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Table 1 Rhamnolipid production using P. aeruginosa as producer microorganism with different waste and non-waste carbon sources, nitrogen sources, culture media and production time

From: Use of waste canola oil as a low-cost substrate for rhamnolipid production using Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Highest rhamnolipid yield (g/L) P. aeruginosa strain Culture medium Carbon source Nitrogen source Time References
2.70 47T2 NCIB 40044 NaNO3, KH2PO4, K2HPO4, KCl, MgSO4·7H2O, CaCl2, FeSO4.7H2O, yeast extract and trace elements 40 g/L waste frying vegetable oils 4 g/L NaNO3 80 h Haba et al. (2000)
1.82 PEER02 KCl, NaCl, FeSO4∙7H2O, KH2PO4, K2HPO4, MgSO4∙7H2O, yeast extract, trace elements 2% v/v soy oil 15 g/L NaNO3 4 days Wang et al. (2007)
9.50 MR01 KH2PO4, MgSO4·7H2O, yeast extract. 4% v/v soy oil 0.2% w/v NaNO3 336/360 h Lotfabad et al. (2010)
3.55 D KH2PO4, Na2HPO4, MgSO4·7H2O, glycerol, yeast extract. 2% waste coconut oil 6.5 g/L NaNO3 7 days George and Jayachandran. (2012)
0.89 PA01 Glucose, Na2HPO4, KH2PO4, 0.4 MgSO4·7H2O, CaCl2·2H2O, FeSO4·7H2O, and trace elements 2% w/v waste oil 2 g/L NaNO3 7 days Moya-Ramírez et al. (2015)
4.53 2297 KH2PO4, K2HPO4, MgSO4·7H2O 2% sawdust 1 g/L (NH4)2SO4 120 h Kumar et al. (2015)
2.16 Local isolate (wild-type) Not specified 1% v/v glycerol 2% w/v NaNO3 54 h Eraqi et al. (2016)
4.5–5.1 Wild-type strain Oil mill wastewater (25% v/v) Corn steep liquor (10% w/v); Sugar cane molasses (10% w/v) Not specified   Gudiña et al. (2016)
2.80 DR1 MgSO4·7H2O, NaCl, KCl, CaCl2·2H2O, H3PO4, trace elements 1% mango kernel oil, 1% glucose 2.5 g/L NaNO3 96 h Sathi-Reddy et al. (2016)
5.00 L05 Na2HPO4, KH2PO4, K2HPO4, trace elements 19.43 mM of myristic acid 1.4 g/L NaNO3 144 h Nicolo et al. (2017)
5.53 AMB Na2HPO4, KH2PO4, NaCl, MgSO4·7H2O, CaCl2·2H2O 2% w/v waste coconut oil 0.1 g/L NaNO3 60 h Samykannu and Achary (2017)
41.87 15GR MgSO4·7H2O, NaCl, KCl, CaCl2·2H2O, H3PO4, FeSO4·7H2O, ZnSO4·7H2O, MnSO4·H2O, K3BO3, CuSO4·5H2O, Na2MoO4·2H2O 2% v/v glycerol 2.5 g/L NaNO3 6 days El-Housseiny et al. (2019)
  1. The highest rhamnolipid yield and the used P. aeruginosa strain in each case is reported