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Table 5 Mutagenicity of naturally occurring and cultivated mushroom species detected by Ames test

From: Mushroom as a product and their role in mycoremediation

S. no. Mushroom types Mutagenicity test results Reference
1 Nine wild and two cultivated species of Spanish edible mushrooms The mushrooms were mutagenic to TA100 and TA98 strains Morales et al., ([1990])
2 Wild and commercially grown mushrooms Presence of microsomal enzymes (S-9) reduced the mutagenic effects of all the mushrooms, with the exception of Agaricus abruptibulbus and Cantharellus cibarius. Gruter et al., ([1991])
3 Agaricus bisporus Direct-acting mutagenic response in various Salmonella typhimurium strains, TA104. Agaritine is not responsible for the mutagenicity of mushroom extracts Papaparaskeva et al., ([1991])
4 Agaricus bisporus Agaritine was weakly mutagenic, in the absence of an activation system, in Salmonella typhimurium strain TA104. Walton et al., ([1997])
5 Pleurotus florida cultivated on handmade paper and cardboard industrial waste Not mutagenic with either TA 98 or TA 100 strain Kulshreshtha et al., ([2011])
6 Pleurotus citrinopileatus cultivated on handmade paper and cardboard industrial waste Mushroom extract is mutagenic with TA 98 strain Kulshreshtha et al., [(2013)]