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Table 2 Fumaric acid production from hexoses (each as the sole carbon source) by various strains/isolates of Rhizopus sp. after 120 h of growth (35 °C, 200 rpm)

From: A co-utilization strategy to consume glycerol and monosaccharides by Rhizopus strains for fumaric acid production

Rhizopus sp. strain/isolate Substrate
Glucose Fructose Galactose Mannose
FA (g/l) Yfa/s (g/g) FA (g/l) Yfa/s (g/g) FA (g/l) Yfa/s (g/g) FA (g/l) Yfa/s (g/g)
DSM 905 4.0 0.10 10.3 0.26 7.3 0.18 11.5 0.29
NRRL3563 3.8 0.10 2.4 0.06 3.7 0.09 9.0 0.22
NRRL3613 3.8 0.10 5.5 0.14 4.2 0.11 7.0 0.17
NRRL6201 4.0 0.10 3.3 0.08 5.0 0.13 14.0 0.35
NRRL2005 3.2 0.08 4.3 0.11 4.6 0.12 7.5 0.19
NRRL2582 3.2 0.08 11.8 0.30 5.3 0.13 9.0 0.22
NRRL1526 4.2 0.11 9.5 0.24 14.8 0.37 13.5 0.34
NBRC4756 4.0 0.10 8.9 0.22 5.0 0.13 10.5 0.26
NBRC4773 7.8 0.20 6.2 0.16 5.7 0.14 10.5 0.26
NBRC4775 3.9 0.10 8.3 0.21 7.3 0.18 9.5 0.24
NBRC4776 7.5 0.19 6.3 0.16 6.3 0.16 9.5 0.24
NBRC6154 3.5 0.09 8.3 0.21 8.2 0.21 12.0 0.30
NRRL6400 6.2 0.16 9.5 0.24 9.2 0.23 15.0 0.38
IAFB781 4.6 0.12 4.5 0.11 6.74 0.17 12.0 0.30
R-29 2.0 0.05 0.02 0.01 7.3 0.18 1.8 0.05
R-30 2.1 0.05 2.9 0.07 1.6 0.04
R-60 3.1 0.08 0.7 0.02 1.2 0.03
  1. FA (g/l), fumaric acid concentration in medium after culture; Yfa/s (g/g), g of fumaric acid produced per g of carbon source consumed