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Table 4 Effects of different level sodium nitrate on ruminal fermentation parameters

From: Sodium nitrate has no detrimental effect on milk fatty acid profile and rumen bacterial population in water buffaloes

Parameter Sodium nitrate, g/kg body weight SE P
0 0.11 0.22 0.44
Ruminal pH 6.85 6.66 6.73 6.63 0.04 0.186
Acetate, mM 26.97a 35.55b 32.67b 36.97b 1.06 0.001
Propionate, mM 7.02a 8.91b 8.01ab 9.41b 0.29 0.010
Butyrate, mM 3.91a 5.76b 4.57ab 5.29b 0.20 0.003
A/P 3.93 3.99 4.09 3.98 0.06 0.871
Total VFA, mM 37.91a 50.22b 45.24ab 51.67b 1.49 0.001
NH3–N mM 22.1ab 27.1b 13.8a 24.3ab 1.5 0.022
MCP, mg/ml 0.23 0.29 0.21 0.26 0.01 0.149
  1. Different letters in the same row means significant differences (P  < 0.05)