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Table 1 Production media, cultivation conditions, CMC, yields, structures and references of the biodemulsifiers tested

From: Yeasts and bacterial biosurfactants as demulsifiers for petroleum derivative in seawater emulsions

Microorganisms Production medium Cultivation condition CMC (mg/l) Biosurfactant structure Biosurfactant yield (g/l) Reference
C. sphaerica Distilled water supplemented with 9% soybean oil refinery residue + 9% corn steep liquor 28 °C and 200 rpm for 144 h 250 Glycolipid 9.0 Luna et al. (2013)
C. lipolytica (a) Mineral medium supplemented with 6% soybean oil refinery residue + 1% glutamic acid 28 °C and 150 rpm for 72 h 300 Lipopeptide 8.0 Rufino et al. (2014)
C. lipolytica (b) Distilled water supplemented with 5% animal fat + 2.5% corn steep liquor 28 °C and 200 rpm for 144 h 800 Glycolipid 2.2 Santos et al. (2013, 2017)
C. guilliermondii Distilled water supplemented with 2.5% molasses + 4.0% corn steep liquor + 2.5% soybean oil refinery residue 28 °C and 200 rpm for 144 h 4200 Probably a glycolipid 2.1 Sarubbo et al. (2016)
P. cepacia Mineral medium supplemented with 2% waste frying oil + 3% corn steep liquor 30 °C and 200 rpm for 144 h 156 Probably a glycolipid 5.2 Rocha e Silva et al. (2014)
Bacillus sp. Mineral medium supplemented with 3% sugar cane molasses + 3% corn steep liquor 27 °C and 200 rpm for 120 h 5000 Probably a lipopeptide 10.5 Chaprão et al. (2015)
P. aeruginosa Mineral medium supplemented with 3% glycerol + 0.6% sodium nitrate 28 °C and 200 rpm for 96 h 700 Glycolipid 8.0 Silva et al. (2010)