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Table 3 Description of all microalgae patents related to agriculture granted by EPO and WIPO

From: What do patents tell us about microalgae in agriculture?

References Application Year Grant Year Publication number Title Product type Microalgae species Company’s name Origin Country
Astakhov et al. (2005) 2005 2007 RU2005130370A Method for biological protection of summer-planted potato from Colorado beetle Insecticide Microcystis aeruginosa G NAUCHNOE UCHREZHDENIE VRII Russia
Lee (2016) 2016 2017 KR2016019054A Manufacturing method of microalgae-containing liquid salt for weeds elimination in lawn having low salt density Herbicide Oscillatoria sp. Lee Se Yong South Korea
Thiebeauld de la Crouee, O. and Thomas (2016) 2016 2018 FR1655263A Cellular extract of one or more microalgae of the genus Amphidinium for its fungicide and/or bactericide activity on fungi, pathogenic oomycetes and/or bacteria of plants and culture seeds Fungicide Amphidium carterae, Prymnesium parvum, Phaeodactylum tricornutum Immunirise France
Carney and Michael (2017) 2017 2020 US201816010686A Biomass compositions for decreasing bruising in fruit and methods therefor Post-harvest Chlorella, Aurantiochytrium acetophilum, Galdieria, Scenedesmus, Haematococcus, Isochrysis, Spirulina Heliae Dev LLC United States
Cheng et al. (2017) 2017 2020 TW106100901A Soil improving composition and method for promoting plant growth which not only has rapid and long-acting nitrogen supplementation, but also inhibits the occurrence of pests and diseases Growth promoter Chlorella spp. Tai Jian Biotech Co. LTD Taiwan
Baek (2017) 2017 2018 KR101928514B1 Eco-friendly grass protectant using sea water Lawn protector Chlororella sp., Paeodactylium sp. Purum Bio Co., LTD South Korea
Moo and Min (2019) 2018 2019 KR20190090526A Composition for improving immunity of plant comprising cultural filtrate of Chlorella sp. Resistance elicitor Clorella sp. Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology South Korea
Carney; Jauregui; Miller (2018) 2018 2020 US201916567597A Compositions and methods for indirectly reducing incidence of fungal pathogen activity in plants Fungicide Chlorella, Aurantiochytrium acetophilum, Galdieria, Scenedesmus, Haematococcus, Isochrysis, Spirulina Heliae Dev LLC United States
Carney et al. (2018) 2018 2020 US20190142014A1 Biomass compositions for increasing sweetness of fruit and methods therefor Post-harvest Chlorella, Aurantiochytrium acetophilum, Galdieria, Scenedesmus, Haematococcus, Isochrysis, Spirulina Heliae Dev LLC United States
Mógor et al. (2019) 2019 2020 BR1020190065672 Microalgae enzymatic hydrolysis and product recovery based on free amino acids for agricultural use Biofertilizer Arthrospira sp. (Spirulina sp.) Universidade Federal do Paraná Brazil