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Table 1 Chemical composition (% of dry matter) of some plant species in 2019 and 2020

From: A study on the nutritional characteristics of some plants and their effects on ruminal microbial fermentation and protozoa population

Plant species DM CP NDF ADF ADL Ash EE NFC
2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020
Dracocephalum moldavica L 20.5f 21.9e 12.7d 13.5d 33.8f 35.2g 16.6e 17.8d 8.45c 9.02e 11.3d 10.5c 2.67de 3.89c 39.3c 38.2c
Melissa officinalis L 22.2e 23.6d 17.5b 18.4b 36.7e 37.1f 15.7e 16.6de 9.58c 10.2d 14.0b 12.8b 2.98cd 3.23c 28.6ef 28.6d
Ruta graveolens L 19.8f 18.8f 14.3c 15.5c 24.1g 25.5h 15.0e 16.2e 5.24d 5.76g 9.40e 8.86d 1.62f 1.66e 50.7a 48.7a
Perovskia abrotanoides Kar 35.9b 36.3b 7.94g 9.01f 55.1b 53.5b 40.1a 38.5a 12.7b 11.8c 5.89g 6.13f 5.67a 5.40a 26.1f 25.7e
Cichorium intybus L 20.0f 18.8f 6.57h 6.28g 58.2a 57.0a 34.5b 33.1b 17.4a 16.1a 8.36f 7.97e 3.43c 4.04b 22.9g 25.4e
Borago officinalis L 15.6g 16.1g 10.4f 11.5e 37.7e 41.8d 26.0d 27.4c 12.4b 13.0b 15.9a 14.8a 1.42f 1.59e 34.6d 30.4d
Peganum harmala L 31.8c 32.8c 17.4b 18.2b 21.3h 22.5i 11.1f 11.9f 6.30d 7.13f 13.5c 12.9b 2.23e 2.60cd 44.7b 44.0b
Teucrium polium L 43.8a 44.6a 11.9e 12.9d 46.1c 47.3c 30.8c 32.1b 12.6b 13.6b 5.43h 5.04g 4.81b 5.34a 31.1e 29.9d
Medicago sativa 25.3d 23.4d 19.5a 20.3a 42.6d 39.3e 33.3b 31.6b 8.50c 7.92f 8.59f 9.06d 2.37e 2.12de 26.9f 28.9d
SEM 1.31 1.36 0.58 0.86 2.32 2.15 1.93 1.76 0.71 0.63 0.48 0.43 0.27 0.25 1.74 1.55
p-value  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001
  1. Means with different letters among the same row indicate significant differences according to the p-value presented
  2. NFC was calculated by subtracting CP, NDF, fat, and ash contents from total DM (Sniffen et al. 1992)
  3. DM (% of fresh weight) dry matter, CP crude protein, NDF neutral detergent fiber, ADF acid detergent fiber, ADL acid detergent lignin, EE ether extract, NFC non-fiber carbohydrates, SEM standard error of the mean