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Table 4 Overview of the levels of metabolites produced by the eight wine yeast strains grown in synthetic grape juice medium under low (67 mg l −1 ) and high nitrogen (670 mg l −1 ) concentrations

From: Phenotypic and metabolic traits of commercial Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeasts

Strain N level (mg l−1) Time to reach dryness (h) Residual glucose (g l−1) Residual fructose (g l−1) Succinic acid (g l−1) Glycerol (g l−1) Acetic acid (g l−1) Ethanol (% v/v) Total H2S (μg l−1)
T73 67 >696 6.73 ± 1.65a 40.48 ± 2.23a 1.91 ± 0.02a,b,c 6.74 ± 1.49a,b 0.32 ± 0.06b,c,d 8.95 ± 0.31f 214.4 ± 97.1a
670 192 2.09 ± 0.29b 2.50 ± 0.13d 0.54 ± 0.03e 8.63 ± 0.29a,b 0.79 ± 0.07a 11.60 ± 0.46a,b,c 44.7 ± 22.7b,c
UCD522 67 672 0.47 ± 0.04b 2.42 ± 0.04d 2.00 ± 0.12a,b 7.24 ± 0.54a,b 0.22 ± 0.05c,d 12.00 ± 0.00a,b 201.7 ± 19.3a
670 144 1.38 ± 0.32b 2.77 ± 0.89d 0.34 ± 0.03e 7.66 ± 0.34a,b 0.39 ± 0.01b,c 12.30 ± 0.00a 191.2 ± 14.3a
BRL97 67 696 0.51 ± 0.01b 3.52 ± 0.16d 1.68 ± 0.04c,d 6.27 ± 0.21b 0.44 ± 0.00b 11.80 ± 0.20a,b 4.4 ± 3.8c
670 168 2.03 ± 0.35b 3.69 ± 0.09d 0.39 ± 0.00e 8.79 ± 0.94a 0.71 ± 0.01a 11.83 ± 0.21a,b 8.9 ± 6.7c
NT116 67 >696 1.85 ± 0.61b 24.94 ± 3.62b 1.76 ± 0.09a,b,c 7.18 ± 0.35a,b 0.32 ± 0.01b,c,d 10.2 ± 0.17e 5.6 ± 3.0c
670 144 2.23 ± 0.63b 2.43 ± 0.36c,d 0.38 ± 0.04e 8.00 ± 0.30a,b 0.45 ± 0.01b 11.85 ± 0.35a,b 2.1 ± 1.7c
QA23 67 672 2.08 ± 1.43b 3.89 ± 0.50d 1.69 ± 0.04b,c,d 6.24 ± 0.16b 0.16 ± 0.03d 11.50 ± 0.14a,b,c,d 0.0 ± 0.0c
670 120 2.31 ± 0.76b 2.38 ± 0.07d 0.33 ± 0.01e 8.47 ± 0.11a,b 0.43 ± 0.01b 11.90 ± 0.10a,b 0.0 ± 0.0c
VL1 67 696 0.62 ± 0.09b 2.66 ± 1.09d 1.94 ± 0.22a,b,c 6.34 ± 1.06b 0.34 ± 0.04b,c,d 11.38 ± 0.34b,c,d 45.1 ± 14.1b,c
670 288 1.70 ± 0.22b 3.00 ± 0.31d 0.47 ± 0.02e 8.32 ± 0.42a,b 0.73 ± 0.04a 11.75 ± 0.35a,b,c 4.4 ± 0.5c
CEG 67 >696 1.49 ± 0.02b 13.57 ± 0.61c 1.46 ± 0.00d 7.05 ± 0.63a,b 0.33 ± 0.11b,c,d 10.87 ± 0.13d,e 0.6 ± 0.0c
670 216 1.77 ± 0.03b 1.99 ± 0.07d 0.36 ± 0.04e 7.27 ± 0.13a,b 0.69 ± 0.02a 11.37 ± 0.21b,c,d 5.0 ± 7.0c
XL 67 696 2.57 ± 0.00b 2.94 ± 0.00d 2.02 ± 0.00a 7.81 ± 0.00a,b 0.24 ± 0.00b,c,d 11.38 ± 0.02a,b,c,d 127.6 ± 14.1a,b
670 168 1.66 ± 0.15b 2.16 ± 0.14d 0.44 ± 0.05e 8.16 ± 0.07a,b 0.77 ± 0.09a 11.63 ± 0.4a,b,c 35.6 ± 23.7b,c
  1. Values in same column not connected by the same letter are significantly different, p < 0.05.