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Table 1 Table of phenolic compounds and the concentration range commonly found in spruce hydrolysates

From: The chemical nature of phenolic compounds determines their toxicity and induces distinct physiological responses in Saccharomyces cerevisiae in lignocellulose hydrolysates

Phenolic compounds Amount (mg/L)
Gallic acid 7.1–10.2
Catechine 61–71.9
Vanillic acid 3.93–71.2
Syringic acid 42.3–42.87
Ferulic acid 42.91–45.08
Picein [3-(β-d-glucosyloxy)-hydroxy-acetophenone] 0.2–1.4
Pungenin[3-(β-d-glucosyloxy)-4-hydroxy-acetophenone] 0.2
Taxifoloin 2–33
Coniferyl aldehyde 35–301
Vanillic acid 0.01–35
Vanillin 36
4-hydroxybenzoic acid 39–81
Catechol 2
Acetoguaiacone 146
Trans cinnamic acid 10
Syringaldehyde 107
  1. (Almeida et al. [2007b], Deflorio et al. [2011], Delvas et al. [2011], Evensen et al. [2000], Hutzler et al. [1998], Miyafuji et al. [2003]).
  2. Also, Pungenol (3′,4′-hydroxy-acetophenone), Piceol (4′-hydroxyacetophenone), Trans-resveratrol, P-Coumaric acid, Coumarins, Stilbenes, Styryl pyrones, Dihydroconiferyl alcohol, Hydroquinone, Homovanillic acid have all been found in various concentrations in spruce hydrolysates (Almeida et al. [2007b], Deflorio et al. [2011], Delvas et al. [2011], Evensen et al. [2000], Hutzler et al. [1998], Miyafuji et al. [2003]).