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Table 2 APPD production from PPD-type ginsenosides and ginseng root extract by microbial enzymes

From: Synergistic production of 20(S)-protopanaxadiol from protopanaxadiol-type ginsenosides by β-glycosidases from Dictyoglomus turgidum and Caldicellulosiruptor bescii

Microorganism Enzyme Substrate (mM) APPD (mM) Molar conversion (%) Volumetric productivity (µM h−1) Specific productivity (µmol g−1 h−1) References
Dictyoglomus turgidum β-Glycosidase Rb1 (0.5) 0.2 40 33 36.4a Lee et al. (2012)
Pyrococcus furiosus β-Glycosidase Rd (4.0) 4.0 100 800 8.9a Yoo et al. (2011)
Aspergillus niger Crude enzyme Rg3 (0.6) 0.6 100 20 > 0.1 Liu et al. (2010)
Pyrococcus furiosus β-Glycosidase Ginseng root extract (4.0) 4.0 100 667 3.7a Yoo et al. (2011)
Pyrococcus furiosus β-Glycosidase Ginseng root extract (2.8) 1.8 61 49 6.1 This study
Dictyoglomus turgidum β-Glycosidase Ginseng root extract (2.8) 1.9 71 667 83 This study
Dictyoglomus turgidum and Caldicellulosiruptor bescii β-Glycosidase and β-glycosidase Ginseng root extract (2.8) 2.8 100 1880 235 This study
  1. The numbers in parentheses next to the substrates represent the substrate concentration
  2. aRepresents the calculated values based on the data in the corresponding reference