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Table 3 Fumaric acid production from glycerol and xylose mixture by various strains of Rhizopus sp. after 120 h of growth (35 °C, 200 rpm)

From: A co-utilization strategy to consume glycerol and monosaccharides by Rhizopus strains for fumaric acid production

Rhizopus sp. strain Xylose Glycerol Fumaric acid
X (g/l) CV (%) Gl (g/l) CV (%) FA (g/l) Yfa/s (g/g)
DSM 905 15.24 61.9 22.41 − 12.1 17.74 0.72
NRRL1526 12.18 69.6 24.69 − 23.5 17.76 0.64
NBRC4773 12.98 67.6 21.48 − 7.4 23.28 0.86
NBRC4775 9.12 77.2 20.97 − 4.9 27.82 0.90
NRRL6400 3.93 90.2 20.09 − 0.45 27.82 0.77
IAFB781 0.00 100.0 19.53 2.4 27.92 0.70
  1. FA (g/l), fumaric acid concentration in medium after culture; X (g/l), xylose concentration in medium after culture; Gl (g/l), glycerol concentration in medium after culture; CV (%), consume value; Yfa/s (g/g), g of fumaric acid produced per g of carbon source consumed