye Wang, Bai-Luh Wei and Chun-Lin Lee
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:53
  22. The influence of internal mass transfer on productivity as well as the performance of packed bed bioreactor was determined by varying a number of parameters; chitosan coating, flow rate, glucose concentration ...

    Authors: Amir Hussain, Martin Kangwa, Nivedita Yumnam and Marcelo Fernandez-Lahore
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:51
  23. Rapid and specific detection of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing (ESBL) bacteria is crucial both for timely antibiotic therapy when treating infected patients as well as for appropriate infection contro...

    Authors: Yann Deccache, Leonid M Irenge, Jérôme Ambroise, Encho Savov, Dan Marinescu, Raphael B Chirimwami and Jean-Luc Gala
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:50
  24. The photosynthetic bacteria Rhodobacter sphaeroides has been studied as a functional food source; however, in this clinical study, we report for the first time its use as a treatment for atopic dermatitis. Topica...

    Authors: Nam Young Kim, Jeong Sub Cho and Hyeon Yong Lee
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:49
  25. Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB), the most abundant type of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) is synthesized inside a variety of microorganisms as a primary candidate for industrial PHB production. Lipophilic dyes such ...

    Authors: Ji Eun Choi, Hye Young Na, Taek Ho Yang, Sung-Keun Rhee and Jae Kwang Song
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:48
  26. Coagulase negative staphylococci are recognized as opportunistic pathogens and are widespread in the environment. It is possible to prevent and control infections due to these bacteria if their virulence facto...

    Authors: Seyed Mostafa Solati, Elahe Tajbakhsh, Faham Khamesipour and Harish C Gugnani
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:47
  27. Antimicrobial peptides are one of the most promising peptide-based drugs due to their enormous potential as novel biopharmaceuticals in both human and animal industries. In order to develop strategies to over...

    Authors: Kelly Cristina Mulder, Loiane Alves de Lima, Priscilla Santos Aguiar, Fábio Correa Carneiro, Octávio Luiz Franco, Simoni Campos Dias and Nádia Skorupa Parachin
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:46
  28. Recombinant antibodies are used with great success in many different diagnostic and therapeutic applications. A variety of protein expression systems are available, but nowadays almost all therapeutic antibodi...

    Authors: Ana Blanco-Toribio, Ana Álvarez-Cienfuegos, Noelia Sainz-Pastor, Nekane Merino, Marta Compte, Laura Sanz, Francisco J Blanco and Luis Álvarez-Vallina
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:45
  29. Nitrosomonas europaea was transformed with a recombinant plasmid bearing the gene (vgb) encoding the hemoglobin (VHb) from the bacterium Vitreoscilla under control of the N. europaea ...

    Authors: Stephanie A Kunkel, Krishna R Pagilla and Benjamin C Stark
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:43
  30. Synthesis of neutral lipids such as triacylglycerols (TAG) and wax esters (WE) is catalyzed in bacteria by wax ester synthase/diacylglycerol acyltransferase enzymes (WS/DGAT). We investigated the diversity of...

    Authors: Mariana P Lanfranconi, Adrián F Alvarez and Héctor M Alvarez
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:42
  31. Candida albicans is an opportunistic pathogen that causes fatal diseases in immunocompromised hosts. Host resistance against C. albicans relies on ingestion of the pathogen by macrophages...

    Authors: Nao Kitahara, Hironobu Morisaka, Wataru Aoki, Yumiko Takeda, Seiji Shibasaki, Kouichi Kuroda and Mitsuyoshi Ueda
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:41
  32. Fungus isolated from soil has been evaluated for its antimicrobial activity which showed broad spectrum antimicrobial activity against all the pathogenic microorganisms used. Optimization was done by response...

    Authors: Harpreet Kaur, Jemimah Gesare Onsare, Vishal Sharma and Daljit Singh Arora
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:40
  33. Eukaryotic green algae have become an increasingly popular platform for recombinant proteins production. In particular, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, has garnered increased attention for having the necessary bioche...

    Authors: Livia S Ferreira-Camargo, Miller Tran, Joris Beld, Michael D Burkart and Stephen P Mayfield
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:39
  34. The I100V isoform of toluene-4-monooxygenase was used to catalyze the oxidative polymerization of anthranil and various indoles under mildly acidic conditions, favoring the production of trimers. Compounds pro...

    Authors: Kevin McClay, Shahila Mehboob, Jerry Yu, Bernard D Santarsiero, Jiangping Deng, James L Cook, Hyunyoung Jeong, Michael E Johnson and Robert J Steffan
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:38
  35. The methanogenic alkanes-degrading enrichment culture which had been incubated for over 1,300 days amended with n-alkanes (C15–C20) was investigated through clone libraries of bacteria, archaea and assA, mcrA fun...

    Authors: Bo Liang, Li-Ying Wang, Serge Maurice Mbadinga, Jin-Feng Liu, Shi-Zhong Yang, Ji-Dong Gu and Bo-Zhong Mu
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:37
  36. Bioethanol production using lignocellulosic biomass generates lignocellulosic bioethanol distillery wastewater (LBDW) that contains a large amount of xylose, making it a potential inexpensive source of xylose ...

    Authors: Takashi Watanabe, Ken Suzuki, Ikuo Sato, Tomotake Morita, Hideaki Koike, Yukiko Shinozaki, Hirokazu Ueda, Motoo Koitabashi and Hiroko K Kitamoto
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:36
  37. Introducing of the DNA metabarcoding analysis of probiotic microbial communities allowed getting insight into their functioning and establishing a better control on safety and efficacy of the probiotic communi...

    Authors: Oleg N Reva, Iryna E Zaets, Leonid P Ovcharenko, Olga E Kukharenko, Switlana P Shpylova, Olga V Podolich, Jean-Pierre de Vera and Natalia O Kozyrovska
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:35
  38. A synthetic inducible operon (IbPSO) expressing alsS, ilvC, ilvD and kivD genes encoding a pathway capable to transform pyruvate into 2-isobutyraldehyde has been designed and two recombinant plasmids named pIZIbP...

    Authors: Carmen Felpeto-Santero, Antonia Rojas, Marta Tortajada, Beatriz Galán, Daniel Ramón and José L García
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:32
  39. We previously reported that poly(Asp) hydrolase-1 (PahZ1KP-2) from Pedobacter sp. KP-2 selectively, but not completely, cleaved the amide bonds between β-Asp units in thermally synthesized poly(Asp) (tPAA). In th...

    Authors: Tomohiro Hiraishi, Hideki Abe and Mizuo Maeda
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:31
  40. Styrene monooxygenases (SMOs) are flavoenzymes catalyzing the epoxidation of styrene into styrene oxide. SMOs are composed of a monooxygenase (StyA) and a reductase (StyB). The latter delivers reduced FAD to S...

    Authors: Anika Riedel, Thomas Heine, Adrie H Westphal, Catleen Conrad, Philipp Rathsack, Willem J H van Berkel and Dirk Tischler
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:30
  41. Clostridium cellulovorans is an anaerobic, cellulolytic bacterium, capable of effectively degrading and metabolizing various types of substrates, including cellulose, hemicellulose (xylan and gal...

    Authors: Shunsuke Aburaya, Kohei Esaka, Hironobu Morisaka, Kouichi Kuroda and Mitsuyoshi Ueda
    Citation: AMB Express 2015 5:29

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