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Table 2 Growth performance and structural measurements of Murrah buffalo calves supplemented with probiotic formulation (PF) or not (CON)

From: Host-specific probiotics feeding influence growth, gut microbiota, and fecal biomarkers in buffalo calves

Item

Treatment (Trt)1

SEM

P Value (Trt)

CON

PF

Initial BW (kg), d0

32.55

32.49

0.43

0.953

Final BW (kg), d30

37.71a

40.15b

0.56

0.011

Net gain in BW (kg)

5.16a

7.66b

0.62

0.028

2ADG (kg/d), 0–30 d

0.18a

0.26b

0.02

0.029

3ADMI (kg/d), 0–30 d

0.46a

0.51b

0.01

0.001

4Feed efficiency %

37.44

50.30

4.12

0.096

AStructural growth measurements

 Body length (cm)

55.97a

58.82b

1.41

 < 0.001

 Heart girth (cm)

80.68a

82.23b

1.23

0.003

 Wither height (cm)

72.76a

74.04b

0.98

0.001

 Hip height (cm)

74.47a

76.44b

1.02

 < 0.001

  1. BW body weight, ADG average daily gain, ADMI average dry matter intake, Trt treatment, SEM standard error of mean
  2. 1Treatments: Basal diet with no supplementation (CON), supplemented with L. reuteri BF-E7 + L. salivarius BF-17 (PF; 1 g/calf/day)
  3. abMeans bearing different letters in a row differ significantly (P < 0.05)
  4. AMean of four periodic collections; P < 0.05 was regarded as statistically significant; 2ADG = (kg of final BW—kg of initial BW)/experimental days
  5. 3ADMI = (offered DM—residual DM)/experimental days
  6. 4Feed efficiency = [Average daily gain (kg/day)/Dry matter intake (kg/day)] × 100%