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Table 2 Effects of BPS on serum biochemical indicatores of Holstein heifers

From: Effects of Broussonetia papyrifera silage on rumen fermentation parameters and microbes of Holstein heifers

Item Dietary treatment SEM Contrast
T0 T25 T50 T75 Line Quad
AST, (U/L) 37.68 52.88 48.78 48.15 2.80 0.277 0.166
ALT, (U/L) 15.00 20.30 21.50 17.13 1.28 0.504 0.073
UREA, (mmol/L) 3.44 4.84 4.72 4.82 0.24 0.057 0.151
LDH, (U/L) 655.50 891.50 893.50 895.50 47.09 0.088 0.203
ALP, (U/L) 83.48 92.33 81.65 88.13 5.87 0.956 0.928
TP, (g/L) 35.20 58.38 54.63 47.40 3.22 0.174 0.011
ALB, (g/L) 18.53 27.70 26.08 22.85 1.30 0.245 0.011
TC, (mmol/L) 1.44 1.98 1.91 1.70 0.13 0.558 0.171
T3, (nmol/L) 2.19 2.18 2.36 2.31 0.09 0.539 0.908
T4, (nmol/L) 201.18 200.03 208.25 194.98 6.87 0.881 0.695
  1. T0, 0% BPS; T25, 25% BPS; T50, 50% BPS; T75, 75% BPS; SEM, standard error of the mean. Line: linear; quad: quadratic; AST: glutamic oxalacetic transaminase; ALT: alanine aminotransferase; Urea: UREA; LDH: lactic dehydrogenase; ALP: alkaline phosphatase; TP: total protein; ALB: albumin; TC: total cholesterol; T3: triiodogenic thyrogen; T4: tetraiodothyroxine
  2. Means within the same row without the same letter superscripts are significantly