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Table 3 Anti-inflammatory activity of Ajuga integrifolia agitated micro-shoots (Cyclooxygenases (COX1, COX2); Secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2); Lipoxygenase (15-LOX))

From: Differential induction of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory phytochemicals in agitated micro-shoot cultures of Ajuga integrifolia Buch. Ham. ex D.Don with biotic elicitors

Treatment Concentration Anti-inflammatory activities (% Inhibition)
COX1 COX2 15-LOX sPLA2
Control 45.26 ± 2.31b 33.40 ± 1.02ab 51.46 ± 3.19b 55.95 ± 2.09b
Yeast extract (mg/L) 1 43.01 ± 1.05b 31.74 ± 3.76b 48.90 ± 2.42b 53.17 ± 1.87b
10 37.91 ± 4.01bc 27.98 ± 1.43bc 43.10 ± 1.13bc 46.87 ± 2.61c
50 44.76 ± 2.24b 33.03 ± 1.27ab 50.88 ± 0.88b 55.32 ± 3.13b
100 52.20 ± 1.31a 38.52 ± 0.79a 59.35 ± 1.13a 64.53 ± 2.25a
200 37.60 ± 3.56bc 27.75 ± 3.14bc 42.75 ± 3.02bc 46.48 ± 1.13c
Pectin (mg/L) 1 27.05 ± 0.72cd 19.96 ± 2.61 30.75 ± 2.65d 33.44 ± 2.25de
10 30.59 ± 1.38c 22.57 ± 2.44c 34.78 ± 3.63cd 37.82 ± 3.41d
50 26.27 ± 0.94cd 19.39 ± 1.83d 29.87 ± 1.22d 32.48 ± 2.72de
100 42.44 ± 1.61b 31.32 ± 1.68b 48.25 ± 1.63b 52.46 ± 1.37bc
250 40.46 ± 1.44bc 29.85 ± 0.95b 45.99 ± 2.24bc 50.01 ± 2.01bc
500 33.33 ± 1.75c 24.60 ± 1.28bc 37.90 ± 1.96c 41.21 ± 0.99cd
  1. Values represent means ± standard errors from triplicates; different letters indicate significant differences at p < 0.05