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Table 2 Quantification of the surface chemical elements of the different BC polymers by EDX

From: Hydroxyapatite bioactivated bacterial cellulose promotes osteoblast growth and the formation of bone nodules

EDAX ZAF Quantification (Standardless)
Element normalized
SKC Table: Default
Without osteoblasts With osteoblasts
  Element Wt % At % Element Wt % At %
BC C K 44.28 53.71 C K 30.31 42.98
N K 2.87 2.99 N K 6.38 7.76
O K 46.73 42.55 O K 33.36 35.52
P K 0.00 0.00 P K 8.07 4.44
Na K 0.35 0.22 Na K 0.00 0.00
Au K 5.48 0.04 Au K 0.00 0.00
Cl K 0.29 0.003 Cl K 0.00 0.00
Ca K 0.00 0.00 Ca K 21.88 9.30
  Total 100% 100%    
  Element Wt % At % Element Wt % At %
BC-50%HA C K 38.58 64.07 C K 4.67 11.76
O K 19.15 23.89 O K 25.01 46.87
Na K 3.00 2.60 Na K 2.18 2.84
P K 1.13 0.73 P K 11.65 11.28
Au K 27.29 2.76 Au K 25.45 3.87
Cl K 8.55 4.81 Cl K 2.55 2.16
K K 0.73 0.37 K K 0.00 0.00
Ca K 1.54 0.78 Ca K 28.49 21.31
  Total 100% 100%    
  Element Wt % At % Element Wt % At %
BC-0.3%HA C K 46.09 68.54 C K 13.87 32.64
O K 20.47 22.85 O K 21.50 37.99
Na K 2.60 2.02 Na K 3.36 4.13
P K 0.67 0.39 P K 6.09 5.56
Au K 21.44 1.95 Au K 34.92 5.01
Cl K 6.24 3.14 Cl K 4.02 3.20
K K 1.03 0.47 K K 0.00 0.00
Ca K 1.45 0.65 Ca K 16.25 11.46
  Total 100% 100% Total 100% 100%
  1. BC: bacterial cellulose, EDX: Energy dispersive X-ray.