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Table 7 Effects of sodium nitrate on average relative abundance of rumen bacterial microbiota (% of total sequences) at the phylum level in water buffaloes (n = 3)

From: Sodium nitrate has no detrimental effect on milk fatty acid profile and rumen bacterial population in water buffaloes

  Phylum Relative abundance (%) P value
0 g/kg 0.11 g/kg 0.22 g/kg 0.44 g/kg
Bacteria Bacteroidetes 57.040 ± 1.264 62.240 ± 7.488 64.150 ± 12.070 62.070 ± 14.070 0.625
Firmicutes 27.890 ± 7.445 31.320 ± 6.114 19.370 ± 3.265 23.080 ± 23.08 0.184
Proteobacteria 8.628 ± 7.151 1.358 ± 1.071 9.125 ± 7.387 7.592 ± 4.690 0.206
Spirochaetae 1.163 ± 0.788 1.653 ± 0.296 1.611 ± 0.418 1.326 ± 0.537 0.746
Lentisphaerae 1.325 ± 1.453 0.797 ± 0.940 2.040 ± 0.516 1.555 ± 1.000 0.445
Cyanobacteria 1.631 ± 2.164 0.502 ± 0.429 1.618 ± 0.991 1.554 ± 1.080 0.381
Saccharibacteria 1.227 ± 0.451 0.924 ± 0.269 0.976 ± 0.803 1.450 ± 0.091 0.184
Tenericutes 0.465 ± 0.065 0.637 ± 0.221 0.398 ± 0.292 0.721 ± 0.130 0.189
Actinobacteria 0.390 ± 0.077 0.173 ± 0.114 0.422 ± 0.363 0.241 ± 0.062 0.180
Fibrobacteres 0.057 ± 0.073 0.195 ± 0.201 0.040 ± 0.055 0.041 ± 0.036 0.726
Elusimicrobia 0.033 ± 0.028 0.056 ± 0.046 0.061 ± 0.055 0.141 ± 0.092 0.449
Unclassified_k__norank 0.049 ± 0.035 0.076 ± 0.058 0.077 ± 0.059 0.072 ± 0.082 0.888
SHA-109 0.067 ± 0.101 0.041 ± 0.049 0.056 ± 0.052 0.089 ± 0.050 0.774
Verrucomicrobia 0.008 ± 0.003 0.011 ± 0.015 0.022 ± 0.034 0.029 ± 0.017 0.421
Synergistetes 0.006 ± 0.001 0.009 ± 0.008 0.027 ± 0.016 0.026 ± 0.012 0.172
Chloroflexi 0.020 ± 0.014 0.017 ± 0.011 0.010 ± 0.009 0.016 ± 0.007 0.728