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Table 5 Comparison of the results from this study with literature reports on propionic acid fermentation process by P. acidipropionici with different carbon sources, using free and immobilized cells in batch and fed-batches modes of operation (adapted from (Dishisha et al. 2012) and Liu et al. (2012))

From: Microbial production of Propionic and Succinic acid from Sorbitol using Propionibacterium acidipropionici

Strain Carbon source Immobilization matrix Mode of operation Propionic acid (g L −1 ) Productivity (g L −1h −1 ) Y PA/S (g g −1 ) P/A ratio (g g −1 ) Reference
ATCC 25562 Glycerol 30 (g L−1) - Batch 20 0.24 0.68 45.6 Barbirato et al. (1997)
ATCC 25562 Glycerol 30 (g L−1) Ca alginate beads Recycle batch 19.3 3.0 0.63 113.5 Bories et al. (2004)
ATCC 25562 Glycerol 20 (g L−1) - Batch 12 0.42 0.64 6 Himmi et al. (2000)
ATCC 4965 Glycerol 20 (g L−1) - Uncontrolled-pH Batch 6.77 0.05 0.72 Without acetic acid production Coral et al. (2008)
CGMCC 1.2230 Glycerol 50 (g L−1) - Batch 28.53 ± 0.82 0.19 0.57 11.14 ± 0.62 Zhu et al. (2010)
Glycerol 80 (g L−1) 32.00 ± 0.91 0.09 0.40 6.15 ± 0.31
DSM 4900 Glycerol 42 ± 0.50 (g L−1) - Batch 19.46 ± 0.63 0.34 0.51 17.9 Dishisha et al. (2012)
Glycerol 63.6 ± 0.90 (g L−1) - 26.31 ± 0.78 0.26 0.51 47.8
Glycerol 43.3 ± 0.01 (g L−1) PEI-Luffa 21.70 ± 0.02 0.30 0.58 27.8
Glycerol 63.2 ± 0.03 (g L−1) PEI-Luffa 26.00 ± 0.02 0.16 0.57 38.2
Glycerol 42 ± 0.01 (g L−1) PEI-Poraver 20.09 ± 0.01 0.86 0.51 28.7
Glycerol 66.6 ± 0.05 (g L−1) PEI-Poraver 28.39 ± 0.02 0.43 0.51 55.7
Glycerol 84.6 ± 0.00 (g L−1) PEI-Poraver 35.23 ± 0.01 0.35 0.47 15.3
ATCC 4875 Xylose - Fed-batch 53.2 0.23 a 5.2 Liu et al. (2012)
Corncob molasses 71.8 0.28 a ~4.8
NRRLB-3569 Household refuse - - Batch 27.6 0.40 0.552 3.33 Blanc and Goma (1987)
ATCC 4875 Glycerol (40 g L−1) - Batch 19.3 ± 0.06 0.026 ± 0.002 0.55 ± 0.01 >100 Zhang and Yang (2009)
Fibrous-bed bioreactor (FBB) Fed-batch 19.7 ± 1.0 0.17 ± 0.04 0.52 ± 0.01 26 ± 4
ATCC 4875 ACK-Tet - Batch 26.0 ± 0.6 0.10 ± 0.03 0.54 ± 0.02 29 ± 3
Fibrous-bed bioreactor (FBB) Recycle-batch 23.0 ± 1.3 0.25 ± 0.03 0.59 ± 0.02 22 ± 2
CGMCC1.2225 (ATCC4965) Glycerol (40 g L−1) - Batch 18.1 ± 0.65 0.108 0.475 ± 0.017 33.5 Liu et al. (2011)
Glucose (40 g L−1) 11.5 ± 0.45 0.068 0.303 ± 0.012 4.5
ATCC 4875 Sorbitol (80 g L−1) - Sequential batch –first batch 39.5 ± 5.2 0.6 0.613 12.0 This work
Sequential batch –second batch 35.8 ± 1.4 0.5 0.419 16.0
Sequential batch – third batch 34.4 ± 1.9 0.5 0.438 17.0
  1. aData not calculated.