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Table 4 Protozoa population (× 104cells/ml) of the culture medium after plant incubation

From: A study on the nutritional characteristics of some plants and their effects on ruminal microbial fermentation and protozoa population

Plant species Total protozoa Entodinium spec Diplodinium spec Epidinium spec Ophryoscolex spec Isotricha spec Dasytrichia spec
2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020
Dracocephalum moldavica L 22.0a 20.3abc 17.7abc 17.7a 1.67bc 1.07b 0.96a 0.95abc 0.33a 0.27a 0.24a 0.21bc 0.13a 0.11de
Melissa officinalis L 21.5a 21.1a 18.4a 18.0a 1.46c 1.52a 0.95a 0.95bc 0.32a 0.27a 0.24a 0.23a 0.13a 0.14a
Ruta graveolens L 21.8a 21.0ab 18.2a 18.2a 1.98ab 1.12b 0.94b 0.96a 0.33a 0.27a 0.24a 0.23ab 0.13a 0.13ab
Perovskia abrotanoides Kar 15.6c 16.7d 14.4d 14.6b 0.11f 0.70c 0.69d 0.91bc 0.15c 0.21b 0.15c 0.19d 0.11b 0.11e
Cichorium intybus L 18.3b 18.6c 16.2c 16.1ab 0.69de 0.99b 0.87c 0.91bc 0.27b 0.23ab 0.20b 0.20cd 0.11b 0.12bcde
Borago officinalis L 21.9a 20.2abc 18.0ab 17.2a 2.16a 1.52a 0.98a 0.96ab 0.34a 0.25ab 0.25a 0.22abc 0.14a 0.13abc
Peganum harmala L 18.9b 19.1bc 16.6bc 16.6ab 0.74d 0.96b 0.89bc 0.94abc 0.28b 0.25ab 0.21b 0.21abc 0.11b 0.13abcd
Teucrium polium L 18.0bc 18.6c 16.2c 16.0ab 0.35ef 1.10b 0.88c 0.91c 0.27b 0.24ab 0.20b 0.20cd 0.11b 0.12cde
Medicago sativa 22.6a 21.6a 18.9a 18.4a 2.07a 1.55a 0.96a 0.97a 0.33a 0.27a 0.24a 0.23ab 0.13a 0.14a
SEM 0.46 0.30 0.27 0.30 0.13 0.053 0.015 0.006 0.010 0.005 0.006 0.003 0.002 0.002
p-value  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001 0.021  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001 0.019  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001 0.0006
  1. Means with different letters among the same row indicate significant differences according to the p-value presented
  2. SEM standard error of the mean