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Table 1 Complete conversion of all typical PPT ginsenosides to APPT by DT-bgl combined with PF-bgl

From: Complete conversion of all typical glycosylated protopanaxatriol ginsenosides to aglycon protopanaxatriol by combined bacterial β-glycosidases

Microorganism Enzyme (mg ml−1) Substrate (mg ml−1) Pathway Molar conversion (%) Productivity (mg l−1 h−1) References
Aspergillus niger β-Glucosidase Rf (1) Rf → Rh1 → APPT 90.4 NC Liu et al. (2010)
Gordonia terrae β-Glucosidase (20) Rg1 (4) Rg1 → Rh1 → APPT 65.8 224 Shin et al. (2015b)
Penicillium aculeatum β-Glucosidases (5.7) Rf (1) Rf → Rh1 → APPT 90.0 35.8 Lee et al. (2013)
Dictyoglomus turgidum β-Glycosidase (1.3) R1 (1) R1 → R2 → Rh1 → APPT 75.6 15.0 Lee et al. (2014)
Rg1 → Rh1 → APPT 100 92.3
Rf → Rh1 → APPT 100 92.3
Dictyoglomus turgidum and Pyrococcus furiosus β-Glycosidase (4) and β-Glycosidase (0.005) R1 (1) R1 → R2 and Rg1 → Rh1 → APPT 100 126 This study
R2 (1) R2 → Rh1 → APPT 100 303  
Re (1) Re → Rg1 and Rg2 → Rh1 → APPT 100 167  
Rg1 (4,1) Rg1 → Rh1 → APPT 100 297, 148
Rg2 (1) Rg2 → Rh1 → APPT 100 202
Rh1 (1) Rh1 → APPT 100 373
Rf (1) Rf → Rh1 → APPT 100 297
F1 (1) F1 → APPT 100 373
F3 (1) F3 → F1 → APPT 100 155
F5 (1) F5 → F1 → APPT 100 103
  1. NC not calculated