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Table 2 The sensitivity and the specificity of the phenotypic methods used for differentiating C. albicans and C. dubliniensis (using duplex PCR identification as the gold standard)

From: Comparison of duplex PCR and phenotypic analysis in differentiating Candida dubliniensis from Candida albicans from oral samples

Cultivation method C. dubliniensis—sensitivity (%) C. albicans—specificity (%) PPV (%) NPV (%)
Chlamydospore formation 33.3 97.48 25 98.31
Growth at 42 °C 33.3 94.12 12.5 98.25
Assimilation of xylose 33.3 89.08 7.14 98.15
Assimilation of trehalose 33.3 94.12 12.5 98.25
  1. PPV positive predictive value, NPV negative predictive value