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  1. Polysaccharide is efficient in attenuation of metabolic ailments and modulation of gut microbiota as prebiotics. The therapeutic effect of Inonotus obliquus polysaccharide (IOP) on chronic pancreatitis (CP) in mi...

    Authors: Yang Hu, Chunying Teng, Sumei Yu, Xin Wang, Jinsong Liang, Xin Bai, Liying Dong, Tao Song, Min Yu and Juanjuan Qu
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:39
  2. Microbes in different aged workshops play important roles in the flavor formation of Jinhua ham. However, microbial diversity, community structure and age related changes in workshops are poorly understood. Th...

    Authors: Qingfeng Ge, Yubin Gu, Wangang Zhang, Yongqi Yin, Hai Yu, Mangang Wu, Zhijun Wang and Guanghong Zhou
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:37
  3. Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris, an acidophilic and thermophilic bacteria, is an important microbial resource for stress resistance genes screening. In this study, DnaK gene from A. acid...

    Authors: Xixi Xu, Lingxia Jiao, Xin Feng, Junjian Ran, Xinhong Liang and Ruixiang Zhao
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:36
  4. Poly-3-d-hydroxybutyrate (or PHB) is a polyester which can be used in the production of biodegradable plastics from renewable resources. It is naturally produced by several bacteria as a response to nutrient star...

    Authors: Diogo J. Portugal-Nunes, Sudhanshu S. Pawar, Gunnar Lidén and Marie F. Gorwa-Grauslund
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:35
  5. Cocoa butter (CB) extracted from cocoa beans mainly consists of three different kinds of triacylglycerols (TAGs), 1,3-dipalmitoyl-2-oleoyl-glycerol (POP, C16:0–C18:1–C16:0), 1-palmitoyl-3-stearoyl-2-oleoyl-gly...

    Authors: Yongjun Wei, Michael Gossing, David Bergenholm, Verena Siewers and Jens Nielsen
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:34
  6. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is associated with tumour growth and metastasis. Because VEGF is the major player in both angiogenesis and vascular permeability and the most explored factor in angio-...

    Authors: Awatef Taktak-BenAmar, Maram Morjen, Hazem Ben Mabrouk, Rania Abdelmaksoud-Dammak, Mohamed Guerfali, Najla Fourati-Masmoudi, Naziha Marrakchi and Ali Gargouri
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:33
  7. As yeast is commonly used for RNA production, it is industrially important to breed strains with high RNA contents. The upstream activating factor (UAF) plays an important role in transcription of ribosomal RN...

    Authors: Yu Sasano, Takahiro Kariya, Shogo Usugi, Minetaka Sugiyama and Satoshi Harashima
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:32
  8. The present work had the goal of screening a batch of 20 fungal strains, isolated from sugar cane plantation soil, in order to identify those capable of biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles. These nanoparticle...

    Authors: Cristiane Angélica Ottoni, Marta Filipa Simões, Sara Fernandes, Jonas Gomes dos Santos, Elda Sabino da Silva, Rodrigo Fernando Brambilla de Souza and Alfredo Eduardo Maiorano
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:31
  9. A total of ten marine yeast strains isolated from Bohai Sea, Northern China were identified to be members of three genera Rhodosporidium, Rhodotorula, and Cryptococcus. Two representative strains Rhodosporidium T...

    Authors: Qiuzhen Wang, Yan Cui, Biswarup Sen, Wenmeng Ma, Rose Lynn Zheng, Xianhua Liu and Guangyi Wang
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:30
  10. In this study, a novel thermophilic strain was isolated from soil and used for cellulase production in submerged fermentation using potato peel as sole carbon source. The bacterium was identified by 16S rRNA g...

    Authors: Muhammad Irfan, Qudsia Mushtaq, Fouzia Tabssum, Hafiz Abdullah Shakir and Javed Iqbal Qazi
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:29
  11. The basidiospores of most Agaricomycetes are ballistospores. They are propelled off from their basidia at maturity when Buller’s drop develops at high humidity at the hilar spore appendix and fuses with a liquid ...

    Authors: Kiran Lakkireddy and Ursula Kües
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:28
  12. Enormous amounts of vegetable residues are wasted annually, causing many environmental problems due to their high moisture and organic contents. In this study, the methane production potential of 20 kinds of t...

    Authors: Hu Yan, Chen Zhao, Jiafu Zhang, Ruihong Zhang, Chunyu Xue, Guangqing Liu and Chang Chen
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:27
  13. DNA cloning is an essential tool regarding DNA recombinant technology as it allows the replication of foreign DNA fragments within a cell. pELMO was here constructed as an in-house cloning vector for rapid and...

    Authors: Andrea E. Ramos, Marina Muñoz, Darwin A. Moreno-Pérez and Manuel A. Patarroyo
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:26
  14. Nitrification activities and microbial populations of ammonium oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) were investigated in 10 full-scale biological nutrient removal wastewater treatment ...

    Authors: Qian Yao and Dang-Cong Peng
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:25
  15. Extractive fermentation in a nonionic surfactant aqueous solution provides a promising and efficient method to produce Monascus pigments. The behaviour of pigment secretion during the extractive cultivation was i...

    Authors: Gong Chen, Qi Bei, Kan Shi, Xiaofei Tian and Zhenqiang Wu
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:24
  16. Vibriosis is a major epizootic disease that impacts free-living and farmed fish species worldwide. Use of probiotics is a promising approach for prevention of Vibrio infections in aquaculture. A probiotic anti-Vi...

    Authors: Xi-Yan Gao, Ying Liu, Li-Li Miao, Er-Wei Li, Ting-Ting Hou and Zhi-Pei Liu
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:23
  17. This study investigated the effects of glutamic acid on production of monacolin K and expression of the monacolin K biosynthetic gene cluster. When Monascus M1 was grown in glutamic medium instead of in the origi...

    Authors: Chan Zhang, Jian Liang, Le Yang, Shiyuan Chai, Chenxi Zhang, Baoguo Sun and Chengtao Wang
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:22
  18. Orf is a non-systemic, ubiquitous disease of sheep and goats caused by the orf virus (ORFV). ORFV occasionally causes cutaneous lesions in humans in contact with infected animals. In the present study, a real-...

    Authors: Yong Wang, Kankan Yang, Caixia Bai, Dongdong Yin, Gang Li, Kezong Qi, Guijun Wang and Yongdong Li
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:21
  19. To date, the microbiological quality of river sediments and its impact on water resources are not included in the water quality monitoring assessment. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish genetic ...

    Authors: Mutshiene Deogratias Ekwanzala, Akebe Luther King Abia, Eunice Ubomba-Jaswa, Jitendra Keshri and Ndombo Benteke Maggy Momba
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:20
  20. Microalgae are considered to be the future promising sources of biofuels and bio products. The algal carbohydrates can be fermented to bioethanol after pretreatment process. Efficient pretreatment of the bioma...

    Authors: Muhammad Imran Khan, Moon Geon Lee, Jin Hyuk Shin and Jong Deog Kim
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:19
  21. In this study we describe the heterologous expression of the recently identified cyanobacterial pathway for long chain alkane biosynthesis, involving the reduction of fatty acyl-ACP to fatty aldehyde and the s...

    Authors: Malavika Sinha, István Weyda, Annette Sørensen, Kenneth S. Bruno and Birgitte K. Ahring
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:18
  22. Rieske non-heme iron oxygenases, which have a Rieske-type [2Fe–2S] cluster and a non-heme catalytic iron center, are an important family of oxidoreductases involved mainly in regio- and stereoselective transfo...

    Authors: Joydeep Chakraborty, Chiho Suzuki-Minakuchi, Kazunori Okada and Hideaki Nojiri
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:17
  23. Bacillus species are Gram-positive bacteria found in abundance in nature and their secondary metabolites were found to possess various potential activities, notably antimicrobial. In this...

    Authors: Patcharaporn Boottanun, Chotima Potisap, Julian G. Hurdle and Rasana W. Sermswan
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:16
  24. Stable reference genes are necessary to analyse quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) data and determine the reliability of the final results. For further studies of the valuable fungus Shira...

    Authors: Chen Zhang, Tong Li, Cheng-Lin Hou and Xiao-Ye Shen
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:14
  25. The rumen is a unique natural habitat, exhibiting an unparalleled genetic resource of fibrolytic enzymes of microbial origin that degrade plant polysaccharides. The objectives of this study were to identify th...

    Authors: V. Lyju Jose, Thulasi Appoothy, Ravi P. More and A. Sha Arun
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:13
  26. Agaricus bisporus mushrooms are commercially produced on a microbe rich compost. Here, fungal and bacterial biomass was quantified in compost with and without colonization by A. bisporus....

    Authors: Aurin M. Vos, Amber Heijboer, Henricus T. S. Boschker, Barbara Bonnet, Luis G. Lugones and Han A. B. Wösten
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:12
  27. Saxifragifolin D (SD), a traditional Chinese medicine, is a pentacyclic triterpenoid compound first isolated from Androsace umbellata. Various plant triterpenoids have been reported to exhibit antitubercular acti...

    Authors: Jia Zhou, Rui Xu, Xian-zhi Du, Xiang-dong Zhou and Qi Li
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:11
  28. Key microalgal species are currently being exploited as biomanufacturing platforms using mass cultivation systems. The opportunities to enhance productivity levels or produce non-native compounds are increasin...

    Authors: David A. Russo, Andrew P. Beckerman and Jagroop Pandhal
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:10
  29. Crude enzyme from Geotrichum candidum S12 exhibited high activity towards hexanol at pH 4.0, distinguishing it from currently known enzymes. To identify the dominant enzyme contributing to this activity, the crud...

    Authors: Jing Zhu, Kuan Lu, Xiaoguang Xu, Xinglong Wang and Junling Shi
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:9
  30. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), low-molecular-weight proteins with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, are the most promising candidates for the development of novel antimicrobials. A powerful cationic glyci...

    Authors: Md. Saifur Rahman, Yun Hee Choi, Yoon Seok Choi and Jin Cheol Yoo
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:8
  31. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are distributed ubiquitously in the environment and form metabolites toxic to most organisms. Organic amendment of PAH contaminated soil with compost and farmyard manure has pr...

    Authors: Iris K. U. Adam, Márcia Duarte, Jananan Pathmanathan, Anja Miltner, Thomas Brüls and Matthias Kästner
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:7
  32. Streptomyces kanasenisi ZX01 was found to produce a novel glycoprotein GP-1 previously, which was secreted into medium and had significant activity against tobacco mosaic virus. However, ...

    Authors: Yong Zhou, Yu-Bo Sun, Hong-Wei He, Jun-Tao Feng, Xing Zhang and Li-Rong Han
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:6
  33. Four xylanases of Cellulomonas flavigena were cloned, expressed in Escherichia coli and purified. Three enzymes (CFXyl1, CFXyl2, and CFXyl4) were from the GH10 family, while CFXyl3 was from the GH11 family. The e...

    Authors: Alexander V. Lisov, Oksana V. Belova, Zoya A. Lisova, Nataliy G. Vinokurova, Alexey S. Nagel, Zhanna I. Andreeva-Kovalevskaya, Zhanna I. Budarina, Maxim O. Nagornykh, Marina V. Zakharova, Andrey M. Shadrin, Alexander S. Solonin and Alexey A. Leontievsky
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:5
  34. (R)-3-hydroxybutyric acid can be used in industrial and health applications. The synthesis pathway comprises two enzymes, β-ketothiolase and acetoacetyl-CoA reductase which convert cytoplasmic acetyl-CoA to (R...

    Authors: Mateusz Biernacki, Jan Riechen, Urs Hähnel, Thomas Roick, Kim Baronian, Rüdiger Bode and Gotthard Kunze
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:4
  35. The concentration of total nitrogen (TN) (between 40 and 60 mg/L, mainly nitrate) in the biological and catalytic ozonation treated dyeing and finishing wastewater needs to be reduced before discharge. The pre...

    Authors: Jieting Ma, Yunlu Chen, Gang Luo, Jianxin Nie, Zhigang Guo, Yan Liu and Luming Ma
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:3
  36. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the probiotic characteristics of 15 yeast strains isolated from nectar of toddy palm. Initially, the collected samples were inoculated on yeast extract peptone dextrose...

    Authors: Banoth Srinivas, Ganapathiwar Swarupa Rani, Bhukya Kiran Kumar, Banoth Chandrasekhar, Kommalapati Vamsi Krishna, Tangutur Anjana Devi and Bhukya Bhima
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:2
  37. Clonostachys rosea is a promising biocontrol fungus active against various plant fungal pathogens. In this study, the endochitinase-encoding gene Chi67-1, the expression of which is sharp...

    Authors: Zhan-Bin Sun, Man-Hong Sun, Mo Zhou and Shi-Dong Li
    Citation: AMB Express 2017 7:1
  38. The study aims at revealing the comprehensive contribution of target alteration, target protection and efflux pump to the development of high level of ciprofloxacin (CIP) resistance in Enterobacteriaceae bacteria...

    Authors: Ram Prosad Chakrabarty, Munawar Sultana, Saadlee Shehreen, Selina Akter and M. Anwar Hossain
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:126
  39. The metabolic state of microflora (mixed microbial cultures) in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) is currently unclear. Metabolomic analyses were conducted of microflora growing on the anodic electrodes of MFCs oper...

    Authors: Daisuke Sasaki, Kengo Sasaki, Yota Tsuge and Akihiko Kondo
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:125
  40. Heterologous mono-rhamnolipid production by Pseudomonas putida KT2440 pSynPro8oT_rhlAB using glucose as the single carbon source was characterized in fed-batch bioreactor cultivations. For the described experimen...

    Authors: Janina Beuker, Theresa Barth, Anke Steier, Andreas Wittgens, Frank Rosenau, Marius Henkel and Rudolf Hausmann
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:124
  41. The emergence of antibiotic resistance has necessitated new therapeutic approaches to combat recalcitrant bacterial infections. Persister cells, often found in biofilms, are metabolically dormant, and thus, ar...

    Authors: Jin-Hyung Lee, Yong-Guy Kim, Giyeon Gwon, Thomas K. Wood and Jintae Lee
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:123
  42. Antimicrobial peptide has the potential to be developed as new kind of antimicrobial agents with novel action mechanism. However, the susceptibility to protease is a drawback for potential peptides to be clini...

    Authors: Yanyan Zhao, Min Zhang, Shuai Qiu, Jiayi Wang, Jinxiu Peng, Ping Zhao, Ranran Zhu, Hailin Wang, Yuan Li, Kairong Wang, Wenjin Yan and Rui Wang
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:122
  43. Biosynthesis of polysaccharide hyaluoronic acid (HA) by Streptococcus zooepidemicus is a carbon-intensive process. The carbon flux and factor(s) restricting HA yield were not well understood. Here, we investigate...

    Authors: Xuzhen Zhang, Man Wang, Tuanjie Li, Lixia Fu, Wei Cao and Hao Liu
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:121
  44. Recombinant Escherichia coli is a desirable platform for the production of many biological compounds including poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates), a class of naturally occurring biodegradable polyesters with promising bio...

    Authors: Ryan A. Scheel, Liyuan Ji, Benjamin R. Lundgren and Christopher T. Nomura
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:120
  45. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) has an N-terminal fructosyl valine on the β-chain, and this modification is caused by the non-enzymatic glycosylation of hemoglobin (Hb). The relative concentration ratio of HbA1c to total ...

    Authors: Masato Kabata, Erina Hase, Kouta Kimura, Yuka Kobayashi, Yasushi Ueno and Kazuaki Yoshimune
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:119
  46. Twelve white rot fungi (WRF) strains were screened on agar plates for their ability to bleach humic acid (HA). Four fungal strains were selected and tested in liquid media for removal of HA. Bioremediation was...

    Authors: M. Zahmatkesh, H. Spanjers, M. J. Toran, P. Blánquez and J. B. van Lier
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:118
  47. The bacterial quorum sensing signals N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) signals are able to regulate a diverse array of physiological activities, such as symbiosis, virulence and biofilm formation, depending on popu...

    Authors: Ge Ren, Anzhou Ma, Weifeng Liu, Xuliang Zhuang and Guoqiang Zhuang
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:117
  48. Phosphoketolases catalyze an energy- and redox-independent cleavage of certain sugar phosphates. Hereby, the two-carbon (C2) compound acetyl-phosphate is formed, which enzymatically can be converted into acety...

    Authors: Alexandra Bergman, Verena Siewers, Jens Nielsen and Yun Chen
    Citation: AMB Express 2016 6:115

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