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Table 4 Effect of organic acids on serum immune indices of broilers with and without coccidial challenge

From: Effect of organic acids on growth performance, intestinal morphology, and immunity of broiler chickens with and without coccidial challenge

Treatments1 C.C2 Mearsurements3
TNF-α IFN-γ IL-2 IL-10 IgM IgG IgA
   18d 29d 18d 29d 18d 29d 18d 29d 18d 29d 18d 29d 18d 29d
   pg /ml µg/ml
CON 65.8 55.3 68.0 59.0 297.1 231.1 55.7b 55.8 841.4 837.8 2687.8b 2565.6 1735.9 1795.8
OAW 61.1 50.0 77.2 61.2 289.6 214.8 59.4b 48.7 790.4 782.6 2534.9b 2148.3 1725.5 1611.8
OAF 58.7 65.4 71.7 67.0 259.0 243.0 77.4a 50.6 740.5 873.7 2010.6b 2254.3 1575.7 1832.3
CONC  +  83.1 63.0 61.5 62.2 352.7 272.6 58.6b 52.0 1070.7 1081.6 2708.6b 2621.2 2222.4 2393.7
OAWC  +  71.7 53.5 68.9 57.4 272.7 270.8 50.0b 49.4 812.9 971.3 2659.7b 2357.2 2093.0 2186.9
OAFC  +  77.6 54.2 54.3 76.7 417.2 252.6 37.5c 56.9 1595.6 955.5 3985.1a 2141.4 2468.8 1963.1
SEM   10.4 4.77 4.83 3.94 53.20 21.90 3.89 4.13 202.8 68.2 409.7 220.8 298.1 194.7
Main effect means             
 CON   74.4 59.2 64.8 60.6b 324.9 251.9 57.1 53.9 956.0 959.7 2698.2 2593.4 1979.1 2094.7
 OAW   66.4 51.7 73.1 59.3b 281.2 242.8 54.7 49.0 801.6 876.9 2597.3 2252.7 1909.2 1899.3
 OAF   68.1 59.8 63.0 71.9a 338.1 247.8 57.4 53.8 1168.0 914.6 2997.8 2197.9 2022.2 1897.7
 C.C 61.9 56.9 72.3a 62.4 281.9 229.6 64.2a 51.7 790.7b 831.3b 2411.1b 2322.7 1679.0b 1746.6b
 +  77.4 56.9 61.6b 65.4 347.5 265.3 48.7b 52.8 1159.7a 1002.8a 3117.8a 2373.3 2261.4a 2181.2a
 P-value Diet 0.722 0.188 0.101 0.006 0.54 0.917 0.794 0.418 0.21 0.487 0.602 0.17 0.93 0.516
C.C 0.076 0.992 0.011 0.352 0.141 0.055  < 0.0001 0.755 0.034 0.004 0.043 0.781 0.023 0.01
Diet × C.C 0.915 0.13 0.483 0.25 0.269 0.562  < 0.0001 0.48 0.119 0.49 0.039 0.769 0.769 0.412
  1. 1CON Control diet, OAW Organic acid in water, OAF Organic acid in feed, CONC Control diet with Coccidial challenge, OAWC Organic acid in water with Coccidial challenge, OAFC Organic acid in feed with Coccidial challenge
  2. 2C.C = Coccidial Challenge
  3. 3Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α); Tumor necrosis factor-gamma (TNF-γ); Interleukin-2 (IL-2); Interleukin-10 (IL-10); Immunoglobulin M (IgM); Immunoglobulin G (IgG); and Immunoglobulin A (IgA)
  4. a−cMean within each column with no common superscript differ significantly (P < 0.05)