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Table 5 Fumaric acid production from glycerol to fructose by various strains of Rhizopus sp. after 168 h of growth (35 °C, 200 rpm)

From: A co-utilization strategy to consume glycerol and monosaccharides by Rhizopus strains for fumaric acid production

Rhizopus sp. strain Fructose Glycerol Fumaric acid
F (g/l) CV (%) Gl (g/l) CV (%) FA (g/l) Yfa/s (g/g)
DSM 905 1.56 96.2 12.2 37.0 17.2 0.37
NRRL1526 0.54 98.7 14.9 25.5 22.86 0.51
NBRC4773 0.77 98.1 11.1 44.5 17.86 0.37
NBRC4775 0.69 98.3 10.2 49.0 14.23 0.29
NRRL6400 0.96 97.6 9.4 53.0 18.57 0.37
IAFB781 0.54 98.7 13.5 32.5 23.23 0.50
  1. FA (g/l), fumaric acid concentration in medium after culture; F (g/l); fructose concentration in medium after culture; Gl (g/l), glycerol concentration in medium after culture; CV (%), consume value; Yfa/s (g/g), g of fumaric acid produced per g of carbon source consumed